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Psychodynamic Art Therapy Essay

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What are the 5 primary approaches to psychodynamic art therapy?
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Psychoanalytic, Object relations, Ego, Self, and Analytic.
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What is the basis of the psychodynamic model as developed by Freud?
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Behavior is determined by unconscious internal forces. Abnormal behavior is a conflict between these forces. Early relationships and traumatic experiences in childhood are key.
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What are some key features of psychodynamic are therapy?
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Non structured, limited directives, long treatment course, therapists “interpret”, visualizing is an integral part, transference.
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What are 5 therapeutic strategies?
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Free association, dream work, symbolism, therapist interpretation/analysis, catharsis, “working through”
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What is displacement?
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The unconscious transfer of an intense emotion from its original object to another one.
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What is catharsis?
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The process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions.
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What is insight?
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New understanding of the cause for one’s feelings.
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What is symbolization?
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To have an object stand in for or represent something else.
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What is regression?
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Return to a less developed state, demonstrated by scribbling in art.
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What is sublimation?
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Sublimation allows an individual to transform primitive and/or asocial activities into socially acceptable acts, bringing satisfaction and pleasure. (Could be transforming something regressive into something more meaningful).
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What is the basis of the Object Relations Approach?
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Refers to the mental representations of the self and other (object). Studies the infant’s intrapsychic experience of being parented.
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Who pioneered Object Relations?
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Winnicott
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What does object relations art therapy focus on?
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Allows individual to develop and process their experience of relationships and how they perceive things in the world.
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How does the art object in object relations art therapy affect the experience?
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Offers another opportunity for interaction. Concrete nature may change perspective (distance) from a relationship, action, feeling or experience.
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What 4 things do art therapy approaches provide in object relations?
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Transitional space, transitional objects, a holding environment (containment), concrete interactions that can be shared.
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What is a transitional space?
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Space between individuals in a relationship.
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What is a transitional object?
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Object that becomes imbued with meaning beyond reality, i.e. clay figure of parent who abandoned her child allowing for unresolved trauma.
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What does ego psychology focus on?
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The adaptive ability of the patient in relation to the patient’s level of emotional development.
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In ego psychology, interventions are directed towards enhancing patient ________ especially as relates to self esteem.
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Ego resources.
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Who were the major proponents of ego psychology?
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Erik Erikson (9 stages of development) and Heinz Hartman.
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What things does art therapy provide in ego psychology?
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Development of skills, emotional support, appropriate developmental tasks, coping strategies and self esteem, an identity as an artist or fellow artist.
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Self psychology, developed by Kohut, emphasizes what?
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The therapists own empathetic response to the client as an observational tool and treatment modality.
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Self psychology focuses on the treatment of ________ problems resulting from parents inability to be __________.
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Early childhood; empathetic.
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What does art therapy provide in self psychology?
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Means of relieving pain/tension, opportunity to develop flexibility, creativity and growth, opportunity to build ego strengths, service as a “self object”
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What does analytic psychotherapy as developed by Jung focus on?
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Development of wholeness in an individual through integration of unconscious forces and motivations which underlie all human behavior.
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What are archetypes?
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Psychic elements/identities (characters) we all share from the collective unconscious. They can transform to serve the needs of an individual.
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What is active imagination?
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A method of assimilating unconscious contents through a form of self expression.
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What are three art therapy techniques associated with analytic art therapy?
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Guided imagery, Mandalas, Personal storytelling/myths/narratives.
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What are the four steps in the process of active imagination?
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Empty the mind; focus attention; create; observe/dialogue/connect image to our own reality.