Social Psychology Chapters 1-5

question
social psychology
answer
the scientific study of how individuals think feel and behave in a social context.
question
interactionist perspective
answer
emphasized the dynamic interplay of internal and external factors
question
social cognition
answer
the study of how we perceive, remember and interpret information about ourselves and others
question
social neuroscience
answer
the study of the relationship between neural and social processes
question
behavioral genetics
answer
a subfield of psychology that examines the role of genetic factors in behavior
question
evolutionary psychology
answer
a subfield of psychology that uses the principles of evolution to understand human social behavior
question
culture
answer
a system of enduring meanings, beliefs, values, assumptions, institutions and practices shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
question
cross-cultural research
answer
research designed to compare and contrast people of different cultures
question
multicultural research
answer
research designed to examine racial and ethnic groups within cultures
question
hypothesis
answer
a testable prediction about the conditions under which an event will occur
question
theory
answer
an organized set of principles used to explain observed phenomena
question
basic research
answer
research whose goal is to increase the understanding of human behavior, often by testing hypotheses based on a theory.
question
applied research
answer
research whose goals are to enlarge the understanding of naturally occurring events and to find solutions to practical problems
question
operational definition
answer
the specific procedures for manipulating or measuring a conceptual variable
question
construct validity
answer
the extent to which the measures used in a study measure the variables they were designed to measure and the manipulations in an experiment manipulate the variables they were designed to manipulate
question
bogus pipeline technique
answer
a procedure in which participants are led to believe that their responses will be verified by an infallible lie detector
question
interrater reliability
answer
the degree to which different observes agree on their observations
question
random sampling
answer
a method of selection in which everyone in a population has an equal chance of being selected for the sample.
question
correlational research
answer
research designed to measure the association between variables that are not manipulated by the researcher
question
experiment
answer
a form of research that can demonstrate causal relationships because 1 the experimenter has control over the events that occur and 2 participants are randomly assigned to conditions
question
random assignment
answer
a method of assigning participants to the various conditions of an experiment so that each participant in the experiment has an equal chance of being in any of the conditions
question
independent variable
answer
in an experiment a factor that experimenters manipulate to see if it affects the dependent variable
question
dependent variable
answer
in an experiment a factor that experiments measure to see if it is affected by the independent variable
question
subject variable
answer
a variable that exists with pre-exisiting differences among the participants in the study
question
internal validity
answer
the degree to which there can be reasonable certainty that the independent variables in an experiment caused the effects obtained on the dependent variable
question
experimenter expectancy effects
answer
the effects produced when an experimenter's expectations about the results of an experiment affect his or her behavior toward a participant and thereby influence the participants response.
question
external validity
answer
the degree to which there can be reasonable confidence that the results of a study would be obtained for other people and in other situations
question
mundane realism
answer
the degree to which the experimental situation resembles places and events in the real world
question
experimental realism
answer
the degree to which experimental procedures are involving to participants and lead them to behave naturally and spontaneously
question
deception
answer
in the context of research, the method that provides false information to participants
question
confederate
answer
accomplice of an experimenter who in dealing with the real participants in an experiment, acts as if she or he is a participant as well
question
meta analysis
answer
a set of statistical procedures used to review a body of evidence by combining the results of individual studies to measure the overall reliability and strength of particular effects
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question
social psychology
answer
the scientific study of how individuals think feel and behave in a social context.
question
interactionist perspective
answer
emphasized the dynamic interplay of internal and external factors
question
social cognition
answer
the study of how we perceive, remember and interpret information about ourselves and others
question
social neuroscience
answer
the study of the relationship between neural and social processes
question
behavioral genetics
answer
a subfield of psychology that examines the role of genetic factors in behavior
question
evolutionary psychology
answer
a subfield of psychology that uses the principles of evolution to understand human social behavior
question
culture
answer
a system of enduring meanings, beliefs, values, assumptions, institutions and practices shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
question
cross-cultural research
answer
research designed to compare and contrast people of different cultures
question
multicultural research
answer
research designed to examine racial and ethnic groups within cultures
question
hypothesis
answer
a testable prediction about the conditions under which an event will occur
question
theory
answer
an organized set of principles used to explain observed phenomena
question
basic research
answer
research whose goal is to increase the understanding of human behavior, often by testing hypotheses based on a theory.
question
applied research
answer
research whose goals are to enlarge the understanding of naturally occurring events and to find solutions to practical problems
question
operational definition
answer
the specific procedures for manipulating or measuring a conceptual variable
question
construct validity
answer
the extent to which the measures used in a study measure the variables they were designed to measure and the manipulations in an experiment manipulate the variables they were designed to manipulate
question
bogus pipeline technique
answer
a procedure in which participants are led to believe that their responses will be verified by an infallible lie detector
question
interrater reliability
answer
the degree to which different observes agree on their observations
question
random sampling
answer
a method of selection in which everyone in a population has an equal chance of being selected for the sample.
question
correlational research
answer
research designed to measure the association between variables that are not manipulated by the researcher
question
experiment
answer
a form of research that can demonstrate causal relationships because 1 the experimenter has control over the events that occur and 2 participants are randomly assigned to conditions
question
random assignment
answer
a method of assigning participants to the various conditions of an experiment so that each participant in the experiment has an equal chance of being in any of the conditions
question
independent variable
answer
in an experiment a factor that experimenters manipulate to see if it affects the dependent variable
question
dependent variable
answer
in an experiment a factor that experiments measure to see if it is affected by the independent variable
question
subject variable
answer
a variable that exists with pre-exisiting differences among the participants in the study
question
internal validity
answer
the degree to which there can be reasonable certainty that the independent variables in an experiment caused the effects obtained on the dependent variable
question
experimenter expectancy effects
answer
the effects produced when an experimenter's expectations about the results of an experiment affect his or her behavior toward a participant and thereby influence the participants response.
question
external validity
answer
the degree to which there can be reasonable confidence that the results of a study would be obtained for other people and in other situations
question
mundane realism
answer
the degree to which the experimental situation resembles places and events in the real world
question
experimental realism
answer
the degree to which experimental procedures are involving to participants and lead them to behave naturally and spontaneously
question
deception
answer
in the context of research, the method that provides false information to participants
question
confederate
answer
accomplice of an experimenter who in dealing with the real participants in an experiment, acts as if she or he is a participant as well
question
meta analysis
answer
a set of statistical procedures used to review a body of evidence by combining the results of individual studies to measure the overall reliability and strength of particular effects