Social Psychology – David Meyers 11th Edition – Chapter 2 "The Self in a Social World"

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Spotlight Effect
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The belief that others are paying more attention to our appearance and behavior than they really are.
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Illusion of Transparency
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The illusion that our concealed emotions leak out and can be easily read by others.
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Self concept
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What we know and believe about ourselves.
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Self schema
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Beliefs about self that organize and guide the processing of self-relevant info.
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Possible selves
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Image of what we dream of or dread becoming in the future.
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Social comparison
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Evaluating one’s abilities and opinions by comparing oneself with others.
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Individualism
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The concept of giving priority to one’s own goals over group goals and defining one’s identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications.
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Independent Self
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Construing one’s identity as an autonomous self.
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Collectivism
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Giving priority to the goals of one’s group and defining one’s identity accordingly.
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Interdependent Self
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Construing one’s identity in relation to others.
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Planning Fallacy
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The tendency to underestimate how long it will take to complete a task.
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Impact Bias
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Overestimating the enduring impact of emotion-causing events.
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Dual Attitude system
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Differing implicit and explicit attitudes toward the same object.
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Immune Neglect
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The human tendency to underestimate the speed and strength of the \”psychological immune system\” which enables emotional recovery and resilience after bad things happen.
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Self Esteem
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A persons overall self-evaluation of sense of self-worth.
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Self Efficacy
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A sense that one is competent and effective, different from self esteem.
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Learned Helplessness
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The sense of hopelessness and resignation learned when a human or animal perceives no control over repeated bad events.
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Self Serving Bias
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The tendency to perceive oneself favorably.
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Defensive Pessimism
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The adaptive value of anticipating problems and harnessing one’s anxiety to motivate effective action.
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False Consensus Effect
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The tendency to overestimate the commonality of one’s opinions and one’s undesirable or unsuccessful behaviors.
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False Uniqueness Effect
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The tendency to overestimate the commonality of one’s abilities and one’s desirable or successful behaviors.
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Group Serving Bias
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Explaining away outgoup member’s positive behaviors; also attributing negative behaviors to their dispositions.
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Self Handicapping
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Protecting one’s self image with behaviors that create an excuse for later failure.
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Self Presentation
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The act of expressing oneself and behaving in ways designed to create a favorable impression or an impression that corresponds to one’s ideals.
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Self Monitoring
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Being attuned to the way one presents oneself in social situations and adjusting one’s performance to create the desired impression.

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