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topic test #7 geography

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Acculturation
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The process by which members of one cultural group adopt the beliefs and behavior of another group
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Assimilation
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The process by which a person or a group acquires the social political and economic standards of another group in order to become fully integrated within a culture
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Diffusion
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The process by which an aspect or piece of culture is spread from one society to another
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Appropriation
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The process by which cultures adopt customs, beliefs, or knowledge from another.
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Heterogeneous is best described as
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Having differences
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The fact that yoga and acupuncture have adopted into american culture and are increasing in popularity is an example of___
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Appropriation
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The way in which people absorb outside cultures is called____
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integration
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Which of the following is not a reason for why local culture makes places unique
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Coordinates of latitude and longitude provide an exact location.
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If a person has adapted to an environment, they have
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Adjusted to the differences within their new environment
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Popular culture____
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Is fluid and can change quickly
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The changes to Boston’s harbor and land area are examples of the ability of ___ to manipulate and change the ____
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Culture….. Environment
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Cultural characteristics that are spread by mass media like movies and television are examples of cultural_____
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Diffusion
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What was the most important reason the city of boston chose to fill in much of their swampy land and coastal areas
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More land was needed for its growing population
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The name of the culture that exists within the dominant culture is
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Subculture
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The spreading of soccer around the world is an example of cultural___
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Diffusion
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Which of the following is an example of cultural assimilation
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A new immigrant from mexico learns how to speak english after enrolling in an american school
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Cultures may adopt the values and practices of other groups
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True
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Popular culture is practiced by a diverse and ____ group of people
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Heterogeneous
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Which of the following statements best summarizes the process of cultural sharing
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Cultures change over time as groups pass their values to other groups and adopt practices practices of other groups
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Religion
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set of beliefs that explain the creation of the universe and the nature of human existence
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Monotheism
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Belief in and worship of one god
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Polytheism
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Belief in and worship of multiple gods
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Abrahamic
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Term used by some to refer to the monotheistic faiths of judaism christianity and islam
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Torah
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Compilation of early laws and jewish traditional beliefs
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Bible
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Includes jewish texts and adds the new testament
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Qur’an
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Laws and prophecies written by the prophet muhammad
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Sunni islam
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Those who believed muhammad’s close advisor and friend should lead
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Shia
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Those who believed mohammed cousin should lead
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Dharma
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the path of righteousness
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Karma
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belief that one’s actions or decisions influence how he or she will be treated
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Which of the following ideas is not part of most hindu beliefs?
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A belief in the eightfold path
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The Dalai Lama is the spiritual leader of __________.
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Tibetan buddhist
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Which of the following beliefs is not included in Islam’s six articles of Faith
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Faith in the vedas as sacred texts
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Polytheism, reincarnation, and following a path to a better life are the tenants of ______
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Hinduism
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Which of the following religions is practice by the largest percentage of the world’s population
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Christianity
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Religion is a set of devoutly followed beliefs that often explain the creation of the universe and the nature of human existence.
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True
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In what geographic region were both buddhism and hinduism founded?
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South asia
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Which of the following is not included in the christian bible?
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The first three books of the Qur’an
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Buddhism is both a religion and a philosophy
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true
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The Torah consists of five books that include______
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A compilation of judaic law
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Which of the following characteristics is not shared by the faiths of christianity, judaism, and islam
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All three polytheistic religions
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In Buddhism, the _____ provides a set of concept to improve life and reach enlightenment
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Eightfold path
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Christianity began in the same region as
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Islam and Judaism
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What is the primary role of missionaries within christians faiths?
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To convert others to christianity
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Why is it significant that the name “tuareg” may have been derived from the arabic word meaning “abandoned by allah”?
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This shows what more traditional north african arabs may think of the way the Tuareg blend island with traditional african religions.
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Prior to the diaspora, ____ had already been conquered by the assyrians and babylonians
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Israel
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What do the Tuareg culture and the candomble faith have in common?
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Both appropriated cultural traditions from multiple sources.
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African slaves who were brought to the new world adopted the religious practice of the _____
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Christians
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Which of the following statements about the history of judaism is false?
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Judaism is considered an important religion today due to the large percentage of people on Earth who follow its beliefs.
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Conflict between _____ has been raging in nigeria since 1999
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Christians and Muslims
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As of 2009, the largest and most widespread religion in the world was __________.
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Christianity
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Which of the following statements about the spread of Christianity is false?
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Christianity did not spread to as many people as Islam did; Christianity is the world’s second-largest religion.
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The Tuareg culture exhibits a combination of __________.
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Islamic and pre-Islamic traditions
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The term “Diaspora” refers to __________.
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the spread of Judaism through the Middle East and southern Europe
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Which of the following people is responsible for making the Christian faith the official religion of the Roman Empire?
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Emperor Constantine
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Tuareg men wear a veil (tagelmust) for all of the following reasons, except __________.
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because Sharia law dictates that Muslim men must wear veils
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Why did so many Native American peoples adopt Christianity in Latin America during the 1500s?
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The pope required that the Spanish monarchs make the conversion of native peoples to Christianity a priority during colonization.
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Ethnic neighborhoods most often form in order to ______
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Support new immigrants in a new location and preserve cultural heritage
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The “middle belt” describes the ________
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Imaginary line dividing nigeria into north and south
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What was the original cause of the split between shia and sunni muslims within islam?
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Disagreement over who should lead the faith
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Why was the roman catholic church so powerful in Europe during the middle ages?
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Church officials controlled knowledge and learning and often held influential positions in government.
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Why does cultural diffusion happen more quickly today than in previous centuries
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Advancements in transportation and communication make it easier to spread culture.
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Which of the following beliefs is not one of the four noble truths of buddhism?
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There will be no other Torah