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Therapies – Flashcard

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Group therapy is typically facilitated by
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a mental health professional
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The goals of a self-help support group are
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– to discuss topics of common interests – to provide support to each other
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Antidepressant drugs
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are a class of medications used to improve the moods of patients
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Anti anxiety drugs, commonly known as tranquilizers reduce the level of
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anxiety helping the person feel calmer
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The goal of cognitive therapies is to change a person’s behaviors and feelings by changing their
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– thoughts – cognitive
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The goal of psychodynamic therapy is to help the client become aware of
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unconscious conflicts that may be creating problems for them
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Drug therapy, electroconvulsive therapy, and psychosurgery are all examples of what kind of therapy
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Biological Therapy
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An important element in successful psychotherapy is the relationship between the therapist and the client. This is referred to as
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the therapeutic alliance
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The following are true about psychotherapeutic drugs
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– these drugs are effective on a number of psychological disorders – it is known that these drugs work – it is often not known why these drugs work
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What is the name of the type of drugs that are used to help treat mental disorders?
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Psychotherapeutic
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Cognitive restructuring is designed to
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– change a pattern of thought that is causing a maladaptive behavior – change a pattern of thought that is causing a maladaptive emotion
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Classical Conditioning is used to
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treat phobias
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Area of psychology focuses on preventing and treating psychological disorder:
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Clinical Psychology
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The following is true of the cognitive-behavioral therapy approach:
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– combo of cognitive therapy – emphasis on reducing self-defeating thoughts and behavioral therapy and emphasis of changing behavior —>Therapist takes a directive role – may be given homework assignments directed at these behavioral changes answer to question: – it involves the use of homework assignments to help make behavior changes – it involves reducing self-defeating thoughts – it involves changing behaviors and thinking that may be problematic
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A short-term, problem-focused, directive therapy that encourages clients to accentuate the positive is called
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Well-Being Therapy (WBT)
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The following are considered sociocultural approaches to the treatment of psychological disorders:
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– family therapy – group therapy
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What is the goal of electroconvulsive therapy? (ECT) “Shock Therapy”
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to activate a seizure in the brain
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Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is the best known example of a
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self help support group
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Charlie has decided to go talk to a psychotherapist. What factors should he consider in selecting who he talks to?
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– is the psychotherapist licensed by the state where they practice? – has the psychotherapist received training that will help Charlie’s specific issues? – what type of education and degrees does the psychotherapist have?
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Antipsychotic drugs are used to reduce symptoms of
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severe psychological disorders such as schizophrenia.
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A therapist who views a maladaptive behavior as a learned behavior that can be unlearned subscribes to the
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operant conditioning approach
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The following is true of humanistic psychotherapy:
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– there is an emphasis on a person’s ability to self-heal – people are encouraged to understand themselves – present rather than the past – self-fulfillment rather than illness – emphasize conscious rather than unconscious – personal growth encouraged
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Psychosurgery
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is a biological therapy, with irreversible effects, that involves removal or destruction of brain tissue to improve the individual’s adjustment
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If your doctor writes you a prescription for anti-anxiety medication, this doctor is a
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psychiatrist or other medical doctor
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Behavioral therapists are more concerned with
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changing behavior then exploring why that behavior exists
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According to Yalom, information, universality, altruism, and the development of social skills are all characteristics features of
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group therapy
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Cognitive therapies stress that a person’s cognitions or thoughts are the
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main cause of their psychological problems
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A therapist who uses a variety of therapeutic approaches, depending on the specific diagnosis is said to
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practice integrative therapy
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Benzodiazepines work by binding to receptor
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sites that become overactive during a period of anxiety.
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Therapy is more likely to work if the therapist
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– monitors the client’s progress and makes changes as needed – uses a style that matches the client’s personality
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Family therapists would view an individual’s problems as a function of
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the family relationships
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What client factors influence therapeutic outcomes?
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– their strengths and abilities – their willingness to make therapy work
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Which therapy is considered the best?
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– no one therapy is more effective than the others – the best therapies are those that the psychotherapist is trained to do – Psychodynamic, Humanistic, and Behavior therapies are the best
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A humanistic therapist who expresses feelings of acceptance toward a client, regardless of what the client has done or feels, is
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expressing unconditional positive regard
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In 1937 an Italian neurologist names Cerletti developed a way to induce seizures? What method did he develop?
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Using electrical shock to indice convulsions
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Cognitive therapies are more
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directive than humanistic therapies
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Assisting individuals to develop the skills they need to control their own lives is a concept known as
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empowerment