Speech Chapter 10-19

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A speaker says, “How long will America continue to be plagued with child abuse?” This is an example of ________________ question.
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a rhetorical
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Rhetorical questions should be avoided in introductions.
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False
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The part of the introduction that is designed to get your audience’s attention and interest is called the orienting material.
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False
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The text quotes the old speechmaking formula, “Tell ’em what you’re going to tell ’em. Tell ’em. Then tell ’em what you told ’em.” The last sentence refers to
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The Summary
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You can signal the end of a speech with
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Both verbal and nonverbal signs
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Most attorneys believe that courtroom battles are won because of the effectiveness of
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both the opening statement and the closing argument
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Informing the audience of your qualifications to speak on a topic is
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recommended to build credibility
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All members of an audience listen attentively for the first 30 seconds of a speech.
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False
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In the introduction, it is acceptable to tell a hypothetical narrative (a story that did not actually happen).
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True
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You should never bring new main points into the conclusion.
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True
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Using notes in a speech
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shows preparedness and respect for the audience
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A good time to use a topic outline is
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in the early stages of preparation, when you are brainstorming and putting down your ideas
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An outline has a title, but the speaker does not actually say it in the speech
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True
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In an outline, it is incorrect to have _________________________ under a heading.
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only one subheading
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Main points in outlines are represented by Roman numerals (I, II, III, and so on).
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True
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For your speaking notes on a piece of paper or note card, you should
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write on only one side
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When no time limit is set for a speech, the speaker should talk
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Briefly
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According to the text, the body of a speech should have its own numbering sequence in the outline, independent of the introduction and conclusion.
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True
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It is acceptable to write quotations in full on your speaking notes.
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True
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Speaking notes should be written in complete sentences.
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False
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“Passed away” instead of “died” is an example of a euphemism.
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True
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Which one of the following is incorrect grammatically?
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This news is just between you and I
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“A deferred dream dries up like a raisin in the sun” is an example of a metaphor.
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False
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Honesty is
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An abstract word
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The emotional meaning attached to a word is its
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Connotation
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The text says that grammatical errors in a speech distract the audience and can cause the speaker to lose
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credibility with the audience
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“Blind as a bat” is an example of
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cliché
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“The stars are like diamonds in the sky.” This is an example of
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A simile
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“The deafening din of dynamite” is an example of antithesis.
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False
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The best way to convey complex ideas is to use complex language.
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False
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If nonverbal communication contradicts verbal messages, listeners will accept _________________________ as the true message.
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the nonverbal
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A speech should be practiced point by point, not word for word.
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true
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Which method of delivery involves speaking on the spur of the moment with no chance to prepare?
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impromptu
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In a manuscript speech, the text recommends inserting slanting lines to indicate
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a pause
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The PREP (Position, Reason, Example, Position) template is recommended for __________________ speeches.
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impromptu
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The extemporaneous method of delivery involves speaking on the spur of the moment with no chance to prepare.
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False
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In an oral presentation, if you say, “I’m happy to speak to you today,” but your facial expression shows unhappiness, your audience is most likely to assume that
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You are unhappy about speaking
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Which aspect of nonverbal communication is considered a “figurative handshake?”
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Eye Contact
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If you are asked to speak impromptu in five minutes, the first thing you should do is decide
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Your Conclusion
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If you don’t receive any questions during the question-and-answer period, you must have failed to stimulate the audience’s interest in the topic.
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False
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According to the text, one of the goals of informative speaking is to convey what kind of information?
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fresh
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“To inform my audience how a thunderstorm forms” is an example of a specific purpose statement for a process speech.
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true
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“To tell my audience about the life of Florence Nightingale” is a specific purpose statement for which type of speech?
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description
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“To explain to my listeners the meaning of capitalism in modern society” is a specific purpose statement for a process speech.
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False
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An explanation speech is not appropriate for a college classroom speech.
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False
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In a process speech, the goal is always to teach the listeners how to perform the process themselves.
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False
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An ancient Chinese proverb says, “I hear, and I forget. I see, and I remember. I do, and I ____________________.”
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Understand
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One of the goals of informative speaking is to convey fresh information.
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True
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Of the three main channels for learning information, the visual is the strongest.
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False
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Calling on people at random is a technique that the text recommends for long presentations.
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True
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The text advocates applying pressure to those listeners who are reluctant to take action on a proposal.
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False
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In a speech of refutation, deeply held beliefs are easier to demolish than a set of erroneous facts.
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False
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Persuading people to stop smoking is an example of a
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speech to motivate action
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A DVD about your speech topic, given to listeners at the end of your speech, is an example of what the book calls
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a leave-behind
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The visualization step of the motivated sequence offers a scenario that can be
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either positive or negative
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Convincing your audience that democracy is expanding in China is an example of a
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speech to influence thinking
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Which of the following would be a mistake if offered as take-home material?
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a transcript of the speech
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The statement-of-reasons pattern is a good method of organization when the audience leans toward your position but needs some justification for that leaning.
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True
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The speech to motivate action can try to stimulate either positive or negative action.
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True
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The final step in the motivated sequence is
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Action
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A spine-tingling tale of adventure would be most appropriate for which kind of speech?
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entertaining speech
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A speech of tribute should
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focus on the significance of a person’s life and deeds
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Which kind of speech would you be most likely to deliver to an evening banquet?
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entertaining
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Which kind of liquid can be used for a toast in the United States and Canada, but should be avoided in some other cultures
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water
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In a speech of introduction, you should
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use the name the speaker prefers
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The safest kind of joke is
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self-deprecating
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A speech of introduction should be kept under _______ minutes.
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3
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Before you give a speech of introduction, you should coordinate your remarks with the speaker’s. The primary reason for doing so is to avoid
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stealing the speakers material
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A key objective of the ____________________ speech is to get the speaker and audience interested in each other.
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introduction
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An inspirational speech is often similar to
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persuasive
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“Because Germans are the smartest engineers in the world, you should buy a German-made car.” This speaker is guilty of using what kind of fallacy in reasoning?
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a. building on an unproven assumption
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A speaker says, “There is no need for me to refute Senator Smith’s ideas about regulating professional baseball. Senator Smith is unqualified to speak on baseball because he has never played any sport on the high school, collegiate, or professional level.” This speaker is guilty of using which type of fallacy in reasoning?
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attack on a person
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In persuasive speaking, it is unethical for the speaker to stir up both positive and negative emotions.
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False
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In Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, physiological needs must be met before a person can try to satisfy esteem needs.
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True
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Which type of logical fallacy diverts listeners from the real issue to an unrelated matter?
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red herring
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A speaker says, “I knew a red-headed kid in third grade who was always getting into fights on the playground. And I know two red heads who are easily angered. I guess you can say that red heads are quick-tempered people.” The speaker is guilty of using which kind of fallacy in reasoning?
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hasty generalization
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A speaker says, “People who favor gun control want to turn our society over to the criminals. Therefore, we must ignore these gun-control advocates.” This speaker is guilty of using which kind of fallacy in reasoning?
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straw man
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“Everyone is drinking strawberry lemonade for good health, and so should you.” This is an example of which type of logical fallacy?
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bandwagon
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In a persuasive speech, conceding that your ideas do not work in all cases
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strengthens your credibility
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A speaker says, “People who favor gun control want to turn our society over to the criminals. Therefore, we must ignore these gun-control advocates.” This speaker is guilty of using which kind of fallacy in reasoning?
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straw man
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A written record of the group’s activities during a meeting is called the
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Minutes
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At the beginning of a meeting, the leader should review the purpose of the meeting and the scope of the group’s power.
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True
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Writer H.L. Mencken is quoted as saying that for every human problem, “there is always an easy solution—neat, plausible, and ________.”
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Wrong
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A hidden agenda is an effective technique for small group meetings.
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False
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Brainstorming by a small group resulted in which successful product?
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Image-capture chips in digital cameras
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Meetings are sometimes sabotaged by participants who have
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A hidden agenda
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In the famous Coca-Cola fiasco involving “New Coke” in the 1980s, the soft drink maker erred by choosing a solution that was ______________ but wrong.
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Easy
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In a meeting, the group leader should forbid
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attacks on people or ideas
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For panel moderators, open-ended questions are the best way to stimulate discussion.
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True
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Alterations to an agenda should be made by participants
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at the start of the meeting
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For a speech on the history of a Native American family in Arizona, which organizational pattern would you be most likely to choose?
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chronological
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Bridges and internal summaries should never be used together.
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False
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The first thing speakers should create for their speech is the
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Body
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Discussing your speech’s key ideas with a knowledgeable source is called
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An expert check
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For a speech explaining how to bake bread, which organizational pattern would be used?
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chronological
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A speaker says, “What I am going to explain now will help you understand the rest of the speech.” Which device is the speaker using?
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spotlight
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When you are organizing your material, each note card should be limited to how many ideas?
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One
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Which organizational pattern is especially popular in persuasive speeches?
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Problem-solution
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Your main points should be created before you formulate your central idea.
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False
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A speaker discusses three types of work dogs. Which pattern is the speaker using?
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Topical

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