U.S. History Semester 2 Final Exam Study Guide Flashcards

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Imperialism
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A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
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Open Door Policy
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A policy, proposed by the United States in 1899, under which all nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
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Roosevelt Corollary
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President Theodore Roosevelt’s 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, in which he declared that the United Sates had the right to exercise “police power” throughout the Western hemisphere.
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Yellow Journalism
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News reporting, often biased or untrue, that relies on sensational stories and headlines.
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Immigration Restrictions
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We limited immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe to get rid of communism in the states.
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New ‘targets’ of KKK
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The Klan targeted not only African Americans but also recent immigrants, especially catholics and Jews.
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Red Scare
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Fear that communists were working to destroy the American way of life.
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The ‘new’ KKK members
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A new klan that was established because some white people felt that black people were getting too many rights and needed to be put back in their place.
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Black Tuesday
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The Wall Street Crash of 1929, began in late October 1929 and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States.
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Dust Bowl
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Was a period of severe dust storms causing damage to American and Canadian prairie lands in the 1930s.
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Okie
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A resident or native of Oklahoma. It is derived from the name of the state, similar to Texan or Tex for someone from Texas, or Arkie or Arkansawyer for a native of Arkansas.
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American Isolationism
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Staying out of the affairs and wars of other nations; the position initially held by the United States at the beginning of World War II.
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Appeasement
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Accepting demands in order to avoid conflict.
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Battle of Okinawa Japan
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The bloodiest battle of the Pacific war.
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Battle of the Bulge
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Huge battle launched by Germany near the end of the war Dec. 1944; won by the Allies forcing Germany to retreat.
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Holocaust
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The Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler.
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Japanese American Internment
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Forced movement of Japanese Americans into camps during WWII.
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Manhattan Project
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Top secret program to build atomic bombs.
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Operation Overlord
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Code name for the Allied invasion of Europe in 1944.
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Cold War
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Struggle from 1945 to 1989 between the communist and democratic worlds; ended with the collapse of Russia.
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Marshall Plan
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A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952).
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McCarthyism
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The act of accusing people of disloyalty and communism.
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NATO
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Organization formed in 1949 as a military alliance of western European and North american states against the Soviet Union and its east European allies. (see also Warsaw Pact.)
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Sunbelt
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States in the south and southwest that have a warm climate and tend to be politically conservative.
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Truman Doctrine
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President Truman’s policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology.
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Cuban Missile Crisis
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The 1962 confrontation between US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba.
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Freedom Rides
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A series of political protests against segregation by Blacks and Whites who rode buses together through the American South in 1961.
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Little Rock Nine
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The nine African American students who were admitted to Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.
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Cesar Chavez
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1927-1993. Farm worker, labor leader, and civil-rights activist who helped form the National Farm Workers Association, later the United Farm Workers.
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Counterculture
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A culture with lifestyles and values opposed to those of the established culture.
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Domino Theory
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The political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control.
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End of Vietnam War
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Ended in 1975 when North Vietnam gained control over all of Vietnam.
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Tet Offensive
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A massive surprise attack by the Vietcong on South Vietnamese towns and cities in early 1968.
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Detente
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Word meaning an easing of tensions between the world’s superpowers during the Cold War.
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OPEC
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Organization of Petroleum (gas/oil) Exporting (sending products to other countries, to make money) Countries.
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SALT
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Negotiations between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) to not use nuclear weapons. Strategic Arms Limitation Talks.

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