Sociology Final T/F Ch4-6

question

False
answer

Rationality involves people sharing the same values and performing the same tasks.
question

True
answer

A voluntary association is typically a nonprofit organization formed to pursue some common interest.
question

True
answer

Accommodation is a state of balance between cooperation and conflict.
question

True
answer

Role conflict occurs when fulfilling the role of expectations of one status makes it difficult to fulfill the role expectations of another status.
question

False
answer

Competition occurs when two or more people or groups work together to achieve a goal that will benefit more than one person.
question

False
answer

In a horticultural society animals are used to pull plows to till the fields.
question

False
answer

The in-group represents people that interact with one another regularly on the Internet.
question

False
answer

In a preindustrial society much of the economy is involved in providing information and services.
question

False
answer

The socially determined behaviors expected of a person performing a role are called role performances.
question

True
answer

Ascribed statuses are not based on an individual’s abilities, efforts, or accomplishments.
question

True
answer

Heredity characteristics include body build, hair type, eye color, and skin pigmentation.
question

True
answer

Aptitude is the capacity to learn a particular skill or acquire a particular body of knowledge.
question

False
answer

Instinct is a changing, biologically inherited behavior pattern.
question

False
answer

Our personalities are not influenced by whether or not we have brothers, sisters, both, or neither.
question

True
answer

Cultural environments determine the basic types of personalities that will be found in society.
question

True
answer

Subcultural differences, i.e. the type of neighborhood in which an individual is raised, also affect personality.
question

True
answer

Sociologists found that the effects of institutionalization on infants, i.e. lack of a caring environment, will result in slower development of their mental, physical, and emotional skills.
question

True
answer

Socialization is the interactive process through which people learn the basic skills, values, beliefs, and behavior patterns of a society.
question

False
answer

Tabula Rasa theory believes that individuals are born with some personality.
question

False
answer

Charles Horton Cooley devised the Tabula Rasa theory.
question

False
answer

The looking-glass self refers to the non-active process by which we develop an image of ourselves based on how we imagine we appear to others.
question

True
answer

Role-taking forms the basis of the socialization process by allowing us to anticipate what others expect of us, thus learning to see ourselves through the eyes of others.
question

False
answer

Significant others are individuals that are not of any significance to help form our socialization.
question

False
answer

As we grow older, significant others become more important.
question

True
answer

In the United States, the primary agents of socialization include the family, the peer group, the school, and the mass media.
question

False
answer

The family is the least important agent of socialization in almost every society.
question

False
answer

Peer group socialization is the same as family socialization.
question

True
answer

Mass media is a form of socialization.
question

True
answer

Total institutions are primarily concerned with resocializing their members to help them learn new values and norms.
question

True
answer

Resocialization is directed toward changing an individual’s personality and social behavior.
question

False
answer

Adolescence is universal.
question

False
answer

Puberty is generally considered to run from the ages of 12 to 19.
question

True
answer

Education in the United States is mandatory up to age 16.
question

False
answer

There are generally eight characteristics that apply to all adolescents.
question

True
answer

Puberty is one aspect of adolescence that is found in every society.
question

True
answer

Courtship was seen as an event that eventually would lead to marriage.
question

True
answer

The main purpose of dating is entertainment.
question

False
answer

The dating system is not flexible as opposed to the courtship system that existed prior to dating.
question

False
answer

Willard Waller, from his early study at Penn State, found that dating was a form of entertainment and helped one select a mate.
question

False
answer

This study also found that status attainment and excitement were not at the center of the dating process.
question

True
answer

Homogamy is the tendency of of individuals to marry people who have social characteristics similar to their own.
question

True
answer

In traditional dating patterns, dating behavior usually followed a ritual pattern that all understood.
question

True
answer

A survey completed by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) found that by 1995 the rate of sexual activity had increased 50 percent based on the same ages from data used in 1970.
question

False
answer

Social and economic factors have been found not to influence early sexual activity as it was once thought.
question

True
answer

Consequences of early sexual activity are often negative.
question

False
answer

Hallucinogens are the most widely used illegal drugs among high school seniors based on a survey between 1990 and 2001.
question

True
answer

The social problems of teenage drug and alcohol abuse are contributing factors to the rate of suicide among young people in the United States.
question

False
answer

Emile Durkheim’s study revealed that low levels of social integration can lead to increased rates of suicide because group members place the needs of the group above their own personal needs.
question

True
answer

Suicide rates increase during periods of social disorganization because the norms that govern behavior weaken or become less clear.
question

True
answer

Suicide cuts across all social categories, including sex, economic levels, race, religion, and nationalities.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member