REVEL Sociology Chapter 9 Deviance Quiz Essay

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1. The various efforts by society to regulate people’s thoughts and behavior are together called _______.
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social control
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2. The concept _______ refers to the recognized violation of cultural norms.
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deviance
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3. Thoughts and actions become deviant _____.
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only in relation to the norms of a particular setting, group or society
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4. Which of the following statements explains a limitation of the biological approach to deviance?
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Most deviant behaviors, including crimes, are carried out by biologically normal people.
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5. The research concluding that “good boys” display a strong conscience, can handle frustration, and identify with cultural norms and values is known as ____________ theory.
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containment
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6. The violation of a society’s formally enacted law is called __________.
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crime
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7. Which of the following is an example of informal social control?
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teasing a friend because he listens to Justin Bieber’s music
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8. According to feminist theory, gender influences how we define deviance because people commonly ___________.
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use different standards to judge the behavior of males and females
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9. Which sociologist argued that deviance performs essential social functions, such as clarifying boundaries and encouraging social change?
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Emile Durkheim
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10. Robert Merton asserts that the type of deviance people engage in depends upon __________.
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whether society provides them with means to achieve cultural goals
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11. According to the symbolic-interaction approach, the definitions of deviance and conformity are __________.
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variable from situation to situation
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12. Which of the following statements is consistent with labeling theory?
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deviance is a matter of social definition
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13. Which of the following situations is an example of secondary deviance?
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Elliot is an honor student at school. After he is caught using recreational drugs by his father, he stops going to school, loses many of his friends, begins to take drugs every day, and is hostile towards members of his family.
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14. Which of the following approaches states that even when the powerful engage in harmful and even criminal activities, they still have the resources to resist deviant labels?
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social-conflict
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15. What do critics of hate crime laws argue is the downside to such legislation?
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It punishes people for their beliefs, not just their actions.
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16. Surveys suggest that about what share of U.S. households have one or more guns?
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About one-third of them
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17. Which of the following countries has the highest violent crime rate?
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the United States
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18. Gary is angry to find that a coworker took his food out of the office fridge. In retaliation, he takes the coworker’s lunch. Gary is engaging in an act of __________.
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retribution
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19. The major reason that plea bargaining is so widely used in the United States is that this policy __________.
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spares the criminal justice system the time and expense of a trial
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20. Todd claims that the risk of being a criminal offender depends more than anything on class and race. In making such a claim, Todd is supporting which theoretical approach?
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social-conflict theory

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