Thiophene C4H4S structure

C4H4S structure
Molecular Formula C4H4S
Average mass 84.140 Da
Density 1.1±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 84.2±9.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point -1.1±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 24.6±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 9.8±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 33.9±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 78.9±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless to pale yellow liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Highly flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents,nitrates. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      IPR-MUS LD50 100 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      11-20/21/22-36/38-52/53 Alfa Aesar A13941
      16-26-29-33-36/37-61 Alfa Aesar A13941
      3 Alfa Aesar A13941
      9-16-23-26-33-36/37-60-61 Alfa Aesar A13941
      Danger Alfa Aesar A13941
      Danger Biosynth Q-100055
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, causes CNS injury, lung & eye irritation Alfa Aesar A13941
      GHS02; GHS05; GHS06; GHS08 Biosynth Q-100055
      H225; H302; H315; H318; H331; H335; H340; H350; H373 Biosynth Q-100055
      H225-H331-H302-H312-H315-H319-H412 Alfa Aesar A13941
      Irritant/Highly Flammable SynQuest 5H66-1-07
      P201; P210; P261; P280; P305+P351+P338; P311 Biosynth Q-100055
      P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A13941
      Safety glasses, good ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      705 (estimated with error: 46) NIST Spectra mainlib_291513, replib_531, replib_19355, replib_227709
      668 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Beletskiy, I.V., Influence of methyl, formyl and acetyl groups on retention of substituted furans and thiophenes in capillary GC, Chromatographia, 34(9/10), 1992, 497-501., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Beletskiy, I.V., Influence of methyl, formyl and acetyl groups on retention of substituted furans and thiophenes in capillary GC, Chromatographia, 34(9/10), 1992, 497-501., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Beletsky, I.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Chromatographic and IR characteristics of methyl-, formyl-, and acetyl-substituted furans and thiophenes, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 43(1), 1994, 64-69, In original 70-75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      670 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DC-200; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reymond, D.; Mueggler-Chavan, F.; Viani, R.; Vuataz, L.; Egli, R.H., Gas chromatographic analysis of steam volatile aroma constituents: application to coffee, tea and cocoa aromas, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 28-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      671 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DC-200; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflussigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 22, 1966, 6-22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      694 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Chromaton N-AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kurbatova, S.V.; Finkelstein, E.E.; Kolosova, E.A.; Kartashev, A.V.; Rashkin, S.V., Structural analogy method in studies of adamantanes, J. Struct. Chem., 45(1), 2004, 144-150., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon M; Carrier gas: He or N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W, AW-DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Garbuzov, V.G.; Misharina, T.A.; Aerov, A.F.; Golovnya, R.V., Gas chromatographic retention indices for sulphur(II)-containing organic substances, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 40(4), 1985, 576-586, In original 709-720., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon M; Substrate: Chromosorb W, AW/DMS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Garbuzov, V.G.; Aerov, A.F., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulfur-containing compounds. 5. Thiophene, furan, and benzene derivatives, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 11, 1978, 2271-2274, In original 2543-2547.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      674.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Miller, K.E.; Bruno, T.J., Isothermal Kovats retention indices of sulfur compounds on a poly(5% diphenyl-95% dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 1007, 2003, 117-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      679.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Miller, K.E.; Bruno, T.J., Isothermal Kovats retention indices of sulfur compounds on a poly(5% diphenyl-95% dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 1007, 2003, 117-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      686.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Miller, K.E.; Bruno, T.J., Isothermal Kovats retention indices of sulfur compounds on a poly(5% diphenyl-95% dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 1007, 2003, 117-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      700 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Miller, K.E.; Bruno, T.J., Isothermal Kovats retention indices of sulfur compounds on a poly(5% diphenyl-95% dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 1007, 2003, 117-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      685.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsar, Z.; Kovats, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 904, 2000, 211-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      683 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 609, 1992, 229-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      686 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      675 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon M; Substrate: Chromosorb WAW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mikhailova, T.V.; Gren, A.I.; Vysotskaja, L.E.; Misharina, T.A.; Vitt, S.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Identification of sulphur-organic compounds obtained by thermal treatment of the meat broths in the presence of alkyl-mercaptopropanol, Nahrung, 29(7), 1985, 671-680.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      664.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      641 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ryba, M., Unlosliche Restfilme er stationaren Flussigkeit in gas-chromatographischen Glaskapillaren, Chromatographia, 9(3), 1976, 105-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      648 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ryba, M., Unlosliche Restfilme er stationaren Flussigkeit in gas-chromatographischen Glaskapillaren, Chromatographia, 9(3), 1976, 105-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      632 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.01 in; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarik, K.; Janak, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162 gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kovats retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 65, 1972, 207-215., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agr, X.X.; Tesaric, K.; Janak, J., Will be entered later, J. Chromatogr., 95, 1973, 207-215.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      644 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.01 in; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarik, K.; Janak, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162 gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kovats retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 65, 1972, 207-215., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agr, X.X.; Tesaric, K.; Janak, J., Will be entered later, J. Chromatogr., 95, 1973, 207-215.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      693 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.01 in; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarik, K.; Janak, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162 gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kovats retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 65, 1972, 207-215., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agr, X.X.; Tesaric, K.; Janak, J., Will be entered later, J. Chromatogr., 95, 1973, 207-215.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      652 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflussigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 22, 1966, 6-22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      690 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflussigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 22, 1966, 6-22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1054 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromaton N-AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kurbatova, S.V.; Finkelstein, E.E.; Kolosova, E.A.; Kartashev, A.V.; Rashkin, S.V., Structural analogy method in studies of adamantanes, J. Struct. Chem., 45(1), 2004, 144-150.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1039 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 40M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Beletskiy, I.V., Influence of methyl, formyl and acetyl groups on retention of substituted furans and thiophenes in capillary GC, Chromatographia, 34(9/10), 1992, 497-501.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1023 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles from brewed coffee with an on-column GC/MS method, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(3), 1990, 802-804.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1046 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflussigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 22, 1966, 6-22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      650 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Egolf, L.M.; Jurs, P.C., Quantitative structure-retention and structure-odor intensity relationships for a diverse group of odor-active compounds, Anal. Chem., 65, 1993, 3119-3126., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      648 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: PONA; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, Y.; Wang, Z.; Zong, B.; Yang, H., Determination of sulfur compounds in fluid catalytic cracking gasoline by gas chromatography with a sulfur chemiluminiscence detector, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 22(3), 2004, 216-219.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      651.8 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.1 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(0.4min) =>10C/min=> 110C=>20C/min =>260C (1min); CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Rapid qualitative GC/TOFMS analysis of unleaded gasoline, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      646 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 150 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: PONA; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, Y.-T.; Wang, Z.; Han. J.-H.; Tian, H.-P.; Yang, H.-Y., Determination of sulfur compounds in gasoline fraction of microreactor products by gas chromatography – Atomic emission detector, Petrochemical Technology (Shiyou Huagong), 32(11), 2003, 995-998.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      647 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: PONA; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, Y.-T.; Wang, Z.; Han. J.-H.; Tian, H.-P.; Yang, H.-Y., Determination of sulfur compounds in gasoline fraction of microreactor products by gas chromatography – Atomic emission detector, Petrochemical Technology (Shiyou Huagong), 32(11), 2003, 995-998., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: PONA; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, Y.T.; Yang, H.Y.; Zong, B.N.; Lu, W.Z., determination and distribution of sulfur compounds in gasoline by gas chromatography-atomic emission detector, Chinise J. Anal. Chem. (Fenxi Huaxue), 31(10), 2003, 1153-1158.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      643.23 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baraldi, R.; Rapparini, F.; Rossi, F.; Latella, A.; Ciccioli, P., Volatile organic compound emissions from flowers of the most occurring and economically important species of fruit trees, Phys. Chem. Earth, 24(6), 1999, 729-732.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      685 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tai, C.-Y.; Ho, C.-T., Influence of glutathione oxidation and pH on thermal formation of Maillard-type volatile compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(6), 1998, 2260-2265.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      651 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35(1)-10^ -> 55-25^ ->250; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nedjma, M.; Maujean, A., Improved chromatographic analysis of volatile sulfur compounds by the static headspace technique on water-alcohol solutions and brandies with chemiluminescence detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 704, 1995, 495-502.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      657.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Katritzky, A.R.; Ignatchenko, E.S.; Barcock, R.A.; Lobanov, V.S.; Karelson, M., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention times and response factors using a general quantitative structure — property relationship treatment, Anal. Chem., 66, 1994, 1799-1807.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      653 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Kuznetsova, L.M., Logic Criteria on Prediction of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices from Physico-Chemical Properties of Organic Compounds, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 315(4), 1990, 881-885, In original 881-885.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      644 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: CP-Sil 5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.45 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Damste, J.S.S.; van Dalen, A.C.K.; de Leeuw, J.W.; Schenck, P.A., Identification of homologous series of alkylated thiophenes, thiolanes, thianes and benzothiophenes present in pyrolisates of sulfur-rich kerogenes, J. Chromatogr., 435, 1988, 435-452., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase:

      Tagged In :

      Get help with your homework


      image

      We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

      Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample For Only $13.90/page

      Sarah from studyhippoHi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

      Check it out