SOC. CH.4

The process by which people act and react in relation to others is called
social interaction

Which of the following concepts defines a social position that a person holds?
Status

At any given time you hold a number of statuses. These statuses make up your
Status set

What concept refers to a social position that is assumed voluntarily and that reflects a significant measure of personal ability and effort?
Ascribed status

Which concept refers to a social position that is assumed voluntarily and that reflects a significant measure of personal ability and effort?
Achieved status

Julie is a police officer who finds that wherever she goes in her small town, people seem to think of her as a “cop”. Julie is experiencing the effects of which of the following?
master status

Akbar is a honor student. In sociological terms, being an honor student is an example of which of the following?
achieved status

Sociologists use what concept to refer to behavior that people expect from someone who holds a particular status?
role

Which of the following is involved when a surgeon chooses not to operate on her own son because the personal involvement of motherhood could impair her professional objectivity as a physician?
role conflict

Which concept is used to designate the process by which people creatively shape reality as they interact?
Social construction of reality

Flirting is a playful way of seeing if someone is interested in you without risking outright rejection. From this point of view, flirting illustrates
the social construction of reality

The Thomas theorem states that
situations defined as real are real in their consequence

Garfinkel’s research, an approach called ethnomethodology, involves
studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings

The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as
dramaturgical analysis

What does the term “presentation of self” mean?
Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others

Nonverbal communication refers to
body movement, gestures, and facial expressions

In the United States, people stand farther away from one another when they are talking than two people would in a Middle Eastern nation. This pattern reveals differences in meaning attached to
personal space

A role set refers to
A number of roles attached to a single status

What term does the text use for the process by which people disengage from important social roles?
role exit

Which sociologist developed the approach called dramaturgical analysis?
Erving Goffman