Reading Vocabulary Study Guide Flashcard

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plot triangle
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the structure of most stories is exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution
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exposition
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beginning of the story that establishes the setting, introduces some of the major characters, explains background, and introduces the characters’ main conflict
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rising action
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the series of events that lead to the climax of the story, usually the conflicts and struggles of the protagonist; drama intensifies
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protagonist
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the principal or main character in a work of fiction; the hero or \”good guy\”
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climax
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the high point of interest or suspense in a story; the turning point
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falling action
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the part of the plot after the climax, when the drama lessens and the conflict is resolved
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resolution
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the end result, the outcome of the story; the conclusion
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infer
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to conclude based on information given
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setting
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exposed (exposition) or reveals where and when the story takes place, characters, and the conflict (problem)
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character traits
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help define the personality of the character and are based on the what the character says and their actions
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theme
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the central message of idea expressed in a story; answers the question, \”What did you learn from this?\”; the lesson learned
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compare and contrast
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when comparing and contrasting, you look for similarities and differences
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conflict
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a struggle between two opposing forces; there are 3 main types of conflict; character vs. character(s), character vs. nature, and character vs. self
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assertion
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a statement, declaration, or claim
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evidence
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support or proof
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fiction
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a made-up story about real or imaginary people or events
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novel
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an extended fictional work in written language; usually in the form of a story; a novel is longer in length than a short story
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works cited
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an alphabetical listing of sources quoted or used to create a work; the purpose is to give the author of the source (work) proper credit
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simile
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a figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared, often using \”like\” or \”as\”; (example) The clouds were like ice cream castles.
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metaphor
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a figure of speech that states that one thing is something else; but literally, it is not; (example) He pleaded for her forgiveness, but Anna’s heart was cold iron.
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sensory imagery
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descriptive language that is intended to appeal to the reader’s senses (sight, sound, taste, touch, smell) and is used by an author to make the writing more interesting

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