Sociology Test Chapter 1

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political science
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social science that studies such things as government and voting patterns.
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Herbert Spencer
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Sociologist who was influenced by Charles Darwin.
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Social Psychology
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Social Science that focuses on individual personality.
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Dysfunction
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A negative consequence an element has for the stability of society.
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Symbolic Interaction
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Interaction between people that takes place through the use of symbols.
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Conflict Perspective
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Theoretical perspective that follows the tradition of Karl Marx.
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Economics
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Social Science that examines the choices people make to satisfy their wants and needs.
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August Comte
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The founder of Sociology.
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Function
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A positive consequence an element has for the stability of society.
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Sociological Imagination
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The ability to see the connection between the larger social world and our personal lives.
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Max Weber
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Social Darwinism is to Herbert Spencer as ideal type is to whom.
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Psychology
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The social science that studies the behavior and thinking of organisms.
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Verstehen
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Empathetic understanding of the meanings others attach to their actions
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Interactionist Perspective
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The theoretical perspective that emphasizes the use of symbols.
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Manifest Function
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Intended and recognized consequence of some element of society
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Sociological Imagination
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American sociologist, C. Wright Mills. above all, “think ourselves” from the familiar routines of our daily lives to look at them anew
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Industrial Revolution
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The development of sociology as a field of study was encouraged by this.
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Theory
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A systematic explanation of the relationship among phenomena.
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Functionalist Sociologists
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People who study the societal consequences of the development of computers would probably be done by this person.
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Karl Marx
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He believed that the economy influences social structure.
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Latent Function
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An unintended and unrecognized consequence of some element of society
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Emile Durkheim
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He systematically applied the methods of science to the study of society.
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2 Classes according to Marx
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Bourgeoisie(not Capitalists) and Proletariat.
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Sociologist
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One who studies how cultures or groups act and behave in their everyday world.
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Anthropology
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science dealing with the origin, races, customs, and beliefs of humankind

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