PSYCH REVIEW

Holding two index fingers in front of the eyes can create the perception of a floating finger sausage and best illustrates the effect of what phenomena?
Retinal Disparity

Administering an aversive stimulus following an operant response
Positive Punishment

A statement describing the exact procedures for measuring an anticipated experimental outcome
Operational Definition

Your activated but limited capacity memory
Short-term memory

According to Erikson, achieving a sense of identity is the special task of
Adolescence

The process be which out sensory systems transform stimulus energies into neural impulses
Transduction

Howard Gardner identified a total of intelligences?
8 intelligences

A junction between a sending neuron and a
receiving neuron
Synapse

A technique that involves repeating the essence
of an earlier research study with different
participants and in different circumstances
Replication

To prevent participants in an experiment from trying to confirm the researchers’ predictions
Deception

The 2 major divisions of the nervous system
Central and peripheral nervous system

The tendency to believe that we know more than we do
Overconfidence

The process of receiving and representing stimulus energies by the nervous system
Sensation

Being able to recall current events but not being
able to recall the past
Retrograde amnesia

Adjusting one’s behavior or thinking toward a
group standard
Conformity

Schedule of reinforcement in which a response is reinforced only after a specific time period has elapsed.
Fixed-interval schedule

Most likely to occur in a group in which
individuals share similar opinions.
Group polarization

The reappearance, after a time lapse, of an
extinguished CR
Spontaneous recovery

Procedure used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie people’s intelligence scores
Factor analysis

In 8 to 10 seconds, the late memory whiz Kim
Peek could read and remember the contents of a
book page. Yet, he had little capacity for
understanding abstract concepts. Kim’s mental
capacities best illustrate __________.
Savant syndrome

Things continue to exist even when they are not
perceived
Object permanence

There are component elements to people’s sensory experience
Functionalism

Mental age divided by chronological age and
multiplied by 100
Original version of the Stanford-Binet IQ

Tests designed to predict ability to learn new skills
Aptitude tests

A person’s accumulated knowledge and verbal skills
Crystallized intelligence

A statement describing the exact procedures for measuring an anticipated experimental outcome
Operational definition

A set of expectations and assumptions that
greatly affects what we perceive
Perceptual set