Six Sources of Social Change

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Ideology
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System of beliefs that justify the social, moral, religious, political or economic interest held by a group. Ex: isms (but not all isms are ideologies)
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Social Movements
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Spreads ideology – long term effort to promote or prevent change. Ex: Women’s, civil and gay rights movements.
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Discovery
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Recognize new uses for existing elements or begin to understand them in new ways. Ex: gum, atomic fission
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Invention
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Use of existing elements to create something that didn’t exist before. Can be material of non-material. Ex: light bulb
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Population
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A change in size of population can impact the economy, increase or decrease demand for items. Migration and moving impact the society left and the society joined. Age changes in population impact community needs.
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Diffusion
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Spreading culture traits from one society to another. Ex: salsa. It is aided by transportation and communication capabilities . Material objects diffuse more quickly than non-material.
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Reformulation
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Adapting borrowed culture traits. Ex: Ethnic foods become \”Americanized\”
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Physical Environment
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Environment provides conditions for change. Natural disasters can produce immediate and long term change for example floods, earthquakes, fires, etc. Supply of natural resources such as oil.
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Wars and Conquests
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Not as common, but great change in little time. Loss of life, destruction, rebuilding, change to the economy. Promotes change to technology, government, and power struggles.

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