Network Interface Card Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Network Interface Card?
A network interface card (NIC) is a computer hardware component that enables communication between a computer and a local area network. It is commonly referred to as an Ethernet adapter or LAN adapter, and it usually uses the Ethernet protocol to send and receive data over the network. It has both an input port, which receives data from the outside, and an output port, which sends data out. NICs are important components of any computer system because they provide an interface for connecting computers to networks such as the Internet or office intranet. They come in two forms: wired NICs and wireless NICs. Wired cards connect with cables to transmit information between devices while wireless cards use radio frequencies or infrared signals to transfer data without cables or wires. Using a NIC allows users to access file sharing services on a local area network (LAN) or wide area network (WAN). It also enables them to communicate with other computers through email, instant messaging programs, VoIP phone services, virtualization technology, web-based applications like social media sites, cloud computing resources like storage systems and servers on the internet. Additionally, NICs can be used for gaming consoles that provide internet access for online gaming sessions as well as home entertainment systems such as smart televisions that stream media content from streaming services like Netflix or Hulu Plus. In addition to providing connectivity on personal LANs and WANs, many commercial enterprises have adopted high-speed gigabit Ethernet network interface cards for use in corporate networks where speed and reliability are essential components of their success. Gigabit networking offers higher bandwidth capabilities than traditional 10/100Mbps networking solutions with speeds up to 1000 Mbps (1Gbps). This provides faster data transfers over larger distances making it ideal for businesses that need fast connection speeds between multiple locations without sacrificing quality of service across their entire infrastructure. In conclusion, Network Interface Cards are essential components of modern computing systems because they allow users access file sharing services as well as online applications like social media sites or video streaming services while remaining secure through encryption protocols like Advanced Encryption Standard (AES).