The Silk Road and Ancient Trade: Crash Course World History #9 – Flashcards

question
Silk Road
answer
Overland route where merchants carried goods for trade
question
What were the two routes of the Silk Road
answer
- One that connected to Eastern Mediterranean to Central Asia - One that went from Central Asia to China
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What was the sea route used to reach Rome
answer
- The Mediterranean
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What was the sea route used to reach Japan
answer
- The Pacific
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What was traded on the Silk Road mostly by the Mediterraneans
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Olives, olive oil, and wine
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What was traded on the Silk Road mostly by the Indians
answer
Fine cotton textiles
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What was traded on the Silk Road mostly by the East Africans
answer
Ivory
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What was traded on the Silk Road mostly by the Arabians
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Incense and spices and tortoise shells
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What was traded on the Silk Road mostly by the Chinese
answer
- Silk (only produced in China for a millennium) - Raw materials like jade, silver, and iron
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What was the process used by the Chinese to create silk
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It was spun from the cocoons of mulberry tree-eating worms. The process was kept secret
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Why did the Chinese keep the formula to create silk secretive
answer
The lion's share of Chinese wealth came from slk production
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What did the Chinese use silk for
answer
Fishing line, to buy off nomadic raiders to keep things peaceful, and to write on (before they invented paper)
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What was silk mostly used for and why (as an export)
answer
- Clothing - It felt light in the summer and warm in the winter - Wearing clothes made of silk was a way of showing wealth
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Who were used for taking items from point A to point B
answer
Central Asian Nomadic Herders
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What was the Silk Road's wider economic impact
answer
- Very few people could afford silk but a lot of people devoted their lives in making silk - As the market grew more and more people wanted to go into silk production
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What were the ideas traded on the Silk Road
answer
- Primary route for the spread of Buddhism
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Mahayana Buddhism
answer
- The variation of Buddhism that took root in China, Korea, Japan, and Central Asia - Differed from Buddha's teachings in many ways - The Buddha is divine - Idea of Nirvana changed to a more heavenly perspective (in some cases there are many heavens)
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What were the diseases that spread through the Silk Road
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- Measles and Smallpox - Bubonic Plague
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Bubonic Plague
answer
- Also known as the Black Death - Came from the from the East to the West in 534, 750, and- most devastatingly- in 1346 - Resulted in the largest population decimation in human history
question
How many Europeans died in the four-year period of the Bubonic Plague.
answer
Nearly half of European population
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question
Silk Road
answer
Overland route where merchants carried goods for trade
question
What were the two routes of the Silk Road
answer
- One that connected to Eastern Mediterranean to Central Asia - One that went from Central Asia to China
question
What was the sea route used to reach Rome
answer
- The Mediterranean
question
What was the sea route used to reach Japan
answer
- The Pacific
question
What was traded on the Silk Road mostly by the Mediterraneans
answer
Olives, olive oil, and wine
question
What was traded on the Silk Road mostly by the Indians
answer
Fine cotton textiles
question
What was traded on the Silk Road mostly by the East Africans
answer
Ivory
question
What was traded on the Silk Road mostly by the Arabians
answer
Incense and spices and tortoise shells
question
What was traded on the Silk Road mostly by the Chinese
answer
- Silk (only produced in China for a millennium) - Raw materials like jade, silver, and iron
question
What was the process used by the Chinese to create silk
answer
It was spun from the cocoons of mulberry tree-eating worms. The process was kept secret
question
Why did the Chinese keep the formula to create silk secretive
answer
The lion's share of Chinese wealth came from slk production
question
What did the Chinese use silk for
answer
Fishing line, to buy off nomadic raiders to keep things peaceful, and to write on (before they invented paper)
question
What was silk mostly used for and why (as an export)
answer
- Clothing - It felt light in the summer and warm in the winter - Wearing clothes made of silk was a way of showing wealth
question
Who were used for taking items from point A to point B
answer
Central Asian Nomadic Herders
question
What was the Silk Road's wider economic impact
answer
- Very few people could afford silk but a lot of people devoted their lives in making silk - As the market grew more and more people wanted to go into silk production
question
What were the ideas traded on the Silk Road
answer
- Primary route for the spread of Buddhism
question
Mahayana Buddhism
answer
- The variation of Buddhism that took root in China, Korea, Japan, and Central Asia - Differed from Buddha's teachings in many ways - The Buddha is divine - Idea of Nirvana changed to a more heavenly perspective (in some cases there are many heavens)
question
What were the diseases that spread through the Silk Road
answer
- Measles and Smallpox - Bubonic Plague
question
Bubonic Plague
answer
- Also known as the Black Death - Came from the from the East to the West in 534, 750, and- most devastatingly- in 1346 - Resulted in the largest population decimation in human history
question
How many Europeans died in the four-year period of the Bubonic Plague.
answer
Nearly half of European population