Prologue Quiz 2

question

To study inner sensations, images, and feelings, Edward Titchener engaged people in self-reflective a. psychoanalysis. b. introspection. c. positive psychology. d. spaced practice.
answer

introspection
question

Which school of psychology was most clearly concerned with the adaptive value of complex mental processes? a. structuralism b. behaviorism c. psychoanalysis d. functionalism
answer

functionalism
question

Wilhelm Wundt was both a a. psychoanalyst and psychiatrist. b. physiologist and philosopher. c. sociologist and psychiatrist. d. theologian and philosopher.
answer

physiologist and philosopher
question

The growth potential of healthy people was emphasized by a. Freudian psychology. b. cognitive neuroscience. c. structuralism. d. humanistic psychology.
answer

structuralism
question

A study of the relationship between reasoning capacities and brain functions would be of most direct interest to a. behaviorism. b. humanistic psychology. c. cognitive neuroscience. d. the psychodynamic perspective.
answer

cognitive neuroscience
question

The suggestion that psychology is less a set of facts than a method of evaluating ideas best highlights the ________ character of psychology. a. naturalistic b. humanistic c. scientific d. introspective
answer

scientific
question

In debating the origins of human traits, Plato and Aristotle disagreed about the relative importance of a. basic and applied research. b. nature and nurture. c. behavior and mental processes. d. structuralism and functionalism.
answer

nature and nurture
question

The importance of inherited behavioral traits was most clearly highlighted by a. John Locke. b. Charles Darwin. c. John B. Watson. d. B. F. Skinner.
answer

Charles Darwin
question

Professor Reed attempts to assess the relative contributions of heredity and home environment on children’s susceptibility to depression. Her research best illustrates the concerns of the ________ perspective. a. psychodynamic b. behavior genetics c. cognitive d. behavioral
answer

behavior genetics
question

Which perspective is most relevant to understanding the links between hormone levels and sexual motivation? a. behavioral b. cognitive c. psychodynamic d. neuroscience
answer

neuroscience
question

Focusing on the extent to which personality is influenced by motives outside our own awareness is most relevant to the ________ perspective. a. neuroscience b. behavioral c. psychodynamic d. social-cultural
answer

pscychodynamic
question

The marriage rituals of different ethnic groups are of most relevance to the _______ perspective. a. evolutionary b. social-cultural c. psychodynamic d. cognitive
answer

social cultural
question

Professor Helms conducts basic research on the progressive changes in infants’ perceptual skills during the first year of life. Professor Helms is most likely a ________ psychologist. a. social b. clinical c. personality d. developmental
answer

developmental
question

Dr. Stevens provides psychotherapy to people who suffer from excessive anxiety. Dr. Stevens is most likely a ________ psychologist. a. social b. developmental c. clinical d. cognitive
answer

clinical
question

SQ3R is an acronym for an effective a. neuroscience perspective. b. study method. c. biopsychosocial approach. d. form of psychotherapy.
answer

study method

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