Charter of 1732
A written grant/permission to establish (create) the colony of Georgia; outlines the reasons for Georgia’s founding, regulations (rules) set up by the trustees, and boundary lines.

An individual or organization that manages and invest assets for the benefit of another. A group of 21 men who established and governed the colony of Georgia.

Trustee Period
(1732-1751)- time period when Georgia was governed by the trustees. The trustees created many regulations (rules), icluding a ban on slavery, liquor, lawyers, and Catholics.

One of the reasons for Georgia’s founding. James Oglethrope and the trustees hoped to bring debtors and England’s “worthy poor” to the colony to begin new lives. However no debtor was ever relaeased from debtors’ prison to come to Georgia.

Someone who owes more money to creditors than they have; in 18th Century England, people who owed money could be places in debtors’ prisons. James Oglethrope had a friend who dies in debtors’ prison and fought for prison reform in England.

One of the three reasons for Georgia’s founding. The English hopes that Georgia would be able to produce wine, rice, indigo, silk, and tobacco.

James Oglethorpe
(1696-1785)- estbablished the colony of Georgia; signed the Treaty of Savannah in 1733 with Tomochichi to build the town of Savannah; recruited Salzburgers and Highland Scots to Georgia.

Chief of the Yamacraw Indians. Signed the Treaty of 1733 with James Oglethrope allowing the colony of Georgia of Yamcraw territory in Savannah; later visited the King od England.

Mary Musgrove
(1700-1763)- biracial Creek Indian woman (father English/ mother Creek) nwho served as the translator for James Oglethrope and Yamacraw Chief Tomochichi.

Colonial capital of Georgia; founded in 1733 by James Oglethrope; innovative design and layout as a grid system with town sqaures; known as “America’s first planned city”.

Yamacraw Bluff
Where Tomochichi and the Yamacraw Indians lived; the land was on higher ground about 40 feet above the banks of the Savannah River; site of the city of Savannah about 16 miles inland.

Fourteen Jews were offered land by Oglethrope because of their help in saving the colony; established the oldest Jewish congregation in the South and the third oldest in the United States.

Protestans from Austria who were persecuted (mistreated religioulsy); Oglethrope invited them to settle in Georgia; created the town of New Ebenezer; successful colonists and against slavery.

Highlander Scots
James Oglethrope recruited fighters from Scotland to Georgia to serve as soldiers to protect the colony for Spanish invasions (fought in the Battle of Bloody Marsh); founded the town of Darien.

One of the reasons for Georiga’s founding to create a “buffer colony” to protect from Spanish invasions and hostile Indians who were allies with Spanish.

Buffer Colony
Georgia colony was to serve as defensive buffer between Spanish Florida and the successful English colony of South Carolina. The land in between (Georgia) was considered ‘debatable’.

Colonists who complained about the trustee rules for the Georgia colony, especially the ban on slavery, rum, limits on land, womens’ rights and voting rights.

Royal period
(1752-1830) Trustees ended their rule of the colony and returned power to King George III who appointed royal governers to take over leadership of the colony.

Royal governors
Leaders appointed (chosen) by the English Monarch (King) to run a colony, Georgia had three of these executive leaders that ruled the colony: John REynolds, Henry Ellis, and James Wright.