Psychological Research Method Topic Test

When researchers replicate experiments, they are seeking to __________.
D.
confirm the conclusions of the original results

An explanation for behavior must be __________ and __________ to be considered a scientific theory.
IS NOT
D.
testable . . . proven
OR
B.
proven . . . recorded

Creating a testable hypothesis comes after which step in the scientific method?
IS NOT
A.
collecting research data

__________ research is a type of research that describes various types of data collected through observational research methods.
A.
Descriptive

All of the following should be considered when designing a study except __________.
IS NOT
A.
the type of research method to use

All of the following are types of sampling techniques used in research except __________ sampling.
IS NOT
C.
convenience

Both the experimental group and the control group are exposed to the same __________.
IS NOT
D.
experimental conditions

In an experiment, researchers want to determine if the __________ variable causes changes in the __________ variable.
C.
independent . . . dependent

Which is the fairest way to take a representative sample from a population?
IS NOT
B.
carefully selecting specific subjects who meet one’s criteria from the population

Research that explores cause and effect relationships by manipulating data is known as __________.
C.
experimental

A researcher assigns the following number scale to high school classes:
1 = Freshman
2 = Sophomores
3 = Juniors
4 = Seniors

For this study, the researcher is analyzing data by using __________ measures.

C

Three out of five seniors remain undecided about a college major at the end of their senior year.

What type of data is represented?

B.
quantitative

An anthropomorphic error occurs when researchers __________.
IS NOT
C.
fail to explain behavior of subjects in an objective way

Data that consists of numbers and measurements is called __________ data.
B.
quantitative

A researcher wants to know if the same parenting style used effectively on urban children at a young age will remain as effective as the same children get older.

The researcher would most likely conduct the research using which descriptive research method?

IS NOT
D.
case study

Which of the following statements is not correct concerning qualitative and quantitative research?
A.
Research cannot use both qualitative and quantitative methods in a study.

A psychologist whose goal is to describe a behavior will __________.
A.
record descriptions as objectively as possible

By assigning numerical values to descriptions of observed behaviors, psychologists can transfer __________ data into ___________ data.
A.
qualitative . . . quantitative

The larger pool of subjects from which a study group is chosen is called the __________.
B.
population

In an experiment, the group not receiving treatment is also referred to as the __________ group.
C.
control

The control group in an experimental study will __________.
receive no treatment during the experiment

If psychologists are making suggestions for how to change behavior, then they are demonstrating which goal of psychology?
control

All of the following are reasons that psychologists use a systematic method to conduct research except __________.
C.
to minimize objectivity in research

The subject appeared highly anxious, often fidgeting and glancing out the window every few seconds.

What type of data is represented?

A.
qualitative

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