Public Health Turning Point Questions

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Which of the following is not a step in the five step process of protecting public health?
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Focus efforts at the individual level
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Which statement is not a logical extension of the socioecological model?
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Changing the individual can easily be achieved through education program and counseling
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Which one of the following examples least illustrates a primary prevention approach to public health?
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Screening services relevant to the prevention of heart disease are widely promoted through brochures in doctors offices (SECONDARY)
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Which example is least illustrative of secondary prevention?
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Use of cholesterol lowering drug
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According to the U.S constitution the primary responsibility of health in the population is on what level?
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State
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The centers for disease control and prevention is an agency that
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Is the main epidemiologic and assessment agency for the U.S
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What are the 3 core functions of public health?
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Assessment, policy development, and assurance
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Who is the nations leading spokesperson on public health?
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Surgeon General, Regina Benjamin
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Which of the following statements about the federal government is true?
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Uses the interstate commerce provision of the constitution to protect the health of the population
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A vaccine, a condom, and a healthy diet could be considered what kind of prevention in public health?
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Primary
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The CDC changed its focus from one primarily on infectious diseases for which reason?
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Infectious diseases were largely eradicated
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How is public health practice different from medical practice?
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It focuses on the health of the population
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Which of the following statements best expresses the social justice view of public health?
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Members of a community have collective responsibility for their common welfare
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Who is considered the father of epidemiology?
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Dr. John Snow
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What three major risk factors were identified in the Framingham study?
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Hypertension, high cholesterol, and smoking
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The rate of disease is:
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The number of cases related to the size of the population under study
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What is incidence?
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New cases of a disease in a defined population
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The total number of cases existing in a defined population at a specific time?
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Prevalence
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The level of a disease or the usual prevalence of a disease within a given geographic area is the:
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Endemic level
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What is considered the gold standard of all types of studies?
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Randomized, double blind, and placebo control study
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An odds ratio estimates the relative risk of developing a disease.
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True
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What concept do we use to express the degree of probability or improbability of a certain result in an experiment?
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P-value
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Randomize control trails, cohort, and case control studies are considered \”significant\” if:
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P <= .05
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Having a large number of subjects or the probability of finding an effect if there is one, is and effect known as..
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Power
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When most but not all of the individuals in a group are immunized, the rest of the individuals in the group reap the benefit described below
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Herd immunity
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Infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, susceptible host are all part of what?
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Chain of infection
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HIV/AIDS is transmitted by all of the following except?
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AEROSAL Mother to infant Sexual contact Needles
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Which disease is the leading cause of death among infectious diseases
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Tuberculosis
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For which type of cholesterol is a low figure preferable?
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Low density lipoprotein
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The \”leading\” cause of death in the U.S in 2006 was..
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Diseases of the heart
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\”actual\” causes of death are significant to public health because they are..
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Preventable Targets for intervention Mostly caused by individual behavior ALL OF THE ABOVE
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Which of the following is not an example of a public health response to emerging infections?
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Curtail use of new vaccines
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The two obvious approaches that the government has traditionally taken to promote healthy heavier are..
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Education and regulation
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Prohibition of alcohol in the early 1900s was effective in decreasing the incidence of cirrhosis of the liver..
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True
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Which of the following is not considered a chronic disease?
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Tuberculosis (infectious)
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The most important single predictor of health is
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Socioeconomic status
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The Whitehall study of civil servants in the united kingdom found that..
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The higher the employment grade the better the health
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The principal finding of the Alameda, California study was that:
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Men and women with few social contacts had mortality rates significantly higher than those with a social contract
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The health belief model assumes that people often act impulsively
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False
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Which of the following is not one of the stages in the transtheoretical stages of change model?
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Termination
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A term used when someone feels that he or she cannot control something or a numbed acceptance of a negative situation
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Learned helplessness
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Smoking tobacco is the leading actual cause of death in the united states..
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True
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A major influence on how much Americans smoked was the report by ___ smoking and health published in 19..
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Surgeon general
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Adding high taxes on cigs has proven ineffectual in the campaign to reduce smoking
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False
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Which one of the following statements about obesity is false?
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Extra weight carried in the midsection is less harmful to health than extra weight in the hips
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Weight status as a child is not associated with weight status in adulthood?
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False
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Lower SES is associated with higher rates of overweigh and obesity.
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True
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Which is not a risk factor for intimate partner violence?
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Having a stable income level
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Eighty percent of child abuse happens to children in which of the following age categories?
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Those under 4 years of age
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Risk factors for domestic include all but the following
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Young age HIGH SES Low self-esteem Heavy alcohol or drug use or both
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The environment movement began in the 1960w with Rachel Carson and her book silent spring.
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True
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Lead poisoning is believed to be the single most important environment threat
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True
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The king of poisons is mercury
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False
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the population of Libby, Montana harmed for decades due to exposure to asbestos
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True
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Which of the following is not when medical care is a public health responsibility
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EMERGENCY SERVICES Prevention of communicable diseases Care of prisoners Routine medical examinations
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Accidents are preventable and injuries are random and unavoidable
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False
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What agency has the responsibility for the safety of meat and poultry, including prepared products that contain more than 2% of cooked meat or poultry, as well as for processed eggs?
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USDA
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The 1973 court case that established that women have a constitutional right to an abortion is
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Roe v. Wade
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The insurance program that is generally for adults aged 65 and over is
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Medicare
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The government insurance program that is generally poor people, particularly for children and with cost shared by the states
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Medicaid
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All of the below are reasons that health care cost are rising with the exception of:
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Sequestration
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Which of the following is not a characteristic of a managed care organization?
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Unlimited access to specialists and technology
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There is no rationing of health care in the modern U.S health care system.
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False
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The state in the united states that attempted overt rationing of healthcare is
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Oregon
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Baby boomers were born between
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1946 to 1964
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Which of the following best describes factors that we currently believe affect health in old age?
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Smoking Diet and physical activity Medical care ALL OF THE ABOVE
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Before the ACA, 20% of the US population under 65 is uninsured.
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True
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Medicare covers nursing home stays
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False

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