RESEARCHING AND WRITING THE PAPER

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balanced sentence
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a compound sentence in which the clauses parallel one another in meaning and grammatical structure
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colloquial English
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everyday, informal conversational English
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inferred
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derived by reasoning
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inverted pyramid
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a style of writing that presents the most important information first
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irrelevant
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off the subject; not to the point
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journalistic
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in the style of newspaper writing
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lead sentence
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the first sentence of a news article containing the who, what, where, when, why, and how information
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loose sentence
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a sentence that is grammatically complete, or makes sense, before its end
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periodic sentence
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a sentence not complete in meaning or grammatical structure without its final words
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transition
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a sentence or paragraph leading from one topic or aspect of a topic to another
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Analyze this lead sentence. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Imprisoned journalist Jacob Timerman, whose cause was championed by many people, was released and placed under house arrest Monday after one year and two days in jail. who? what? when? where?
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Jacob Timerman released and placed under house arrest Monday Buenos Aires, Argentina
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Read the following paragraph adapted from “Lou Gehrig, An American Hero,” by Paul Gallico. (1) Lou Gehrig had unusual courage despite serious physical handicaps. (2) He played despite colds. (3) He played despite fevers. (4) He played so doubled over with lumbago that it was impossible for him to straighten up; and bent over at the plate, he still got himself a single. (5) One year he fractured a toe. (6) He played on. (7) Again, knocked unconscious by a wild pitch, he suffered a concussion that would have hospitalized the average man for two weeks. (8) He was at his position the next day–and collected four hits. (9) It rained about three times a week. (10) When, late in his career, his hands were X-rayed, the doctors found seventeen fractures that had healed by themselves. (11) He had broken every finger on both hands–some of them twice–and hadn’t even mentioned the fact to anyone. What is the number of the topic sentence? _________ What is the number of the sentence that does not develop the main idea? ________
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1 and 9
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Identify the sentence structure. Lisa held the little bird carefully.
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simple
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Identify the sentence structure. Fred came running toward them.
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simple
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Identify the sentence structure. Melanie is going, but Valerie is staying home.
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compound
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Identify the sentence structure. The children laughed merrily.
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simple
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Identify the sentence structure. They sat listening to the speech.
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simple
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Identify the sentence structure. When I get home, I will go directly to bed.
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complex
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Identify the sentence type. But, pending a time when no people wish me to go and see them, and I have no wish to go and see anyone, and there is nothing whatever for me to do off my own premises, I never will go out for a walk.
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periodic

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