Sociology 2505

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The typical waiting period for a divorce in the US is_____, which is _____ than most other western nations
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One year or less; lower
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The \”sleeper effect\” refers to children of divorced parents who have trouble sleeping at night
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False
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The arrangement whereby divorced parents coordinate their activities and cooperate with each other in raising their children is commonly referred to as
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Co-parenting
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Some studies indicate that there is a \”divorce gene\” that predisposes some people to divorce.
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False
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Black women in the US have a higher likelihood of separating from their husbands and are ______ to turn these separations into divorce than other women.
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Slower
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All of the following include official reasons for divorce in the era of divorce tolerance except:
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Emotional dissatisfaction
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On the basis of what we know of the currently available research reports, children who live in a single parent family are more likely to:
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All of the above: have a child as a teenager, be out of work, drop out of high school
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Fathers now head 16% of single parent families
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True
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In the US changes in family law have ______ rather than _______ changes in behavior and values
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Followed; preceded
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Historically, in most cases of divorce, mothers retain legal and physical custody of children.
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True
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One of the critical factors in determining if a child considers a step parent a \”real parent\” is
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the age of the child when the step parent joined the family
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In the US, the establishment of relationship with kin involves
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All of the above: giving or receiving help, corresponding, seeing each other regularly
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The stepparent most likely to integrate into the step family would be one called the
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Intimate outsider
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Therapists suggest that the transitional period in forming a new family system for many step families is approximately
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2-4 years
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Remarriage is less likely to end in divorce than are first marriages.
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False
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2/3 of divorced women who remarry will cohabit first.
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True
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Children are more likely to accept two mother figures in their lives than they are to accept two father figures.
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False
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Remarriage can have unexpected benefits including:
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Creating a new extended family
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The position a step parent attains in a family depends on
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The efforts he or she puts into developing a close relationship with the children
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Of those who remarry after divorce, women are ______ likely to remarry than men, on the basis of current statistics
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Slightly less
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If you are abused as a child then you are more likely to become an abuser as an adult.
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True
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Evidence of the fact that domestic violence is not solely a contemporary social problem is suggested by the passing of the first law against wife beating in the Western world by citizens of
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The Massachusetts Bay Colony
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Domestic violence is mainly a US problem that is not seen in great numbers in other societies.
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False
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A 2006 study found that less than half of all child abuse cases referred to professionals were for
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Physical or sexual abuse
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57% of all rapes and sexual assaults reported in 2007 were committed by a friend of someone known to the victim.
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True
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The feminist movement in the US has as its fundamental goal on the issue of domestic violence
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To remove to social supports for male violence in our culture
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The vast majority of parents in the US do not spank or slap their children.
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False
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The literature currently available suggests an association for women between forced sex as a child and subsequent
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Riskier sexual behavior
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Only ___ % of men have reported experiencing a violent act by an intimate partner, while ___ % of women have reported experiencing a violent act by an intimate partner.
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3; 23
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A 2004 study found that the elderly were most likely to be abused by
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Their children
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The Era of Restricted Divorce
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– marriage seen as institutional – divorce was rare usually only granted to wealthy men on grounds of adultery or desertion – annulment was only alternative
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The Era of Divorce Tolerance
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– more accesible to women – marriage changed from economic partnership to emotional partnership – still had to prove spouse did something wrong to obtain divorce, ex: habitual drunk-ness, mental cruelty, non-support
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The Era of Unrestricted Divorce
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– divorce granted with no restrictions – california was first to pass \”no fault law\”
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2 periods of modern divorce
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1. 1960s and 1970s divorce increasing among all society 2. recent periods show divorce increasing for less educated and decreasing for more educated
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Social Learning Perspective
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Individuals learn behavior they will later exhibit by observing what others do and seeing the consequences of those actions
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Frustration- Aggression Perspective
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Aggressive behavior occurs when a person is blocked from achieving a goal
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Social Exchange Perspective
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People calculate whether to engage in a particular behavior by considering the rewards and costs that behavior has and its the alternatives to it

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