Tempera Paint, Watercolor

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Tempera
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any substance used to bind powdered pigment
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Egg yolk/ water added to pigment
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In the 10th century what was mixed with tempera to paint altar pieces and gessoed panels
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egg white
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in the 10th century, what was mixed with tempera to create medieval manuscript illustration
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powder, liquid
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In what two forms can tempera be purchased?
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opaque, dries to a matte finish, cover a previously painted area
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Name three characteristics of dry tempera paint
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liquid starch, acrylic gel
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Name two substances that can be mixed with tempera paint to make it more durable
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finely ground pigments
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what is liquid tempera made from
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versatility
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why do designers and artists use tempera paint
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plasticized starch
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what makes tempera paint chip resistant
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adhesive ability
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what allows tempera to stick to glass
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high rag content
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because of its maximum durability, what do artist prefer to paint
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high cost
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why is high rag content use limited
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construction paper, mat board, any heavy paper with non-shiny surface
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three other surfaces appropriate to use with tempera paint
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judge color relationships more accurately
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why is gray paper a good choice
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to keep it from becoming tattered on the edges
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why apply masking tape around the edges of the paper used for tempera painting?
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watercolor
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tempera brushes may also be used for what other type of paint
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round brushes
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what type of synthetic brush retains a fine point and carries much paint
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#3, #4
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what size brush is used for detail
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#8, #12
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what size brush is used for larger areas
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less control
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brushes that lack resilience or are too limp allow
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painterly effect
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what effect does a bristle brush give
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flick it with thumb
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what should you use to spatter paint
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spray bottle
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what applies a lot of color
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achieved with opaque paint by overlapping shapes
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how can transparency be implied
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impressionists, pointillists
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what two art movements let the viewer mix color with their eye rather than the artist mixing the color on a palette
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transparent watercolor
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what is the most popular water-based medium among professional artists
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aquarelle
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what is another name for transparent watercolor
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18th
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in what century did the transparent watercolor become popular in England
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tinting medium used to color ink drawing, make sketches for oil painting
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before transparent watercolor became popular on its own, what two purposes did it have
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America
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although watercolor, was popular in England, where did it become a major painting medium
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prime means of expression
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around 1880, Winslow Homer made his ___ while exhibiting his finished work for public view.
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personal feeling
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what did John Marin emphasize with his watercolor paintings
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structure and mood
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what did Edward Hopper stress with its watercolors
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nature
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Charles Burchfield made us change our mind about what with his watercolor paintings
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texture, covering quality, luminosity
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transparent watercolors are not purely transparent, they differ in what three ways from tempera and other opaque watermedia
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amount of water
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since white is rarely used in transparent watercolor, how are degrees of color intensity and tints determined
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wash
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color mixed with water
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variety of intensities that characterize the medium
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what is produced when washes are applied to white paper and that allows the white to glow through the colors
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tubes, cakes, pans
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in what forms can watercolors be purchased
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tube
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which type is the most moist and intense in hue
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pan color
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which type requires more vigorous brushwork to pick up color
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Europe
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where are most of the best watercolor papers made
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500
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how many pieces of paper are in a ream
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400
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heavy watercolor paper can weight ___ pounds
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hot press paper
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which type of watercolor paper is smooth
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cold press paper
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which type of watercolor is rought
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buckle
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what happens when thin paper becomes wet
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animal hair
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what are most watercolor brushes made from
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help keep brushes clean, easier to mix
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why should water containers be large

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