Public Speaking Chapter 14/13/12

question

Special occasion speeches differ from informative and persuasive speeches in all of the following ways except
answer

They present detailed instructions
question

A speech of introduction gives you a moment to shine. You do not need to focus all of the attention on the featured speaker
answer

False
question

Visual aids should be used when you want to offer audience members a concrete reminder of what they should recall from your speech.
answer

True
question

Because ceremonial speeches fall into a special category of speech types, it is not necessary to establish your credibility within your speech.
answer

False
question

Guests who have paused to hear the inspiring words in a toast do not want to hear clichés
answer

True
question

In your acceptance speech, you should demonstrate your understanding of the award’s deeper significance.
answer

True
question

Because introduction speeches are so common, audience members are more accepting of platitudes, such as, “here is someone who needs no introduction…”.
answer

False
question

A type of speech where the speaker will need to include plenty of attention-getting material throughout the speech is the:
answer

after-dinner speech
question

An effective speech of introduction should do all of the following except:
answer

answer questions about the featured speaker’s background and qualifications
question

A type of commemorative speech that only lasts a minute or two is a
answer

toast
question

Aristotle divided speaking into categories. The type dealing with special occasion speaking is
answer

epideictic
question

You should include something in your introduction that evokes the common ____ and feelings that brought your audience together.
answer

values
question

Your praise during a eulogy should demonstrate the perfection of the deceased.
answer

False
question

A speech where you remember someone who has just died is a(n) ____ speech.
answer

eulogy
question

To avoid embarrassment during a speech of introduction, a speaker should
answer

verify all facts about the speaker he or she will introduce
question

The word eulogy comes from the Greek for “____”:
answer

good words
question

A(n) ____ speech shows goodwill toward the audience and presenter.
answer

acceptance
question

Though an after-dinner speech is meant to be entertaining, there is not need to keep audience members laughing constantly.
answer

True
question

According to the text, all of the following are true of using method 4 (assertion plus first hand experience) to present evidence except:
answer

you should not use it if the audience already perceives you as credible
question

If your listeners agree with your proposal and have a well developed belief system, you should present:
answer

only your side of the argument
question

Factual statements and opinions which support the logical arguments of a speech are known as:
answer

evidence
question

Causal reasoning:
answer

is used to prove
question

The study of orderly thinking, the sequence and connection of thoughts and ideas as they relate to one another” (Bell, 1990, p. 262) is known as:
answer

logic
question

Speakers who use ____ typically overestimate the costs, problems, or negative consequences of a new proposal.
answer

exaggeration
question

“Smoking among teenagers is increasing. Teenagers are also more involved in violent crimes than they used to be. We need to ban the sale of cigarettes to kids under 18 before our cities turn into violent war zones.” This is an example of what type of fallacy?
answer

post hoc
question

The inoculation theory involves:
answer

presenting a brief look at opposing arguments along with facts and logically disproving them
question

Speakers who support their assertions by citing personal experiences are considered less trustworthy and less persuasive.
answer

False
question

“I read the other day that most people really like the new gun control laws. If most people like them, then they must be okay.” This is an example of what type of fallacy?
answer

ad pollum
question

If you claim that because no one can prove that angels don’t exist that they must exist, you are using the ad hominem fallacy of reasoning.
answer

False
question

Logic connects various pieces of evidence to create a meaningful and persuasive argument.
answer

True
question

When emotional appeals are used in place of evidence, they are unethical.
answer

True
question

When listeners are persuaded, they usually attribute the persuasion to:
answer

the speaker’s use of evidence and logic
question

When citing an unfamiliar source, if the qualifications are not mentioned, the presentation is not increased in persuasion.
answer

True
question

In a persuasive speech, the best course is usually:
answer

presenting both sides
question

Deductive reasoning:
answer

presents the conclusion first and then proceeds to specific supporting cases
question

Asked to support his assertion that a particular team will not win the championship, a sports commentator says, “They won’t win because they won’t be able to put enough points on the board.” This is an example of what type of fallacy?
answer

begging the question
question

When audience members perceive that a speaker shares similar attitudes on issues not related specifically to the topic, the audience sees the speaker as:
answer

more credible with respect to trustworthiness
question

According to the text, the most important element of credibility is:
answer

trustworthiness
question

Inaccurate articulation, vocalized pauses, and unnecessary repetition of words, all which lead a speaker to be judged as being low on competence, are examples of:
answer

nonfluencies
question

All of the following are listed by the text as ways to enhance the audience’s perception of the speaker’s competency except:
answer

appearing friendly and likeable
question

You should present both sides of an argument when:
answer

you are not asking for immediate action.
question

Inductive reasoning:
answer

question

If audience members are not motivated and are unable to process information, they will most like use careful critical thinking and consideration of arguments and evidence. A) True B) False
answer

starts with specific cases before presenting a general conclusion
question

Which of the following is the least persuasive method of presenting evidence?
answer

assertion plus evidence plus source
question

____ occurs when fewer people agree with the speaker at the end of the speech than before the speech.
answer

the boomerang effect
question

Research into listeners’ response to the use of logic and evidence indicates all of the following except:
answer

listeners have very little difficulty spotting illogical messages
question

Audiences are more easily persuaded when arguments are presented in a(n) ____ way:
answer

novel or new
question

All of the following are listed by the text as ways to enhance the audience’s perception of trustworthiness except:
answer

avoid referring to yourself
question

When presenting both sides of any issue, you should give both arguments equal time.
answer

false
question

Audiences are less affected by the opposing view if a second speaker if the first speaker’s message contains documented evidence.
answer

True
question

It isn’t evidence unless audience members think it’s evidence.
answer

True
question

All of the following are listed by the text as ways to enhance the audience’s perception of the speaker’s credibility through dynamism except:
answer

lots of drama or oratorical flair
question

What does the Elaboration Likelihood Model of persuasion suggest to speakers?
answer

Speakers need to present well-supported logic and evidence if their audience is likely to use the central route to processing.
question

If you are uncertain as to whether to cite sources, the text suggests that:
answer

you could include it on the bottom of a transparency without referring to it directly
question

Analogical reasoning:
answer

explains and clarifies
question

Which of the following is the most persuasive method of presenting evidence?
answer

assertion plus first hand experience
question

Method 2 of presenting evidence (assertion plus evidence) should be used in all of the following except:
answer

when the audience will hear opposing views
question

A high level of fear is usually more effective in persuasion than medium or low levels of fear.
answer

True
question

Audience members from this type of culture prefer speeches that build on audience history and take a cautious, back-door approach to points:
answer

collectivistic cultures
question

A speech to ____ seeks intellectual agreement from the listeners.
answer

convince
question

All of the following are listed as organizational patterns suitable for persuasive speeches except: A) claim B) topical C) problem-solution D) criteria-satisfaction
answer

topical
question

The first step of the problem-solving procedure involves: A) identifying the problem B) establishing criteria C) analyzing the problem D) listing possible solutions
answer

identifying the problem
question

The difference between organizational patterns used in informative speeches versus those in persuasive speeches, is that persuasive speeches are intended to influence audience opinions, while informative organizational patterns:
answer

present information without biasing audience opinion.
question

In this type of team presentation, each member presents a formal 2-10 minute speech on one aspect of the topic. A) panel B) topical C) symposium D) forum
answer

symposium
question

In Monroe’s Motivated Sequence, the solution to the problem is presented in which step? A) need B) visualization C) action D) satisfaction
answer

satisfaction
question

Persuasion is something that we seldom use in our lives. T/F
answer

False
question

To persuade, you must limit the number of options that are perceived as acceptable. T/F
answer

True
question

In this type of team presentation, the members informally discuss a topic or problem in front of an audience. A) forum B) symposium C) topical D) panel
answer

panel
question

The team coordinator should be: A) a member with past team or speaking experience B) a member who doesn’t enjoy speaking C) a domineering member who will assure that everyone does their part D) a very quite member who won’t offend others
answer

a member with past team or speaking experience
question

In today’s world, most persuasive writers combine which types of persuasive issues? A) fact and value B) fact and policy C) policy and scope D) scope and fact
answer

C
question

If you want your speech to be really persuasive it is best to use all three types of appeals: ethos, pathos and logos. T/F
answer

True
question

To learn why people disagree with your position, you should do this on your attitude poll: A) list possible objections to your position B) describe your arguments, in paragraph form, for your audience to evaluate C) only ask open-ended questions D) leave a space at the bottom of the attitude poll where people can describe their objections
answer

leave a space at the bottom of the attitude poll where people can describe their objections
question

In a speech to actuate, you might want to give the audience more than one request for action. T/F
answer

True
question

Gillian gave a presentation on the number of children in her state that had no health insurance. She presented three simple steps that could alleviate the problem that would benefit the children, their parents and society. Gillian didn’t ask the audience to write to their representative and she didn’t ask them to make a phone call or donate money. She wanted to audience to know that uninsured children present a problem that was solvable. What type of speech did Gillian give? A) a speech to actuate B) a speech to demonstrate C) a speech to convince D) a speech to inform
answer

a speech to convince
question

When working on visual aids with a team, it is best to: A) not have visual aids for team presentations as it creates chaos and confusion B) have each group member make their own visual aid C) have each group member make a different type of visual aid to improve audience interest D) have one group member or the graphic arts department prepare all of the visual aids
answer

have one group member or the graphic arts department prepare all of the visual aids
question

A speaker whose persuasive speech topic is “The Need for More Organ Donors” would expect the audience response to be: A) agreement B) action C) ability to do something D) understanding
answer

action
question

Which of the following is not a specific objective of a speech to actuate? A) urge the audience to continue doing something B) urge the audience to stop doing something C) urge the audience to never start doing something D) urge the audience to agree with your viewpoint
answer

urge the audience to agree with your viewpoint
question

The primary difference in informative and persuasive speeches occurs in the conclusion. A) True B) False
answer

False
question

A team does not need to run through the entire presentation together before the day of the presentation. A) True B) False
answer

False
question

Listeners are more likely to find you credible if you show them areas where you are in agreement with them. A) True B) False
answer

True
question

When evaluating the importance of criteria, team members should eliminate the lease important until how many criteria remain? A) 1-2 B) 6-7 C) 7-10 D) 3-5
answer

3-5
question

Persuasive speakers are more likely than informative speakers to do all of the following except: A) use “therefore” or “as a result” B) use forceful delivery C) use a relaxed, informal style of language D) use emotional appeals
answer

use a relaxed, informal style of language
question

How many visual aids would a team need for a 20 minute presentation? A) 10 B) 20 C) 50 D) 30
answer

20
question

The part of the argument, known as a position statement, is the: A) warrant B) claim C) evidence D) backing
answer

claim
question

In an effective persuasive speech, the speaker: A) avoids letting the audience realize the speech is persuasive B) begins to persuade in the introduction C) waits until the conclusion to attempt to persuade D) begins to persuade by the final main point
answer

begins to persuade in the introduction
question

Billy gave a presentation on appointing a designated driver. He suggested ideas for people to consider before going out for the evening and recommended that people who do not drink should never start. What type of speech did Billy give? A) a speech to convince B) a speech to demonstrate C) a speech to actuate D) a speech to inform
answer

a speech to actuate
question

A speech to ____ asks for intellectual agreement and action of some sort. A) actuate B) inform C) convince D) demonstrate
answer

actuate
question

If you are presenting a position statement of fact, you are most likely to use which organization pattern? A) causal B) claim C) either claim or causal D) comparative advantages
answer

either claim or causal
question

When determining a persuasive speech topic, most speakers: A) analyze the audience before selecting a topic B) select a topic, then analyze the audience C) reject a topic audience members disagree with D) both a and c
answer

elect a topic, then analyze the audience
question

A(n) ____ is composed of three to seven members who work together toward a particular goal. A) group B) class C) team D) audience
answer

Team
question

A single word is not enough because it does not specify the speaker’s position. A) True B) False
answer

True
question

A statement of fact indicates: A) The speaker will use both facts and value judgments to recommend a certain policy or situation. B) The speaker will offer evidence in support of a judgment C) the speaker will present arguments and evidence to persuade listeners that an idea, object, or person is not good. D) The speaker will present evidence to persuade the listeners that a debatable point is or is not true
answer

The speaker will present evidence to persuade the listeners that a debatable point is or is not true
question

During a team presentation, the leader should: A) present the introduction and conclusion B) introduce members C) all of these D) direct the question and answer session
answer

All of these
question

Persuasive speeches differ from informative speeches in all of these ways except: A) introduction B) language and style C) supporting material D) organizational patterns
answer

Introduction
question

It is not necessary to research arguments for and against your position in order to persuade your audience. A) True B) False
answer

False
question

Persuasion is: A) being ambiguous B) a method of tricking the audience C) using manipulation to change the minds of the audience D) about influence, not control
answer

about influence; not control
question

Supporting materials in a persuasive speech are adequate if they: A) expand the audience’s understanding B) make the speaker’s ideas more interesting C) clarify the speaker’s ideas D) prove that the speaker’s position is accurate and desirable
answer

prove the speaker’s position is accurate and desirable
question

According to the text, an attitude poll can be used to help you do all of the following except: A) determine arguments and evidence to use B) select your topic C) determine whether you should present both sides of the issue D) determine any specific objections to your position
answer

select your topic
question

When using a position statement of value, which organizational pattern should you choose? A) criteria-satisfaction B) causal C) comparative advantages D) any of these
answer

criteria-satisfaction
question

The most productive size for a team is: A) 7 members B) 10 members C) 5 members D) 3 members
answer

5 members
question

Persuasive speakers are more likely to use emotional appeals and emotional words to get their audience to relate to their position. A) True B) False
answer

True
question

The emotional needs of an audience are referred to as: A) emotos B) ethos C) pathos D) logos
answer

Pathos
question

In the visualization step of Monroe’s Motivated Sequence, you should: A) any of these B) show the bad things that will happen if your plan is not adopted. C) show the bad things that will happen if your plan is not adopted, then follow this by showing the good things that will happen if your plan is adopted. D) show the good things that will happen if your plan is adopted.
answer

any of these
question

When referring to quantity or scope, which question is significant? A) Does evidence of harm exist? B) Is action or change required? C) Does the problem violate basic societal goals or values? D) Is the problem great enough to make it a social issue?
answer

Is the problem great enough to make it a social issue?
question

One purpose of backing for a warrant, according to Toulmin, is that it: A) verifies the date and expertise of the evidence. B) provides the conclusion you hope the audience will reach. C) all of these D) presents the audience with options and asks the audience to make up their own minds.
answer

verifies the date and expertise of the evidence.
question

When evaluating the importance of criteria, team members should eliminate the lease important until how many criteria remain? A) 1-2 B) 6-7 C) 7-10 D) 3-5
answer

3-5

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member