Psychology Jeopardy Exam 4 Review

This is the study of abnormal behavior and psychological dysfunction
Psychopathology
This term is used to describe someone’s emotional distress while engaging in a particular behavior or thought process
Subjective Discomfort
What do psychologists call disorders that are found only in particular cultures?
Cultural Syndromes
This term is used to describe the social or environmental setting of a person’s behavior
Situational Context
Which term refers to a way to define abnormality by comparing an individual’s behavior to the norms or standards of the society in which an individual lives?
Social Norm Deviance
Severe depression that comes on suddenly or seems to have no external cause is called…
Major Depressive Disorder (Episode)
This disorder is often related to low levels of sunlight, often during winter months
Seasonal Affective Disorder
When a patient arrives in the emergency room, he is restless and irritable with unlimited energy and a rapid rate of speech. The attending psychiatrist believes the patient has taken cocaine or amphetamines and admits him for observation. The next day, the symptoms are the same. What condition with symptoms that are similar to those associated with amphetamine use might the psychiatrist now consider as a condition that is relevant to the diagnosis?
Mania (Manic Episode)
This perspective says that depression is a result of distorted and illogical thinking
Cognitive Perspective
When patients alternate between periods of major depression and hypomania, they are said to have this disorder…
Bipolar II Disorder
False beliefs held by a person who refuses to accept evidence of their falseness are known as…
Delusions
Delusions of ________ are false beliefs held by a person who is convinced that others are trying to hurt them in some way.
Persecution
Bizarre beliefs and extrasensory experiences are examples of what kinds of symptoms of Schizophrenia?
Positive
This term is used to describe symptoms of schizophrenia that include wildly excessive movement, or no movement at all
Catatonia
This model assumes you have a biological sensitivity to a certain disorder that will develop under the right environmental or emotional stress
Stress-Vulterability Model
An irrational, persistent fear of something is called a(n)…
Phobia
This term is used to describe worry that is unrelated to any realistic, known source
Free-Floating Anxiety
Fear of being in a place or situation from which escape is difficult or impossible if something should go wrong is called…
Agoraphobia
A disorder in which excessive anxiety and worry occur more days than not for at least six months is called…
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
An anxiety disorder characterized by frequent panic attacks that affect the person’s ability to function in day-to-day living is called…
Panic Disorder
Individuals with this personality disorder are “against society” and may habitual break the law and disobey rules
Antisocial Personality Disorder
This disorder includes those individuals who have unstable relationships with others, an unstable sense of self, and will often engage in risky, self-harming behaviors
Borderline Personality Disorder
This perspective says that personality disorders arise out of inadequate resolution of the Oedipus Complex
Psychodynamic Perspective
This cluster of personality disorders includes Borderline, Histrionic, and Antisocial Personality Disorders
Cluster B
This perspective states that personality disorders arise from specific behaviors that are learned over time and maladaptive belief systems
Cognitive-Behavioral Perspective
The insanity defense, is a _____________ construct (or term), and not a psychological one
Legal
This term is used to describe the hidden, symbolic meaning of dreams
Latent Content
This is the term used for encouraging a patient to talk about anything that comes to mind
Free Association
Psychoanalysis is {this} kind of therapy, with the therapist asking questions, interpreting therapeutic content, and giving opinions and guidance to their patients
Directive
This type of therapy is essentially Psychoanalysis 2.0, and is a lot shorter in duration, and focuses less on psychosexual dysfunction
Psychodynamic Therapy
This is a type of therapy that focuses on the relationships of the individual with others and the interplay of mood and events of everyday life
Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
Unlike psychoanalysis, human-centered therapies are ___________, and the therapist merely acts as a sounding board for their client, instead of offering suggestions and opinions.
Nondirective
This term refers to a technique that therapists use to allow clients to continue to talk and have insights without the interference of therapist interpretations and possible biases
Reflection
This basic element of human-centered therapies means to have respect for a client, regardless of whether or not their feelings, goals, and values are different from those of the therapist
Unconditional Positive Regard
This means to have a genuine, open, and honest response to your client as a therapist
Authenticity
This type of therapy arose from person-centered therapy, but is actually the opposite…trying to direct the client to change their motivation for treatment
Motivational Interviewing
This therapy pairs an undesirable behavior with an aversive stimulus to decrease the frequency of the behavior
Aversion Therapy
Which method of treating phobias involves progressive relaxation and exposure to the feared object?
Systematic Desensitization
A technique for treating phobias and other stress disorders in which the person is suddenly exposed to the fear-provoking situation or object in an intense way and is prevented from making the usual avoidance or escape response is called…
Flooding
Every time Alice cleans her room properly and makes the bed, she receives a marble. When she accumulates 100 marbles, she can get the new video game she wants. What type of behavioral program are Alice’s parents using?
Token Economy
Craig is currently in therapy to help him stop smoking. His therapist is using learning techniques to help him modify his smoking habit and develop more desirable behaviors. Craig’s therapist is using…
Behavior Modification
Therapy that depends on identifying and changing distorted thinking and unrealistic beliefs is ______ therapy.
Cognitive
In which form of therapy does the therapist take a directive role, challenging clients when they make “my way or nothing” statements?
Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)
Jill’s teenage son fails his mathematics exam due to lack of studying. She immediately assumes that it is her fault. Jill is engaging in…
Personalization
DeMario’s wife, Marta, asks him if he wants some help cutting the grass and weeding the garden. He declines the offer and feels “blue” for the rest of the day because he keeps thinking, “Marta thinks I am getting older and losing my physical abilities.” What type of cognitive distortion is involved here?
Arbitrary Inference
______________ focuses on the present and assumes that people observe the world and the people around them, make assumptions and inferences based on these observations, and then decide how to respond.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
A treatment for severe depression in which an electric shock is delivered to the patient, resulting in a seizure of the body and the release of a flood of neurotransmitters in the brain, is called…
Electroconvulsive Therapy
This is therapy in which the main goal is to change disordered or inappropriate behavior directly
Action Therapies
This is surgery that is performed on brain tissue to relieve or control severe psychological disorders.
Psychosurgery
What type of drugs are the traditional antianxiety drugs, or minor tranquilizers, such as Valium?
Benzodiazepines
Most psychological professionals today take a(n) ______ view of psychotherapy.
Eclectic
This person revolutionized the way mental illness were treated, liberating those with mental defects from confinement in insane asylums and prisons
Phillipe Pinel

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