Sociology Module 6

sexuality is both an important and controversial element of social life
A reason to study sexuality using the sociological perspective is

Sex
Which of the following concepts refers to the biological distinction between males and females?

secondary sex characteristics
The development of breasts in females and deeper voices in males are examples of

Primary sex characteristics
Which of the following concepts refers to genitals that distinguish females and males

Intersexual
Which concept refers to humans who have some combination of female and male sexual characteristics?

a transsexual
If you often have the feeling of being “trapped in the wrong body,” you might be

although sex has a biological foundation, sexual practices vary from place to place as an element of the culture
Comparative research indicates that

sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives
One norm found everywhere is the invest taboo, which refers to norms forbidding

limits sexual competition within families
The incest taboo

Half of the states
About what share of the states in this country have laws that permit marriage between first cousins?

It began in the 1940s and then grew quickly in the late 1960s
When did the sexual revolution truly come of age?

making sexuality a focus of scientific study
The important of Alfred Kinsey’s research on sexuality in the United States was

1980
The sexual counterrevolution had begun in the United States by

to encourage people to limit their number of sexual partners or, in some cases, to abstain from sex entirely
The effect of the sexual counterrevolution was

the public is more accepting of premarital sex than it was a generation ago
Survey research on attitudes towards premarital sex tells us that

there are striking differences in sexual experience within the U.S. population
According to the Laumann study of sexual patterns among U.S. adults,

81 percent; 88 percent
Research on extramarital sex shows that about ____ of married men and about ____ of married women remain faithful to their spouse throughout their married lives

Sexual orientation
Which of the following concepts refers to a person’s romantic and emotional attraction to another person?

Homosexuality
Sexual attraction to someone of the same sex is called

bisexuality
Sexual attraction to people of both sexes is called

asexuality
Sarah feels little or no sexual attraction to people of either sex. Her sexual orientation is called

human biology, although social experience plays some role.
The majority of evidence indicates that sexual orientation is rooted in

About 46 percent
In 2012, about what percentage of U.S. adults claimed homosexuality is “always wrong” or “almost always wrong”?

28 percent; 14 percent
About ____ of men and ___ of women in the United States claim to have a homosexual identity.

fear of close personal interaction with people thought to be gay, lesbian, or bisexual
The concept of “homophobia” refers to

teenage women with low incomes and weak families
The category of teenagers with the highest probability of pregnancy is

poor nations, where women have fewer economic opportunities
From a global perspective, prostitution is most common in

call girls or escorts
Elite prostitutes-young, attractive, and well-educated women-are widely referred to as

they believe that adults should be able to do as they please as long as no one is harmed
Many people call prostitution a victimless crime because

in most cases of rape, the victim does not know the attacker
A common myth is that

women who are raped must have encouraged their attackers
A widespread-but false-idea about rape is that

social norms regarding sexuality become more permissive
Based on what you know about the history of human sexuality, once a society gains birth-control technology

the more variety we see in the meanings people attach to sexuality
The more global our view of sexuality

has become weaker
If you were to study the changing meaning of virginity over the last century in our society, you would discover that the norm stating that people remain virgins until marriage

the social-conflict approach
The ways in which sexuality is linked to social inequality is highlighted by

there is a heterosexual bias in U.S. society
Queer theory is a growing body of knowledge asserting that

abortion
The text suggests that the most widely contested issue involving sexuality in the United States in recent years has been

42 percent
According to national survey data, about what percentage of adults in the United States state that a woman should be able to obtain an abortion for any reason