Racism and Diversity quiz 1

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The main focus or unit of analysis for sociologists is the __________
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group
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Natives usually perceive strangers
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categorically (stereotypes)
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In a new social setting, strangers
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lack the natives knowledge of shared realities
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The _______ describes Carrillo’s idea of adjustment from stranger to neighbor
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concept of a continuum with friction
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Social distances studies have found ______
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a fairly consistent pattern over the decades
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Social distance studies capture social acceptance of groups
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as they immigrate into the us
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A 2001 study of social distance found ____
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increased diversity in society
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Despite the removal of more assimilated groups and the addition of less assimilated groups to the list in 2001….
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the upward trend in social distance continued
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When a visiting korean asks for pizza rather than sushi the host may conclude that all koreans like pizza. this is an example of _____
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categoric knowing
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The adjustment from stranger to neighbor is
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a process
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A acculturation takes place,
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the natives’ abstract typification about the strangers become more concrete through social interaction
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When americans say hello or how are you this is an example of
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intersubjective understanding
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Jose who is mexican moves to san antonio from mexico city this is an example of
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emigration
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a minority group
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is determined by a groups relative power in society
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example of an ascribed status?
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female
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a category of people who share visible biological characteristics and are regarded as a single groups is a
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race
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Ethnicity is
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a set of learned or acquired cultural traits shared by a people
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In-group:
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the group to which an individual belongs and feels loyalty
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Social identity theory helps explain
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in group favoritism
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Social identity theory explains that _____
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the in-group almost automatically views the outgrip as inferior
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Pluralist advocates criticize
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cultural relativism
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studying race and ethnic relations is
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difficult because our values attitudes and experiences make our objectivity almost impossible
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an ethnic group held up as a role model for a newly arrived group was probably
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an object of scorn and condemnation itself at one time
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Mills states that an issue is a public matter when it is
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intricately connected to the larger historical context of society
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functionalist theory emphasizes
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social equilibrium
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Karl marx:
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conflict perspective
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a ______ perspective focuses on who benefits from a particular situation
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conflict
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a sociologist who investigates how people interpret the situations they are in is probably an
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interactionist
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Matt believes that the frustrations and struggles between social groups and classes are what structure and determine society. He is a ________
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conflict theorist
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Bill believes that assimilation is the key to understanding racial and ethnic differences and that economic equality will follow. His views are in line with _______ theory.
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functionalist theory
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Since strangers experience a lack of historicity they often observe things that go unnoticed by the natives such as natives cons toms, social institutions, appearances, and lifestyle
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true
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Functionalists believe what:
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that society is a stable cooperative social system in which everything has a function and provides the basis of a harmonious society
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To understand intergroup relations, we must recognize that differences among various peoples cause each group to view other groups as _______
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strangers
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by _________, Alfred schutz meant that people from the same social world mutually know the language customs, beliefs, symbols and everyday behavior patterns that the stranger usually does not
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intersubjective understanding
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When people create meaning and significance in life through the use of language or symbols, they are creating
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nonmaterial culture
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Shared cultural _______encourage solidarity by embodying society’s fundamental expectations
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norms
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The thomas theorem states that
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If people define a situation as real, it becomes real in its consequences
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culture is
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shared
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What feature of language may connote both intended and unintended prejudicial meanings?
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linguistic relativity
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What is an example of a paralinguistic signal
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whistling at someone of the opposite sex
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interactionists believe that social interaction among people of different cultures may be difficult because
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the two parties do not share the same definitions of symbols
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Settling in an area already containing family, friends, or compatriots is known as ________
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chain migration
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What do sociologists call a minority groups establishment of its own clubs organizations stores etc. ?
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parallel social institutions
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In convergent subcultures we tend to see :
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a gradual assimilation process
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What is an example of a persistent subculture?
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amish
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Relationships between major and minor groups are influenced by differences in culture as well as _____
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structural conditions
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What economic condition would likely foster conflict between minority groups
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stagnant economy
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Researchers not that whites tend to categorize
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lower-class blacks by race
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The culture of poverty refers to ________
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cultural traits of the poor transmitted from one generation to the next, creating a perpetual underclass
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Moynihan believed that the explanation for high unemployment, welfare dependency and other social problems was
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family deterioration
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The repetitional method involves:
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asking people how they thought others compared to them
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Warners Yankee city study found an important link between social class status and
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length of residence in the us
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Milton Gordons ethclass groupings represent
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the sub societies resulting from the intersection of ethnicity and social class
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_______ is one of the 4 social categories proposed by gordon that play a part in forming ethclasses
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social class
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Edward Canfield described the lower classes as attaching high value to
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being present-oriented
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The personal responsibility and work app act of 1996:
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required welfare recipients to work after two years of assistance
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Cultural differentiation refers to
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the differences that are present between two cultures
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The contact hypothesis strongly emphasizes ______ as a path toward reducing prejudice:
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having outgrip friends
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According to Wilson, in which power relationship does the dominant group exercise almost complete control over the subordinate group?
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paternalism
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cultural crashes in china illustrate which sociological mode?
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internal-colonialism
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The 1992 los angeles riots represent what?
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a minority-against-minority clash over limited resources
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white values and behavior patterns might be unrealized by group members because
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the values and behaviors are taken for granted
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what, according to hitchcock is a common value in white culture
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avoiding stepping on peoples toes
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Material culture consists in part, of what?
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the meaning and significance attached to material objects
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Paralinguistic signals include what
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sounds
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In ______ theory which group becomes dominant and which becomes subordinate governs relationships between the groups
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power-differential
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Most social scientists consider prejudice to be an attitude with an ______ bias
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emotional
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Prejudice….
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originally meant prejudment
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which level does prejudice exist when a person behaves in ways that maintain the inequality between two groups?
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action-orientation
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denigrating another group to justify our maltreatment of them is called
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self-justification
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Lacking the same standard of living compared to most members of society is called
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relative deprivation
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Walcott parsons developed a concept that linked psych. and sock. aspects of frustration aggression called ______
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free floating
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the generally shared rules defining what is and is not proper behavior in ones culture are
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social norms
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What is a type of ethnophaulism?
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Disparaging nicknames
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With respect to parenting styles authoritarian personality theory reports
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a correlation between early childhood experiences and the development of a prejudiced personality
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the authoritarian personality theory developed by adorno
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has an f scale that stands for potential fascism and an e scale stands for ethnocentrism
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according to all port _______ can lead to a group becoming a scapegoat
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highly visible physical appearance or observable customs and actions
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according to economic-competition theory, in times of high unemployment nativist movements against minorities have flourished
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in times of high unemployment nativist movements against minorities have flourished
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Ethnophaulism involves:
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justification of discrimination
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one function of telling an ethnic joke is
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challenging stereotypes
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Hes are intrusive and acquisitive ; example of what
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cognitie prejudice
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affirmative action originated with an executive order by president:
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franklin d roosevelt
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Evidence about the success of affirmative action programs;
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is mixed
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Most americans seem willing to support affirmative action based on:
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economic class
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an ethnophaulism is what:
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a derogatory word or expression used to describe a racial or ethnic group
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relative deprivation is what:
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a lack of resources, or rewards in comparison to those of others in the society

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