Public Speaking Unit 1 Test

question

As your textbook explains, ethical decisions are essentially a matter of personal whim or opinion.
answer

False
question

The ethical obligation of a speaker to be fully prepared increases as the size of the audience increases.
answer

False
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The aim of a speaker is to accomplish her or his goals by any means necessary.
answer

False
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Avoiding sexist, racist, and other kinds of abusive language is important primarily as a matter of political correctness.
answer

False
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Global plagiarism occurs when a speaker takes material from several different sources and presents it as his or her own.
answer

False
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One of the best ways to avoid falling into the trap of plagiarism to start work on your speeches well before they are due.
answer

True
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Sound ethical decisions involve weighing a potential course of action against a set of ethical standards or guidelines.
answer

True
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As a matter of ethics, audience members should listen attentively to and agree with everything a speaker says.
answer

False
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Incremental plagiarism occurs when a speaker uses quotations or paraphrases without citing the sources of the statements.
answer

True
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It is necessary for a public speaker to identify his or her source whether the speaker is paraphrasing or quoting.
answer

True
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Public speaking is more highly structured than conversation.
answer

True
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Using the power of visualization to control stage fright means that you should approach your speech as a performance in which the audience is looking for perfection.
answer

False
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Critical thinking is a way of thinking negatively about everything you hear in a speech
answer

False
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A speaker’s frame of reference and a listener’s frame of reference will never be exactly the same.
answer

True
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As your textbook explains, the speaker’s message consists only of what the speaker says with language.
answer

False
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When you adjust to the situation of a public speech, you are doing on a larger scale what you do every day in conversation.
answer

True
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The nonverbal messages that listeners send back to speakers are called feedback.
answer

True
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Speechmaking becomes more complex as cultural diversity increases.
answer

True
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Some nervousness before you speak is usually beneficial.
answer

True
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Ethnocentrism is unique to western cultures such as those in the United States and Europe.
answer

False
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Research indicates that even when we listen carefully, we understand and retain only about 50% of what we hear and only 10% the next day.
answer

True
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You can improve your own speeches by listening carefully to the speeches of other people.
answer

True
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People need effective listening skills in almost all occupations.
answer

True
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When you listen to the campaign speech of a political candidate for the purpose of accepting or rejecting the speaker’s message, you are engaged in critical listening.
answer

True
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Listening is a passive process, while critical thinking is an active process.
answer

False
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It is impossible to listen too hard.
answer

False
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As your textbook explains, focusing on a speaker’s delivery and personal appearance is an excellent way to strengthen your listening skills.
answer

False
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One of the major obstacles to listening effectively is that the brain can process many more words than can be spoken in a minute.
answer

True
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According to your textbook, listening to understand a classroom lecture is an example of appreciative listening.
answer

False
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Active listeners give their undivided attention to the speaker in a genuine effort to understand her or his point of view.
answer

True
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An extemporaneous speech is carefully prepared and practice in advance.
answer

True
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In the United States, public speakers who establish strong eye contact are usually perceived as more credible than speakers who have weak eye contact.
answer

True
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Nonverbal communication is based on a person’s use of voice and body, rather than on the use of words.
answer

True
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Ways of talking based on ethnic or regional speech patterns are called dialects.
answer

True
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“Conversational quality” in a speech means that the speaker talks the same as she or he would in ordinary conversation.
answer

False
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One of the advantages of speaking from a manuscript is that it frees a speaker from the need to establish eye contact with the audience.
answer

False
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Research shows that personal appearance affects the audience’s perception of the speaker.
answer

True
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You can articulate a word sharply and still misprounce it.
answer

True
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Rehearsing how you behave at the beginning and end o f your speech is one of the easiest things you can do to improve your image with an audience.
answer

True
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In most cases, the question-and-answer session has little impact on an audience’s response to a speech.
answer

False

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