Sociology Chapter 9 and 10

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What is the definition of murder?
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the unlawful intentional killing of one person by another which includes intention of doing a wrongful act– malice aforthought
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What are Ponzi Schemes?
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promising high rates or return with little risk to invertors generates return for older investors by acquiring new investors
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Which part of the brain is most closely associated with violent behavior?
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Cortex, particularly the frontal lobe
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Conflict theorist crime explanation
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It cause by the terms of power differential or economic inequality in society. It pointed out how inequalities of power, class, race and gender can contribute to criminal behavior.
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Functionalist theoretical explanation of crime
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high pressure in society results in high rates of crime and it is more likely to occur when \”anomie\” is present.
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Symbolic interactionist
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criminal behavior is learned through everyday interaction with others
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What is strain theory?
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when people feel strain when they are exposed to cultural goals they cannot reach because they don’t have the access to achieve those goals.
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What is control theory>
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when people are constantly pulled and pushed towards deviant behavior
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What were Robert Meron’s ideas about society’s goals?
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People respond to cultural goals five different ways: conformity, innovation, ritualism, retreatism, and rebellion.
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What is differential association theory?
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individuals have a greater tendency to deviate from society norms when they associate with people who tend towards deviance rather than conformity.
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Labeling theory?
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delinquent and criminals who have been successfully labled by others.
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Aggravated assault?
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the unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily harm.
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What is the life expectancy rate for different minority groups?
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70.2 years for male, 77.2 for female
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What is disability?
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Physical limitation
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What is HIV?
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a virus called human immunodeficiency virus passed through blood-to-blood and sexual contact
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How is AIDS transmitted?
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through body fluids and sexual encounters
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Difference between mental illness and mental disorder?
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Mental illness: a condition that requires extensive treatments with medication, psychotherapy, and sometimes hospitalization. Mental disorder: a condition that makes it difficult to cope with daily life.
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The highest rate of serious mental illness among US adults is for persons of what age group?
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18-25
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What is medicare?
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federal health insurance program for 65 years and older
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What is Medicaid?
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jointly funded, Federal-state health insurance program for low income and needy people
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What do analyst using social stress framework to examine mental disorder believe?
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stress associated with lower-class life lead to greater mental disorder. Linked schizophrenia linked to class
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What are the characteristics of mental disorder?
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depression, bipolar disorder
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What is the learned helplessness theory?
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people become depress when they think they have no control over their lives.

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