”The Time Machine” by HG Wells illustrated life in Britain at the end of the Victorian era
”The Time Machine” by HG Wells illustrated life in Britain at the end of the Victorian era

”The Time Machine” by HG Wells illustrated life in Britain at the end of the Victorian era

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”The Time Machine” by Herbert George Wells was published in 1895. At that time in Britain, the industrial revolution was taking place. The industrial revolution saw substantial change in Victorian Britain. The population was increasing, industry and travel had changed due to the invention of steam trains, electricity, and spinning jenny’s.

More people left the countryside to find work in mayor cities, factories were popping up across the country. The entire nation was changing in industry, society, and culture. All these inventions along with the industrial revolution saw massive change in Victorian Brittan.The population was escalating and there was increase in fear. All this fear brought about sci-fi. Chemistry and Physics developed as separate disciplines and Darwin made his discoveries in evolution.

It is not surprising therefore; that the Victorians became interested in speculating about what man might be capable of, this introduced science fiction. Science fiction was taking of very well as authors such as Allen Poe and Mary Shelley (Frankenstein) came out. Progress was central to the Victorian era, as the benefits of the Industrial Revolution spread worldwide.Yet technology brought a dark side as well. Writers were starting to use sci-fi more.

On a more positive note, the nineteenth century was the period when modern science developed for the first time. However, it was also a start of new concepts one of them was classes; it affected everyone and included everyone. Herbert George Wells (1866-1946), English author and political philosopher, most famous for his science fiction romances that various


ly depict alien invasion, terrifying future societies, and transformed states of being; Author of ”the Time Machine”.H. G. Wells was very much a free thinker, although born into ‘Victorian society’ he rebelled against many of the accepted norms and values of that society.

Apart from the foretold, Wells was also a campaigner for equality and education for all. Classes have been around since the start of society but most historians reckon it developed around the Roman Empire and the ancient Egyptians. It can be described as an invisible barrier. Yet people did not take interest in the classes but as it became more evident and more divided people like Wells started to campaign for equality and education.Wells was aware of the classes and he was trying to inform the people. At that, time society in Brittan was hardly equal.

There was an ever-expanding gap between the working class and the upper class. Wells tries to show this using emphatisez in the novel. The working class kept the country running, economically, by producing and manufacturing. Whilst the upper class were people leisure and hunting. Their inherited money privileged them and they lived from selling land to factories owners. There was great desire for leisure sports, hunting and outings: as it showed that, you were wealthy.

Overall Wells portrays the classes, as a negative effect of the Industrial Revolution. He also tries to tell the people that this effect might worsen and last forever and lead to a division in society as seen in the novel. However, it can be argued that many Victorian people would not have understood what Wells was trying

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to achieve. The novel tackles the aspects of classes. When the time traveller travels to the future, he discovers that classes will eventually lead to the division of society.In the novel, the eloi and morlocks roles are overstated to the extent that its characteristics fit their roles and are kept in context to be able to relate it to their current roles.

Wells description, of the future civilisation. Which consist of eloi and morlocks. Even though the novel uses a lot of exaggeration, it is strikingly similar to the Victorian civilisation. The novel uses science fiction to show the differences between the classes. Wells uses exaggeration on the roles of the classes by dividing humanity into two different beings and communities.

This sums up what he is trying to project.The fact that society will be changing; classes will be the dividing factor of the people. Therefore, Society will be split into two. The morlocks and the eloi. The morlocks, which represent the working class, have evolved into big hideous ape like creatures like a subterranean species of humankind that shy away from the light and work underground.

This implies that they have been, degraded during the centuries: that they are socially and physically lower than the eloi. The eloi live above ground and enjoy a seemingly relaxing life in which they don not even work for as they wander among the ruins of an earlier society.At first, it seems to the time-traveller that having eliminated all natural threats, the Eloi have, deteriorated and degenerated into their current state of innocence. Innocence as if it seems a norm to compare them to children.

As, they have the characteristics of a child. Strolling lazily, sleeping, and eating, yet so beautiful. Very much, like the Victorian upper class. The eloi in fact their too perfect security of the upper world has led to a slow movement and dwindling in strength, size, and intelligence.This frightful description is used by wells to warn the upper class what they could end up like.

He does this to make sure that he does not make the eloi better than the morlock as he makes them out to be foolish and fragile. However, Wells does make sure to outline the inequalities. Through out the novel there are slight hints, which strongly support the fact that the novel illustrates that life in Britain at the end of the Victorian era. Over all I think that H. G Wells is trying to say that this is the way that the classes in Brittan will go if equality is not brought into society.

In the novel Wells portrays the morlocks as ‘ape like creatures’ with ‘strange large greyish red eyes’ almost like human spider. A subterranean species, of humankind that shy, away from the light and maintain strange technologies beneath the surface. He describes them as animals to show their inhuman behaviour and image. Wells does not describe the morlocks in depth, like the eloi. He does this to let the reader’s imagination create an image based on the brief description.

However, Wells does make sure to keep the morlocks description intact

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