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psychology exam 5

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The assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions is most clearly central to
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cognitive therapies
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After discontinuing heavy use of an antianxiety drug, Angela experienced increased anxiety and difficulty sleeping. Angela was experiencing symptoms of
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transference
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Rational-emotive behavior therapies are most likely to
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vigorously challenge clients’ self-defeating ways of thinking.
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A token economy represents an application of the principles of
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operant conditioning
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In which form of therapy is unwanted behavior systematically associated with unpleasant experiences?
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aversive conditioning
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Dr. Genscher believes that most psychological disorders result from chemical imbalances. In her work as a therapist, Dr. Genscher is most likely to make use of
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drug therapies
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Instead of focusing on unconscious and repressed thoughts and impulses, ________ therapies focus on conscious thoughts and self-perceptions.
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humanistic
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Some antidepressants block the reuptake or breakdown of both serotonin and another neurotransmitter, norepinephrine. These antidepressants are called
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dual-action drugs
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Which therapeutic approach relies most heavily on patients’ discovering their own ways of effectively dealing with their difficulties?
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client-centered therapy
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Homeopathy and herbal remedies are forms of
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CAM
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One study of migraine headache patients found that the majority of those who received “sham acupuncture” enjoyed relief. The patients’ pain relief is most likely attributable to
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placebo effect
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The ABC program is an educational program designed to prevent
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HIV infections
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Lithium is often an effective ________ drug.
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mood-stabilzing
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Xanax and Ativan are ________ drugs.
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antianxiety
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Disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity are most characteristic of ________ disorders.
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dissociative
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During the 1940s and 1950s, lobotomies were most likely to be performed on psychologically disturbed patients who were
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uncontrollably violent
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Psychoanalysts are most likely to view patient transference as
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a potential aid to the patient in developing insight.
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Addressing stressors with problem-focused coping would be most characteristic of those with
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personal control
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Several widely used antidepressant drugs are most often called ________ because they are used in treating disorders other than depression—from anxiety to stroke.
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selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors
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Transference refers to a client’s
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expression toward a therapist of feelings linked with earlier life relationships.
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Dr. Byrne is a clinical psychologist who often uses operant conditioning techniques to treat her clients. She also encourages them to modify their thought patterns, and on occasion she interprets their transference behaviors. Dr. Byrne’s therapeutic approach would best be described as
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eclectic
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In response to stress, the adrenal glands release
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epinephrine
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Proponents of behavior modification have suggested that institutionalized patients can be weaned from ________ by shifting them to other rewards common to life outside an institution.
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token economy
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In their classic nine-year study, Friedman and Rosenman reported that, compared with Type A men, Type B men were
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less susceptible to heart attacks
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Who is the best example of a Type A personality?
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Philip, a competitive, hot-tempered corporation president
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Electroconvulsive therapy has proven to be effective in the treatment of
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depression
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Which of the following techniques have behavior therapists used to help people overcome a fear of flying?
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virtual reality exposure therapy
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Systematic desensitization involves
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associating a pleasant relaxed state with anxiety-arousing stimuli.
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Although originally trained in Freudian techniques, Aaron Beck developed a ________ therapy for depression.
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cognitive
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Which of the following disorders is more common among men than women?
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antisocial personality disorder
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Psychological disorders that researchers believe are learned, such as phobias, are most likely to be treated with
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psychotherapy
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According to the ________ perspective, anxiety is sometimes produced by the submerged mental energy associated with repressed impulses.
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psychoanalytic
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Deep-brain stimulation involves the implantation of ________ into the brain.
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electrodes
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Mrs. Coleman
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token economy
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one difficulty
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may be a consequence rather than a cause of depression.
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Which form of therapy is most likely to emphasize the importance of examining a person’s role within a social system?
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family therapy
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For Type A individuals, exposure to stress is especially likely to inhibit organs such as the ________ from removing cholesterol and fat from the blood.
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liver
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Luigi minimized the stress of testing positive for HIV by viewing this circumstance as an opportunity for a renewed religious commitment and spiritual growth. His reaction best illustrates the importance of
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stress appraisal
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Jonathan Selder
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psychodynamic therapy
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Professor Pot
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evolutionary
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Which drugs appear to produce therapeutic effects by blocking receptor sites for dopamine?
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antipsychotic drugs
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type of exposure therapy
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systematic desentization
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Adelle
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electroconvulsive therapy
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Both the inseparability of mind and body and the interaction of nature and nurture are most clearly emphasized by
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biopsychosocial
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A loss
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reduced immune response
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We can more easily extinguish a fear of driving a car than a fear of holding snakes. This is best explained from a ________ perspective.
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biological
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Friedman and Rosenman
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Type A
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Which of the following biomedical treatments provides some of the benefits of ECT without triggering seizures or memory loss?
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repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
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Undergraduate women who had been sexually abused as children were especially likely to report health problems if they had
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kept it a secret
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Dylan
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Beck’s
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Juilius
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learning