Psych Ch. 10 pt 2

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Personological and life story perspectives
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Theoretical views stressing that the way to understand the person is to focus on his or her life history and life story.
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Social cognitive perspective
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Theoretical views emphasizing conscious awareness, beliefs, and expectations, and goals.
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Self-efficacy
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The belief that one can master a situation and produce positive change.
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Cognitive affective processing systems
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Mischel’s theoretical model for describing that our thoughts and emotions about ourselvs and the world affect our behavior and become linked in ways that matter to behavior.
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Behavioral genetics
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The study of the inherited underpinnings of behavioral characteristics.
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Self-report test
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Also called an objective test or an inventory, a method of measuring personality characteristics that directly asks people whether specific items describe their personality traits.
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Empirically keyed test
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A type of self-report test that presents many questionnaire items to two groups that are known to be different in some central way.
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Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory
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The most widely used and researched empirically keyed self-report personality test.
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Face validity
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The quality of seeming, on the surface, to fit a particular trait in question.
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Projective test
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A personality assessment test that presents individuals with an ambiguous stimulus and asks them to describe it or tell a story about it, to project their own meaning onto the stimulus.
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Rorschach inkblot test
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A famous projective test that uses an individual’s perception of inkblots to determine his or her personality.
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Thematic Apperception Test
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A projective test that is designed to elicit stories that reveal something about an individual’s personality.

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