The Judiciary of Texas Essay Example
The Judiciary of Texas Essay Example

The Judiciary of Texas Essay Example

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  • Pages: 2 (488 words)
  • Published: January 27, 2022
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Despite notable advancements in Texas, there remains a significant gap to improve its criminal justice system. Efforts have been made to achieve a system that is responsible, efficient, compassionate, and economical.

Statistics demonstrate the extensive representation of the criminal justice system in Texas, as about 1 in every 22 Texans are presently under supervision. Despite its reputation for being tough on crime and significant spending on incarceration, the system faces issues because it lacks sufficient investment in long-term diversion treatment. These issues become evident through problems with conviction and court practices, which contribute to unequal sentencing and overcrowded prisons and jails. Additionally, there is inadequate backing for public defender's offices and alternative defense delivery options, resulting in defendants being detained until their trial.

In the last decade, Texas has experienced significant changes in it


s criminal justice system, moving away from tough on-crime strategies to more intelligent alternatives. Due to budget crises, lawmakers have had to reduce funding in critical areas and redirect funds towards creating a framework aimed at saving taxpayer money, strengthening communities, and improving public safety. These challenges, along with an increasing prison population, have led to rising costs for the state's prisons. Projections suggest that Texas will allocate over $2.63 billion exclusively to this sector within the next five years alone. Among all states, Texas is known for having one of the largest prisoner populations and was even identified by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) in 2000 as having the highest number of incarcerated individuals nationwide. Furthermore, certain crimes committed in Texas can result in capital punishment according to state law.

The crimes covered in this section of the code encompass murder while committing

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robbery, burglary, sexual assault, arson or kidnapping, as well as the murder of a public safety officer or a person under six years old. Any offense falling within this category is eligible for the death penalty. These laws, combined with limited options for convicting offenders of lesser crimes, contribute to Texas having a substantial number of death sentences. In fact, Texas accounts for one-third of all executions in the United States. This prevalence of capital punishment in Texas underscores the inequality within the country's justice system.

Statistics indicate that the death penalty is administered fairly across racial groups, although a majority of those sentenced are African Americans. Between 1923 and 1964, white individuals made up 34.1% of death sentences, while African Americans constituted 56.3%. This disparity continues to exist today. To improve efficiency and equity, various recommendations have been proposed such as prioritizing public safety and immigration. A potential solution involves promoting effective law enforcement techniques by providing community members with knowledge about laws and policies that uphold fundamental principles, thereby decreasing the number of offenses.

By keeping a low rate of parole and probation revocation, the state can achieve significant cost savings. This will not only reduce the prison population but also promote equality and eliminate the need for future jail and prison construction.

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