Sociology Chapter 8 Vocab

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social stratification
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ranking of people or groups according to their unequal access to scarce resources
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social class
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segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of resources and share values, norms, and an identifiable lifestyle
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bourgeoisie
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class that owns the means of production
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proletariat
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class tha labors without owning the means of production
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income
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the amount of money recieved by an individual or group over a specific time period
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wealth
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total economic resources held by a person or group
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power
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the ability to control the behavior of others, even against their will
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prestige
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recognition, respect, and admiration attached to social position
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false consciousness
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adoption of the ideas of the dominant class by the less powerful class
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class consciousness
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identification with the goals and interests of a soial class
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working poor
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people employed in low-skill jobs with the lowest pay who do not earn enough to rise out of poverty
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underclass
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people typically unemployed who came from families that have been poor for generations
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absolute poverty
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the absence of enough money to secure life’s necessities
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relative poverty
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a measure of poverty based on the economic disparity between those at the bottom of a society and the rest of society
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feminization of poverty
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a trend in U.S. society in which women and children make up an increasing proportion of the poor
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social mobility
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the movement of individuals or groups between social classes
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horizontal mobility
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a change in occupation within the same social class
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vertical mobility
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a change upward or downward in occupational status or social class
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intergenerational mobility
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a change in status or class from one generation to the next
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caste system
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a stratification structure that does not allow for social mobility
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open-class system
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a syste in which social class is based on merit and individual effort; movement is allowed between classes

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