Sociology 1 Final Review

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Sociological speaking, minorities make up less than half the population of America.
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False
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In class, we saw a video called \”Reel Bad Arabs\” which focused primarily on the shared religious values shared by Muslims in Indonesia.
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False.
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In class, \”The Tragedy of Old Age in America\”, Butler argues that the myths and prejudices about senior citizens in the U.S affects only the elderly.
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False.
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Feminist theory links the family to patriarchy.
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True
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According to Dale Marcelle, Abe Lincoln was assassinated because of his perception towards blacks.
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False
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According to W. E. B. Dubois, __ is a psychological challenge of reconciling an African heritage with a European upbringing and education
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Double Consciousness
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In class, the professor showed a video clip, \”What kind of Asian are you?\” to highlight how minorities wear a racial uniform and that Asians may be viewed as \”perpetual foreigners\” by the mainstream.
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True
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For Brodkin, what event made Jews in the U.S go from being defined as non-white to being included \”among white folks\”?
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World War 2
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The wealthiest 20% of the global population receives about what % of all global income?
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77%
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Which world region contains the most street children?
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Latin America
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Among the 1 billion people that make up global poverty, what % do women make up?
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70%
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Concept of colonialism
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Some nations enrich themselves through political and economic control.
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Concept of neocolonialism
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Multinational corporations dominate the economy of poor countries
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Modernization theory claims that poverty includes
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Culture and technology
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Dependency theory claims that poverty includes
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Exploitation of poor countries by rich countries
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Wallerstein Theory states that
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Nations that are core of the world are high-income nations
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With regard to wall of rich nations, dependency theory claims
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rich nations are to blame for global poverty.
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Race refers to __. Ethnicity refers to __.
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Biological; cultural
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Largest minority category in the U.S
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Hispanic descent
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According to the most recent data, which % do African Americans account for U.S population?
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13%
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Statements about prejudice.
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Produces social inferiority Little to no evidence Targets people of particular social class, sex, sexual orientation, etc. Can be positive or negative
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Scapegoat theory was created by
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Frustration of disadvantaged people
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Authoritarian personality theory says
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Extreme prejudice is a trait in people with particular personalities
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While prejudice is a matter of __, discrimination is a matter of __.
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Attitude; action
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Institutional prejudice is
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A system of inequality built by race in social institutions Ex. Gangs
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Racial and ethnic minorities are distinct, but have equal…
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Pluralism
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People of different backgrounds conform to a larger group
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Assimilation
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Negro League Baseball is an example of
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Segregation
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Concept of \”white ethics\” refers to
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Non-WASPs of European Anglo-Saxon Protestants ancestry
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Which are likely to face divorce the most?
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Young people who marry after a short time
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What are some typical traits of marriage?
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Legal relationship Sexual Actions & Child bearing Economic cooperation
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Family with parents, children, and other kids…
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Extended family
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Exogamy
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Marrying in different social category
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Endogamy
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Marrying in same social category
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Structural Functional approach in family
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Socialization of young Sexual regulation Social placement
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Social Conflict and Feminist Theory explains that families encourages social inequality through
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Inheritance Patriarchy Economic
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Sociological analysis of religion
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Understanding religious patterns and the affect on society
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Baby Boomers called \”Sandwich Generation\” because
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They spend time caring for children and aging parents
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Research shows single parents are
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Disadvantage for children
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Cohabitation is most likely to
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Discourage marriage
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Religion is a social institution in which
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Beliefs and practice of what is sacred.
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According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has
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Lower social integration
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Making use of the sociological perspective encourages
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Challenging commonly held beliefs
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In making judgments about how society should be improved, the __ approach in sociology rejects Max Weber’s goal that researchers should be value-free.
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Critical
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What German word meaning \”understanding\” was used by Max Weber to describe his approach to sociological research?
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Verstehen
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In middle-income nations, average personal income is in the range of
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$2,500 and $12,500
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According to Anti-Slavery International, about how many men, women, and children live today in conditions that amount to slavery?
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200 million
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According to the modernization theory, the greatest barrier for economic development is
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Tradition
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A social theorist who contributed to the development of dependency theory by racing the growth of the capitalist world economy is
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Immanuel Wallerstein
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Over the course of the last century, the extent of global economic inequality has
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Increased
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Low-income countries are home to more than half the world’s people.
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False
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Typically, people in low- income countries do more physical labor yet consume fewer calories than people in rich nations.
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True
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Typically, people who live in __ perceive fewer racial categories than people who live in __.
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United States; Brazil
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The claim defining members of some minority as inferior will make them inferior is one application of
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The Thomas Theorem
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The ancestors of __ first settled the lands of the Western Hemisphere.
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Native Americans
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Which category of Asian Americans has an average income above the national average?
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Filipino Americans, Chinese Americans, Japanese Americans
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Arab Americans are a U.S minority that is
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Increasing in population size Has Islam as dominant religion Has ancestors from many different nations
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From which world regions do most of today’s U.S immigrants come?
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Latin America and Asia
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Scientific research shows that there are 3 biological pure races.
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False
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The family is a social institution that is found in
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Every society
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The most difficult transition in married life is typically
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The death of a spouse
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Regardless of race, families headed by single women are
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At high risk for poverty
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Compared to what it was a century ago, the U.S divorce rate is now
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About 3 times higher
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Durkheim pointed to three functions of religion for society. What is NOT one of them?
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Fostering social conflict
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The priesthood, a specialized occupation in charge of a large religious organization, first developed in which type of societies?
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Agrarian
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Exogamy means that parents of similar social position pass on their standing to their children.
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False
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Karl Marx investigated the positive functions of religion for social life.
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False
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Relative poverty
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People lack resources that are taken for granted by others
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Absolute poverty
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Lack of resources that is life-threatening
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What are some types of slavery?
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Chattel slavery, child slavery, debt bondage, servile forms of marriage, human trafficking.
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Extended family
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Composed of parents and children as well as other kin.
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Nuclear family
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Composed of one or two parents and their children.
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Causes of divorce
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Individualism Romantic love fades Women less dependent on men Stressful Socially Acceptable Easy to get
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Who divorces?
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Young couples Marriage after unexpected pregnancy Not religious people Those whose parents have divorced
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Composed of children and some combination of biological parents and stepparents
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Blended families
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From which regions do most of today’s U.S immigrants come?
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Latin America and Asia

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