Speech Ch. 15

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What is the characteristic that differentiates an informative speech and a persuasive speech?
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Objective
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What is objective?
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Presents facts + info in a straightforward + evenhanded way, free of influence from speakers personal thoughts and opinions.
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What is the characteristic that differentiates a persuasive speech and an informative speech?
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subjective
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What is subjective?
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Presents facts + info from a particular point of view
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What is an effective speech about another person?
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Focuses on person’s human qualities + his/her achievements
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What are the two types of process speeches?
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1.Explains how something works or develops 2.Teaches how to do something
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What are concepts?
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Abstract, complex ideas, or theories
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What is included in an informative speech about issues?
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Provides an overview or reports a problem 2 increase understanding and awareness
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What do plan + policy speeches help try and get the audience to understand?
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Potential courses of action
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What are potential topics for an informative presentation?
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1.People 2.Places 3.Objects 4.Events 5.Processes 6.Concepts 7.Issues 8.Plans + policies
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What is a descriptive presentation?
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Speaker tries to paint a mental picture 4 audience 2 portray places, events, persons, objects, or processes clearly + vividly. Begins w/ well-structured idea of what you want 2 describe + why + as you go through you emphasize important details.
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What is a demonstrative presentation?
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Answers “how” questions. Begin w/ clear statement of purpose + follow a straightforward + organized pattern.
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What are definitional speeches?
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Provide answers 2 “what” questions
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What is an operational definition?
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Explains what it is or what it does
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What is negation?
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Defining something by telling what it is not
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What is definition by etymology?
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Uses origin of word or phrase
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What are the different types of definitional speeches?
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1.Operational definition 2.Negation 3.Definition by example 4.Definition by synonym 5.Definition by etymology
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What are explanatory speeches?
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Answer questions “Why?” or “What does this mean?” Provides reasons or causes + shows relationships among things Uses interpretation + analysis
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What are elucidating explanations?
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Details that illuminate concept’s meaning + use. Define a concept by listing critical features. Presents opportunities 4 audience to distinguish examples from contrasting examples by looking 4 concept’s critical features. Contrasts examples of concept.
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What are Quasi-scientific explanations?
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Provide model or picture of key dimensions of some phenomenon. Highlights main points w/ titles, organizing analogies, presentational aids, sign posts, transitional phrases, + connectors.
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What are Transformative explanations?
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Help speakers transform theories about phenomena into accepted notions.
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What are the different types of explanatory speeches?
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1.Elucidating explanations 2.Quasi-scientific explanations 3.Transformative explanations
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What are the approaches of conveying info?
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1.Descriptive presentation 2.Demonstration speeches 3.Definitional speeches 4. Explanatory Speeches
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What is one thing to make sure about your speeches?
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Topic connects to daily lives of audience
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What is a preview device?
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Tells audience what you are going to cover
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What is a concluding summary?
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Reviews what audience heard during speech
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What are good visual aids 4 informative speeches?
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Slides, handouts, graphs, + flowcharts

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