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psy1001 ch.15

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Extreme Eating Lately, Rena finds her herself eating non-stop, even when she isn’t hungry. She feels increasingly frustrated that she cannot seem to control her appetite and seeks the help of a mental health professional. Rena and her therapist discuss how she feels when she goes on eating binges. Rena states that she is overwhelmed by guilt and that dieting just makes her crave food even more. Her therapist states that it must be difficult for Rena, because we live in a society where we are constantly judged by our appearance and where self-worth is often equated with willpower. What type of therapy does this scenario illustrate
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humanistic therapy
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Rena’s therapist asks her a series of questions about her childhood, such as her relationship with her parents. She is asked to recall, in depth, her interactions with her parents, particularly during mealtime. The therapist tells Rena that her conflicts with her parents at dinnertime may be a source of the problem. What type of therapy does this scenario illustrate?
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psychoanalytical therapy
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Rena’s therapist challenges her to think about her past dieting failures, in which Rena would strictly limit her caloric intake. She asks whether Rena’s “all-or-nothing” view of eating was rational – “Is it realistic to think that portion control should be either rigid or not worth regulating at all”? What type of therapy does this scenario illustrate?
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cognitive therapy
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Rena’s therapist suggests that she find an alternative behavior to engage in, such as chewing a stick of gum or calling a friend, whenever she is compelled to grab a snack in-between meals. The therapist also encourages Rena to reward herself when she meets her goals. What type of therapy does this scenario illustrate?
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behavioral therapy
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Multiple Angles Bart was recently diagnosed with schizophrenia and has since started taking Thorazine. He meets with his doctor, Dr. Aimes, at a follow-up visit to evaluate his progress on Thorazine. After deciding to switch Bart from Thorazine to Clozaril, Dr. Aimes tells Bart that she will need to meet with him again very soon to monitor a new batch of potential side effects, such as _
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diabetes
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According to humanistic theories, human unhappiness results from
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conditional regard
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According to research (Baker, McFall, & Shoham, 2008), which psychologist is taking the most typical approach for treating clients?
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Dr. Cohn, who draws from past experience when carrying out a treatment plan
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According to the cognitive therapeutic perspective, people run into psychological trouble when they adopt ____ ways of thinking.
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irrational
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After several failed attempts at treating his major depressive episodes over the years, Patrick contemplates undergoing electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). He discusses this with his doctor, who warns him that ECT can lead to
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memory loss
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Barbiturates were once commonly used to treat anxiety; however, they are not ideal because they __
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are highly addictive
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Because of the severity and lifelong nature of autism, parents of children with autism are especially vulnerable to “cures” that have little research support. What is an example of one of these so-called “cures?
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hyperbaric oxygen treatment
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Behavior modification focuses on
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the observable l
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Bianca is trying to decide between pursuing a Ph.D. or Psy.D. degree in psychology. As her friend, you tell Bianca that a major critique of the Psy.D. degree is that it
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lacks an emphasis on research and the objective evaluation of data
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Cognitive-behavioral therapy has an excellent record of success, particularly in the treatment of
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major depressive disorder
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Dr. Maynard uses a psychoanalytical approach when treating her clients. What underlying ideology influences her therapeutic style?
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The unconscious mind controls behavior
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Dr. McGuire specializes in the treatment of borderline personality disorder. She engages her patients in a type of therapy that addresses their symptoms in the order of their importance: reducing suicidal thoughts, reducing behaviors that interfere with therapy, and finally, reducing behaviors that interfere with the quality of life. This type of therapy is referred to as
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dialectical behavior therapy
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Dr. Smirnova feels that she made significant progress with her client, Alyssa, at their last session. This week, Alyssa cancels her appointment at the last minute, stating that she does not feel well. Dr. Smirnova suspects that Alyssa is showing signs of
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resistance
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Dr. Tran, a pediatric psychiatrist, cautions his colleagues against prescribing stimulants for long-term use to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder because of the risk of
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growth suppression
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Felix was recently prescribed SSRIs to treat his depression. Before he takes his first dose, Felix flips through the medication insert and reads the list of side-effects, which include __
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headaches
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From the following list, which client is the least ideal for group therapy
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Dean, who attempted suicide last month
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Juan has battled moderate depression for most of his life. He seeks out the help of a mental health professional, who recommends a form of psychotherapy known as brief therapy (Iveson, 2002). What can Juan expect from this type of therap
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The therapy will be based on solution-building rather than on problem-solving.
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Michaela seeks the help of a therapist for her depression, but is adamant about not wanting to take medication. Michaela’s therapist recommends an alternative approach that is thought to be just as effective as medication. What does her therapist recommend
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regular exercise
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therapists face many challenges when counseling married couples. Compared with couples where infidelity is not an issue, how do couples dealing with infidelity fare in couples therapy
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Although they initially show more distress than faithful couples, they fare as well in therapy.
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What discovery lead to a dramatic decrease in institutionalized populations in the United States between 1955 and 2000
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Phenothiazines to treat schizophrenia
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What is a major benefit of group therapy
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Decreases the sense of isolation