Socio Ch. 10

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Social Class
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People who rank close to another in wealth, power and prestige
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Wealth
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the total value of everything someone owns minus debt
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Income
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money received from a job or business
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Prestige
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respect or regard
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Status Consistency
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Ranking high or low on all three dimensions of social class
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Status Inconsistency (status discrepancy)
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Ranking high on some dimensions of social class and low on others
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Status
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The position that someone occupies in a society or social group
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Anomie
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Durkheim’s term for a condition of society in which people become detached from the norms that usually guide their behavior
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Contradictory class locations
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Erik Wright’s term for a position in the class structure that generates contradictory interests
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Underclass
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A group of people for whom poverty persists year after year and across generations
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Power
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The ability to carry out your will, even over resistance of others
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Power Elite
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(C. Wright Mills) term for the top people in the US corporations, military, and politics who make the nations major decisions
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Managers
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Those who sell their own labor and exercise authority over other employees
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Petty bourgeoise
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Small business owners who employ many workers
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Blue Bloods
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Old money capitalists (legacy of money)
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Nouveau riche
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New money (athletes, entertainers)
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Mental health
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higher class have greater control over their life- lower class have less job security, lack of coping resources
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Family life
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More intact families/ solid support system
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Education
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Finances and higher priority create more quality opportunities
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Religion
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Classes cluster in different denominations
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Politics
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Lower class is less likely to vote (democrat)/ Upper class is more likely to vote (republican)
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Intergenerational mobility
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the change that family members make in social class from one generation to the next
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Upward social mobility
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movement up the social ladder
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Downward social mobility
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movement down the social ladder
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Structural mobility
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movement up or down the social ladder that is die to changes in the structure of society, not to individual efforts
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Exchange mobility
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about the same number of people moving up and down the social ladder, such that, on balance, the social class system shows little change
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Deferred Gratification
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Forgoing something in the present in the hope of achieving greater gains in the future
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Horatio Alger Myth
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The belief that due to limitless possibilities anyone can get ahead if he or she tries hard enough
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William Domhoff
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No major decision of the US government is made official without the approval of the 1%
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Karl Marx
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2 social classes
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Joseph Kahl and Dennis Gilbert
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Devolved a 6 tier structure to portray class structure in the US
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In 2005 the highest paid CEO made…
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$88 million
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70% of the property in the US is owned by
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10% of US families
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1% of Americans own
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33% of assets
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Occupations and Prestige
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• Pay more money • Require more education • Entail more abstract thought • Offer greater autonomy
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Marx’s Model of Social Classes
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• Capitalists • Workers • Inconsequential others
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Wright’s modification of Marx’s Model of the Social Classes
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• Capitalists • Petty Bourgeoisie • Managers • Workers
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Democratic Façade
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• Developed by Daniel Hellinger and Dennis Judd • The concept that it is a fallacy that the common man has any say in the big decisions made in this country
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white collar crime
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Upper Class crime
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street crime
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Lower Class Crime
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Most of the poor are (race)
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white
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Cultural of poverty
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The assumption that the values and behaviors of the poor make them fundamentally different from other people, that these factors are largely responsible for their poverty, and that parents perpetuate poverty across generations by passing these traits onto their child
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of the poor are in that category for 1 year or less
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59%
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of the poor have been so for 5 years or more
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12%
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Reconciliation Act
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Places a lifetime cap on welfare assistance/ compels recipients to look for work and take available jobs

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