Sociology Final #1-53

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The systematic study of human society
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Sociology
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Peter Burger describes using the sociology perspective as seeing the_______ in the_________ ?
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General in the particular
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The chapters sociology analysis of childbearing around the world suggests that the number born to a women reflects what?
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Whether she lives in a poor or rich society
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According to Emile Durkheim, categories of people with a higher suicide rate typically have what?
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Lower Social Integration
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In the US today, who has the highest suicide rates?
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White Males
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IF social marginality encourages sociological thinking, we would expect people in which category to make the most use of the sociological perspective
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Disabled persons or people who are a racial minority
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The US falls within what category of the world’s nations?
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High income nations
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The term \”sociology\” was coined in 1838 by who?
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Auguste Comte
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The statement that explains how and why specific facts are related is called a-
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Theory
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The theoretical approach in sociology that assumes society is a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidity
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Structural-Functional Approach
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The recognized and intended consequences of a social pattern
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Manifest Functions
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A limitation of the structural functional approach is that-
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Focuses on stability at the expense of conflict
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Social conflict approach draws attention to-
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Patterns in social inequality
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Looking at the operation of US schools, the social-conflict approach might lead a sociologist to conclude that-
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Tracking provides some students with far better schooling than others
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The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for-
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Being openly political
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A sociologist using the gender-conflict approach might state that-
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In many ways, men are in positions of power over women
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Which of the following examples illustrates a micro-level focus?
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Studying body language of two people getting to know one another
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Which theoretical approach claims that it is not so much what people do that matters as much as what meaning they attach to their behavior?
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Symbolic-Interaction Approach
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1,2,3,4,10. what is the median volume?
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3
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The ideal of objectivity means that a researcher must-
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Try to adopt a sense of personal neutrality toward the outcome of the research
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The US is the most __________ of all countries
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Multi-Cultural
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The beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that together make up the way of life for a group of people
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Culture
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Intangible world of ideas created by a member of society
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Non-material culture
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Cars, computers, and iPhones are all examples of what?
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Material culture
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Among all life forms, Humans stand out as the only species that-
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relies on culture to ensure survival
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A social group toward which a person feels competition or opposition
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An out-group
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a \”triad is-
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A social group with three members
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Formal organizations are:
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Large secondary groups with a goal orientation
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A prisoner would consider a maximum security prison as-
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A coercive organization
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the concept \”Bureaucracy\” refers to-
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Organizational model rationally designed to perform tasks efficiently
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a preoccupation which rules and regulates
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Bureaucratic ritualism
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In the iron law of oligarchy, Robert Michael states that burr means:
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The few rule the many
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One of the tratits linked to the process of mcdonaldization is:
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Efficiency
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A reason to study sexuality using the sociological perspective is-
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Sexuality is both important and controversial
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The biological distinction between males and females
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Sex
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Development of breasts in females and deeper voices in males are examples of:
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Secondary sex characteristics
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Humans who have some combination of male and female sexual characteristics
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Intersexual
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Having the feeling of being trapped in the wrong body
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Transsexual
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The incest taboo refers to norms forbidding what?
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Sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives
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About what share of the states have laws that permit marriage between first cousins
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Half of the states
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When did the sexual revolution begin?
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It began in the 1940s and grew quickly in the 1960s
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The sexual counterrevolution began in the US by:
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1980
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Survey research on attitudes towards premarital sex tells us that-
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The public is more accepting of premarital sex than it was a generation ago
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a persons romantic and emotional attraction to another person
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Sexual orientation
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Feeling little or no sexual attraction to people of either sex
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Asexuality
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Homophobia refers to:
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Fear of close personal interaction with people though to be gay, lesbian, or bisexual
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From a global perspective, prostitution is most common in:
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Poor nations where women have fewer economic oppportunities
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Considered to be the most elite prostitutes
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Call girls or escorts
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Prostitution is regarded by many as what type of crime?
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Victimless crime
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Changing meaning of virginity over the last century, you would discover what about the norm of people staying virgins till marriage
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It has become weaker
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The recognized violation of cultural norms
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Deviance
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Crime differs from deviance in the crime:
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Refers to a violation of norms enacted into law
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Every society tries to regulate the behavior of individuals
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Social control

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