PSY 370 Ch. 14 Eysenck’s Biologically Based Factor Theory

Which of the following is not one of the personality assessments created and developed by Eysenck?
MMPI

In general, the purpose of factor analysis is to
reduce many variables differences between two groups of subjects.

Research on traits and emotion tends to support the hypothesis that
people’s actions can subvert their predispositions to certain behaviors.

According to Eysenck, an individual characterized by hysteria, suggestibility, and somatic symptoms would score high on the ____________ scale.
neuroticism

Eysenck’s P type is a bipolar factor consisting of
psychoticism and superego.

Eysenck and the Five-factor theorists:
both place a heavy emphasis on biological components of personality.

In factor analysis, correlations of scores with factors are called
factor loadings.

Eysenck believed that introverts are characterized by
higher levels of cortical arousal.

According to Eysenck, high P scores are
impulsive and hostile.

In Eysenck’s theory of personality, the three basic factors of P, E, and N are
independent of each other.

Eysenck’s three general types of superfactors are
biopolar factors.

According to Eysenck, low levels of cortical arousal and high sensory thresholds characterize individuals who score high on the __________ scale.
extraversion.

The people who most influenced Eysenck were
Cyril Burt and Charles Spearman.

Eysenck claimed that extraverted types are characterized by all the following traits EXCEPT
thoughtful.

Which is the correct order of levels of behavioral organization from the simplest to the most complex, according to Eysenck?
specific acts/cognitions, habitual responses, traits, types

What evidence did Eysenck present on the biological bases of personality?
Identical twins have more similar personalities than fraternal twins reared together.

Which one of the following is NOT one of Eysenck’s personality dimensions from the PEN?
introversion

Eysenck and Grossarth-Maticek found that
people with helpless, hopeless attitude tended to die more from cancer than from heart disease.

According to Eysenck, introverted types are characterized by all the following traits EXCEPT
optimistic.

Some people are vulnerable to organic and psychiatric illness because they have a genetic or acquired weakness that predisposes them to the illness. This explanation for an illness is what Eysenck called the
diathesis-stress model.

Traits generated through factor analysis may be either _____ or ______.
unipolar; bipolar.

Eysenck claimed that introverted neurotics are characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
hysteria.

Which is not one of the four levels of hierarchy behavior organization recognized by Eysenck?
spontaneous acts

Eysenck’s three general types or superfactors are
bipolar factors.

In Eysenck’s theory of personality, individuals who tend to be empathetic, caring, cooperative, and highly socialized score
low on psychoticism.

The key for Eysenck was that the individual differences in people’s personalities were due to _________.
biology

Which of the following is not one of Eysenck’s criteria for identifying factors?
inductive method of investigation

Eysenck identified traits through the use of
twin studies.

According to Eysenck’s findings, cold, nonconforming, and aggressive personalities tend to score high on
psychoticism.

Eysenck’s psychoticism factor (P) is characteristic of
normal and abnormal personalities.

According to Eysenck, high P scorers are
impulsive and hostile.

A trait is best described as
an important semi-permanent disposition of a person.

Eysenck believed that the primary difference between extraverts and introverts is one of
cortical arousal level.

Which of the following is NOT listed by Eysenck as a criterion for identifying a factor?
It must be identified through the inductive method.

The concept of humanity embodied by the Factor and Trait theories is best described as
biological.

Eysenck’s second wife, Sybil Rostal, was a _________.
beautiful quantitative psychologist

Eysenck’s encounter with the fascist right and his later battles with the radical left suggested to him that the trait of __________, was equally prevalent in both extremes of the political spectrum.
authoritarianism

Mathematically, the technique of reducing a number of variables to a smaller number is called
factor analysis

A _________ is a classification of things according to their natural relationships while a _______ can both predict and explain behavior.
factor analysis; theory

Which trait theorist was a native of Germany, but lived and worked for much of his professional life in England and at the University of London?
Eysenck

A major thrust of Eysenck’s theory is that personality results from the basic genetic and neurophysiological makeup of humans. Which biological research findings support this assertion?
Cortical arousal and sensory stimulation levels match certain personality traits.

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