public speech exam 1

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Public speakers should evaluate whether the information they plan to use has credibility, validity, and reliability.
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true
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Public speaking empowers you to do which of the following?
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All of these answers are correct.
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If you use someone else’s work, but change the words around, you do not need to cite the source.
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false
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Decoding occurs when audience members interpret what the speaker says
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true
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Intrapersonal communication is a kind of public speaking.
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false
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Before giving a speech, good public speakers should learn as much as possible about the diverse characteristics of their audience.
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true
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A good speaker should be able to tailor the information in a talk to meet the needs, interests, and expectations of the audience.
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true
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An effective speech should not contain pathos, because it will distract the audience.
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false
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Which of these is not part of the macrostructure of a speech?
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feedback
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An effective speaker is someone who:
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is conversational, intelligible, poised and expressive
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One key symptom of public speaking apprehension is:
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negative self-talk
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The “adaptation phase” refers to the surge of anxiety a speaker feel when beginning to give a talk.
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false
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“Cognitive restructuring” is a technique that includes which of the following:
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developing positive coping statements to replace negative self-talk statements
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Reading your speech to yourself is just as beneficial as practicing your speech aloud.
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false
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The five general rules for public speaking, known as the “Canons of Rhetoric,” are:
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b. invention, arrangement, style, delivery, memory
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A speech goal is a specific statement of what you want your audience to know, believe, or do.
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true
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When you tailor your speech’s information to the needs, interests, and expectations of your listeners, this is an example of:
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d. Audience adaptation
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When organizing the outline for your speech, you should first identify at least five major ideas you want your audience to remember.
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false
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When Jerry organized his speech about rap music, he arranged the facts so that he first discussed the early years, and then proceeded to show how the music had changed all the way up to the present day. This is an example of:
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b. organizing a speech chronologically.
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When practicing your speech, it’s a bad idea to:
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c. memorize every word of it
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The elements of the rhetorical situation include you, your audience, and the occasion.
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true
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The students in Professor Smith’s class were asked to give a group presentation on childhood obesity. First, a number of students suggested all the possible ways to approach the subject, and they made a list of these suggestions. This is an example of:
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brainstorming
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Which of these is an example of demographic audience data?
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d. socioeconomic status
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When a speaker gathers information on the audience’s potential level of knowledge, interest, and attitude about a topic, that is an example of:
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b. subject-related audience data
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When the audience believes a speaker has credibility, it means:
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c. the speaker is perceived as knowledgeable and trustworthy about the topic
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Conducting a survey can be a good way to collect data about your audience.
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true
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Assuming that all members of a particular group have similar knowledge, behaviors, and beliefs is an example of stereotyping.
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true
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The time of day when a speech is scheduled should not affect the way you deliver it.
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false
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When selecting a topic, you should consider:
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b. all of these are correct.
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The “specific speech goal” is a single statement that identifies the exact response the speaker wants from the audience.
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true
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Initial audience disposition refers to whether the audience agrees with your talk.
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false
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One way that a speaker can establish common ground with the audience is to:
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d. Use personal pronouns like “we” or “us”
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Relevance refers to presenting information the audience will find entertaining.
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false
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Information that has “proximity” uses local examples related to the audience’s personal space, such as their neighborhood, city, state, or country.
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true
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One way to establish oneself as personable when giving a talk is to ________ :
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c. Dress appropriately and professionally.
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Research shows that everyone’s preferred learning style is the same.
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false
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Using transitions in your speech makes it easier for the audience to understand how one topic relates to another.
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true
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Using vivid language in a speech can help the audience to ________ :
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d. understand and remember abstract and complex material.
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When giving a talk to an audience whose culture is different from yours, it is important to use examples and supporting material that are understandable to that audience.
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true
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Developing an audience adaptation plan is important because:
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all are correct
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Secondary research refers to finding information discovered by other people.
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true
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When doing research on the internet, any information you find can be used in your speech.
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false
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You should be careful when quoting information from a blog because:
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c. blogs are often biased and only give the blogger’s opinion.
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Information published in periodicals is often more current than information covered in books because ________ .
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c. periodicals are published at regular intervals.
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Reliable sources are those that have a history of presenting valid and accurate information.
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true
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Which one of these is NOT an example of primary research?
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d. getting information from Wikipedia
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A factual statement is one that can be verified. This means:
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a. it can be corroborated by other reliable sources on that topic.
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Statistics are always neutral, so you should not worry about using them in your speech.
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false
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When Charles gave his talk about child labor in India, he included a brief excerpt of a video presentation by a sociologist who has written five books about the subject. This is an example of ________
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expert opinion
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When giving an oral presentation, you do not need to include citations; they are only necessary for a written presentation.
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false
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Listening and hearing are generally considered the same things.
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false
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When students try to understand, remember and recall information the professor has shared with them, that is an example of:
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a. comprehensive listening
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When we engage in “passive listening,” we are:
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a. not paying very close attention to what is being said.
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In order to be an attentive listener, you should do which of the following:
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all are correct
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Paraphrasing is the art of remembering exactly what a speaker said and being able to repeat it word for word.
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false
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The “primacy-recency effect” is important to remember because:
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d. it tells us that people tend to remember the beginning and the ending of a speech.
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An introduction generally makes up about 10% of the length of the entire speech.
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true
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When Larry gave his speech about how new technologies are affecting communication, he began by asking the audience, “How many of you find it almost impossible to go a few minutes without wanting to check your email?” This is an example of:
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direct question
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Once you have gotten the audience’s attention with your introduction, you keep it by using a clear listener relevance link. This refers to:
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d. a statement that shows how and why your speech relates to the audience.
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The conclusion of a speech is important because it summarizes the main ideas and leaves the audience with a vivid impression.
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true
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Which of these is not an example of a visual aid:
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c. an audio recording
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Presentational aids are important because they help audiences remember your message.
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true
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Professor Jones was discussing how sound recordings have changed over the years. She brought in a cylinder, a 78 RPM shellac disc, and a 45 RPM vinyl disc to show to the class. These are examples of:
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NOT AUDIOVISUAL AIDS
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How many slices (or wedges) does an effective pie graph have?
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a. two to five
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When preparing a presentational aid, make sure the audience does not have to a lot of reading, or they will be distracted from your talk.
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TRUE
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When giving a talk, your language will be the same no matter what kind of audience you are addressing.
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false
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All of the following are characteristics of an effective oral style except:
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b. using slang, jargon, and dialect.
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When giving a public speech, there is no problem with using some mild profanity.
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false
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When speaking to an audience from a collectivistic culture, you should be very direct and say whatever is on your mind.
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false
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Whenever possible, a speaker should avoid using jargon in a speech because:
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d. it would only be understood by a limited group of people.
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idk, she’s dumb
answer

anticipation confrontation adaptation

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