pro comm final exam

question

A thoughtful ______ question can prompt your listeners’ mental participation in your introduction, getting their attention and giving them a reason to listen
answer

Rhetoric
question

Oral language is different from written language in that it
answer

is more personal and simple
question

an internal preview is a statement in the body of a speech that introduces and outlines ideas that will be developed as the speech progresses
answer

true
question

in daryls speech on football he tells the audience in the introduction that he us going to discuss the history of the sport some of the rules and the cardiovascular benefits of playing football. what type of signpost is daryl demonstrating?
answer

an internal summary
question

Shane roused his audience to an emotional pitch at the end of his speech by telling a touching story about his dead grandfather and urging his audience to spend more time with their loved ones. this is an example of a(n)
answer

inspirational appeal
question

standard outline form let’s you see at a glance the exact relationship among various main ideas, subpoints, and supporting material in your speech
answer

true
question

when speaking, you can look your listeners in the eye and talk to them directly. This demonstrates that oral language is
answer

more personal than written language
question

_____ is the use of images as an integrated element in the total communication effort a speaker makes to achieve the speaking goal
answer

visual rhetoric
question

most people summarize their speech to
answer

review their main ideas for the audience
question

in his speech about registering to vote. Dan explains the new legislation that allows the voter registration to coincide with drivers license renewal. he concludes the speech by stating that any person who is not registered should go by one of the locations that he has listed on the chalkboard and register in time for the next election. finally Dan reiterates: “everyone please register to vote; it’s your right and your duty as a citizen.” in this example Dan is using
answer

a statement to motivate his audience to respond
question

in addition to reemphasizing the central idea of the speech, the conclusion is also likely to restate the ________
answer

question

when reverend jesse Jackson says, “we must relate instead of debate; we must of inspire instead of retire; we must repair instead of despair,” what linguistic device is he using?
answer

parallelism
question

you can establish listening motivation by showing the members of your audience how the topic affects them directly
answer

true
question

______ is the quality of a conclusion that makes a speech sound finished
answer

charisma
question

a presentation aid which is a pictorial representation of statistical data is called a
answer

graph
question

the best language is the simplest
answer

true
question

in the beginning of his speech Ryan asked a rhetorical question. at the end of the speech, he provided an answer to the question. which method for creating effective introduction did Ryan use
answer

referring to the introduction
question

oral communication often uses a rather formal language and structure
answer

false
question

saying, “that’s the end” or “that’s my speech” is an example of a transitional phrase signaling the end of a speech and an appropriate way to provide closure in your speech conclusion
answer

false
question

in Louise’s speech about various golf grips and strokes. Louise used several golf clubs and demonstrated the moves herself. according to your textbooks guidelines on the use of presentation aids, was this a good technique
answer

yes; a speaker can serve as a presentation aid to demonstrate how something works or is done
question

you should maintain eye contact with your audience, not your presentation aid
answer

true
question

______ is an audiences perception of a speaker as competent, trustworthy, and believable
answer

question

your introduction creates an important first impression; your conclusion leaves an equally important final impression
answer

true
question

a cliché is
answer

a concrete word or phrase which exemplifies clear communication
question

if a speaker identifies a situation and then discusses the impact of that situation the speaker has used a
answer

cause-effect pattern
question

in her speech on the pet food industry keisha says, “I have always loved animals. in fact, I have two dogs and two cats at home right now. as a pet owner, I am very conscientious about what I feed my pets because I want them to live long, healthy lives.” what method for creating effective introductions is keisha using
answer

a personal reference
question

the statement, “this is a great day because so many people from so many walks of life have gathered in this place to celebrate the life of Martin Luther King Jr.”
answer

the occasion
question

an effective speech conclusion serves which two purposes?
answer

it will summarize the speech and provide closure
question

talia finishes a story in her speech conclusion the she started in the introduction. talia is providing closure by _______
answer

referring to the introduction
question

the quality of a conclusion that makes a speech “sound finished” is called
answer

closure
question

if your speech is one of several being presented on the same occasion, such as in a speech class, at a symposium, or as a part of a lecture series you may want to make a reference to _________
answer

question

in his speech about the titanic, Keifer said the following: “she was the new world, the new technology, the best of the best. but a technology that failed leaving many souls in a cold watery grave.” what form of effective language usage has Keifer employed
answer

metaphor
question

a ________ consists of flat areas of various lengths to represent information
answer

question

it is usually better to use a chalkboard or whiteboard than a chart or graph or drawing
answer

false
question

in her speech on name recall, April says: “you should now demonstrate the three most recommended methods for improving your ability to recall people’s names: the repetition method, the word association method, and the visual imagery method. I hope you will put these methods into practice and you will remember my name the next time you see me in the hall.” April is making us of what device in her speech?
answer

final summary
question

which of the following is a method for providing closure in a speech conclusion?
answer

reemphasizing the central idea in a memorable way
question

referring to a recent event decreases your credibility by showing that you are only knowledgeable about current events and not historical ones
answer

false
question

the day Marcus delivered his speech about the dangers of paparazzi stalking celebrities was also the anniversary of the death of princess Diana. Marcus decided to mention this in his speech introduction. what introductory device was Marcus using
answer

a reference to a historical event
question

an illustration or emecdote is the most inherently interesting type of supporting material
answer

true
question

as a speaker your task is to ensure that your introduction convinces your audience to listen to you
answer

true
question

organizing ideas within a speech according to the order in which they occurred or should occur is considered a
answer

chronological pattern
question

words and phrases such as “in addition” and “in other words” and “therefore” are examples of
answer

verbal transitions
question

by using your main ideas on a chart or a poster or a PowerPoint slide you can
answer

help listeners organize ideas
question

the speech outline which contains the specific purpose, the introduction all main ideas with supporting material and a conclusion is the
answer

perpetuation outline
question

_________ organization focuses on a situation and it’s causes or a situation and it’s effects
answer

question

effective conclusions may employ illustrations quotations or personal references
answer

true
question

to communicate successfully with the diverse group of listeners who compromise your audience, make sure your language us understandable, respectful and unbiased
answer

true
question

in the introduction a good way to establish your credibility is to
answer

be well prepared and confident
question

which of the following is a poor use of PowerPoint
answer

putting the entire text of the presentation outline on the slides
question

terms like “finally” and “in conclusion” are examples of devices
answer

that provide closure for a speech
question

a credible speaker is
answer

one whom the audience sees as a believable and competent
question

on her way to public speaking class, Delaney decided to add one last presentation aid to her speech, was it a good idea?
answer

no; because Delaney did not have a chance to rehearse with the new aid
question

____________ organization is by time and sequence
answer

question

a speaker who describes his or her main points as part of the introduction is utilizing a(n)
answer

preview statement
question

language used by speakers during momentous or overwhelming times is known as
answer

crisis rhetoric
question

when you use geometric shapes to sketch how all the main ideas, subpoints, and supporting material of a speech relate to the central idea and to one another, you are using a technique called
answer

question

the term that applies to the meaning of a word based on our past experiences is
answer

connotations
question

_______ is the use of identical grammatical patterns
answer

question

if your speech topic is timely, a reference to a _______ can be a good way to begin your speech
answer

question

which of the following is a benefit of using humor as your introductory device?
answer

it helps relax your audience
question

to “use respectful language” in a speech implies
answer

avoiding language that will offend people or different cultures, races, sexes, or other sub groups
question

the statement, ” now is the time for determination, decisiveness, and dedication” employs what linguistic device ?
answer

alliteration
question

from your detailed preparation outline you will eventually develop ___________ shorter outline that you will use when you deliver your speech
answer

question

the first function of a speech is
answer

to get the audiences attention
question

in an introduction you may ask a question that doesn’t require a response buy makes the audience think about your topic. this type of question is an ________ question
answer

rhetorical
question

a ________ is any object that reinforces your point visually or aurally so that your audience can better understand it
answer

question

a _________ is a small object that represents a larger object
answer

question

historical speeches and how to speeches are the two kinds of speeches that are usually organized chronologically
answer

true
question

specialized language that is particular to a profession is known as
answer

jargon
question

soft evidence rests on opinion or inference
answer

true
question

a(n) _____________ is an illustration for a brief story
answer

question

generally you can serve as a presentation aid to demonstrate or illustrate major points
answer

true
question

if your speech is informative, you should NOT as your audience to take any sort of action after your speech
answer

true
question

visual aids can help you communicate ideas with greater clarity and impact than you can words alone
answer

true
question

one technique that can backfire in signalling the end of a speech is the phrase ____________
answer

question

according to the text the most obvious purpose that you must accomplish in a speech introduction is to
answer

introduce the subject of your speech
question

without a doubt the most violated principle of using presentation aids in public speaking is _________
answer

question

which of the following is a nonverbal cue that you can use to signal the end of your speech?
answer

staying very still
question

at the end of her speech on labeling GMO food Marlo made her audience believe that their health could be negatively impacted if they do not write a letter to their congress person urging him or her to vote in favor of GMO labeling. in this example Marlo used the principle of ________ to persuade her audience to take action
answer

proximity
question

president George w. Bush in eulogizing president Reagan stated “when Ronald Reagan was a child he knew the world as a place of open plains, quiet streets, gas-lit rooms, and carriages drawn by horses” which language device was president Bush using when he said “carriages drawn by horses”
answer

he was using inversion
question

if your main ideas range from simple to complicated it makes sense to arrange them in order of complexity, progression from more complex to simplest
answer

false
question

when developing presentation aids you should
answer

make them easy to see
question

mandys “save the whales” speech was very effective because she started off with stories about her personal experience with whales, then she moved into facts, statistics, and sources. Which principle of support material organization did many effectively use in her speech?
answer

“soft” and “hard” evidence
question

rashan thought that he would be dramatic and impress his public speaking class with his speech on dog training. He decided to bring his German Shepherd to illustrate the techniques of obedience. But during the speech, he noticed that the audiences attention was on his dog, rather than him as the speaker. what guideline did rashan ignore, with regard to using presentation aids?
answer

use animals with caution as presentation aids
question

often a past writer or speaker has expressed an opinion on your topic that is more authoritative, comprehensive, or memorable than what you can say
answer

true
question

which of the following guidelines should you adhere to when using a photograph as a presentation aid?
answer

incorporate it into a computer program or a PowerPoint slide
question

memorized speeches usually sound as if they were written because the words and phrases are longer, more complex, and more formal than those used by most speakers
answer

true
question

which of the following is an advantage of using presentation aids in a speech
answer

they help the audience understand and remember
question

a planned pause in a speech may be used as
answer

a nonverbal transition
question

when you keep your audience in suspense o say something in your speech that is different from the expected you are creating
answer

drama
question

_________ organization is based on location or position
answer

question

for her informative speech abigail wanted to tell her audience what they need to consider when purchasing a new computer. which organizational pattern lends itself best to this topic?
answer

topical
question

for your persuasive speech endorsing assisted suicide you decide first to provide a definition of the term and talk generally about the current status of the problem. you then plan to bring up individual incidents in which assisted suicides have prevented needless suffering. which strategy of supporting material organization does this plan reflect?
answer

specifically
question

the public speaker can take advantage of language rhythms by using such devices as repetition, parallelism, antithesis, and alliteration
answer

true
question

the conclusions of many famous speeches rephrase the central idea in memorable way
answer

true
question

____________ is the attribution of human qualities to inanimate things or ideas
answer

question

the most common presentation aids are three dimensional
answer

false
question

when speakers substitute the word “flight attendant” and “stewardess” or “steward” they are using language that is
answer

gender neutral
question

in a speech about organ donation, Nathan gave the audience a handout about the need for organs and the process for becoming an organ donor before his speech. is this an effective use of presentation aid, according to the texts guidelines
answer

no; Nathan should have waited until the conclusion to pass out the handouts, as they may distract the audience

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member