Prisoner Abuse Essay
Prisoner Abuse is one of the biggest jobs faced by the society. It is one serious job in many states worldwide. There are many sorts of maltreatment experienced by incarcerated work forces and adult females. with sexual maltreatment being the most serious instance since the culprits is non merely fellow inmates but gaol guards and prison staff besides. Overpopulation is besides one signifier of maltreatment since the demands of the captives are non decently given due to the scarceness of resources brought approximately by immense population.
Drugs and drug maltreatment are is still prevailing in the prison universe. Drugs have been noted to hold a damaging consequence to prisoners the impact which may last for a life-time. These sorts of maltreatment should be given due penalties because the inmates. no affair how serious their offenses are. still merit to have intervention that is truly accorded to a human being.
More and more inmates are stepping inside gaols every twelvemonth. Majority of them see utmost maltreatment that even leads to decease of some unfortunate inmates. It is saddening that these experiences of captives are hindered by many factors. They can non demand for justness because their behaviours and emotions are controlled by governments over them. There are besides times when their ailments are non acknowledged since they are already imprisoned due to heavy offenses. This job nevertheless needs to be solved since the consequence of the maltreatment is non merely physical ; it besides affects the sociological and psychological facet of human existences.
However. captive maltreatment is an unfortunate phenomenon that can still be prevented and controlled. Everyone is entitled to contend for his or her human rights. This besides includes even the captives who are convicted with a offense. and they should non be denied of these rights.
Specifying Prisoner Abuse
Prisoner maltreatment happens to incarcerated work forces and adult females through mistreatments. Incarcerated persons suffer twice the penalty given to them because of opprobrious gaol guards. gaol employees. and co-prisoners. One of the ways in which inmates suffer maltreatment is through anguish. As cited in the Human Rights web site. anguish in prison is defined as:
any act by which terrible hurting or agony. whether physical or mental. is deliberately inflicted on a individual for such intents as obtaining from him or a 3rd individual information or a confession. penalizing him for an act he or a 3rd individual has committed or is suspected of holding committed. or intimidating or haling him or a 3rd individual. or for any ground based on favoritism of any sort. when such hurting or agony is inflicted by or at the abetment of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public functionary or other individual moving in an official capacity ( Fathi. 2008 ) .
Violence among captives by fellow captives or gaol guards and employees is besides rampant. It is a great job that should be addressed instantly. Prisoners of all civilizations. races. ages. and societal position experience maltreatment at some points of their lives in prison.
The socioeconomic position and cultural background have a important influence in the impact of prison force. Poor captives are more likely to see maltreatment because they can non afford to engage lawyers to support the sort of life they have in prison. Those who are non indigens of one state are inclined to hold vacillation when naming out for aid because they are non talking in that country’s linguistic communication ( Richie. 2000 ) .
Forms of Prison Abuse
Prisoner maltreatment comes in assorted signifiers. all of which cause harmful effects to male and female inmates. It comes in the signifier of physical. psychological. sexual and verbal.
Physically. the captives are abused through striking and uninterrupted whipping. Physical maltreatment may besides attest as forced work assigned to the victims which is non a portion of their penalty when they are convicted. This besides includes striping them of their basic demands such as nutrient and vesture by barbarous gaol employees. The turning population of corrections may besides be considered as signifier of physical maltreatment. Due to the big population that consequences in scarceness of resources. the captives do non have an equal sum of their basic demands ( Idaho Observer. 2006 ) .
One of the most controversial and upseting issues sing captive maltreatment is the finally corrupting intervention of Iraqi captives in Abu Ghraib in Iraq by American soldiers. A study made by Higham and Stephens ( 2004 ) at the Washington Post narrates how the Iraqi detainees were physically violated:
Previously secret sworn statements by detainees at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq describe in natural item maltreatment that goes good beyond what has been made public. adding allegations of captives being ridden like animate beings. sexually fondled by female soldiers and forced to recover their nutrient from lavatories ( Higham & A ; Stephens. 2004 ) .
Many of the captives who experience physical maltreatment. peculiarly those in the Abu Ghraib. are treated like animate beings. Prisoners are besides out of touch with the existent universe. Their socialisation is hindered by many factors. They do non hold the capacity to contend back since they are already convicted for the offenses that they made. Other instances of physical maltreatment go every bit far as the prisoner’s decease.
There are besides cases of verbal maltreatment to captives. They are called idiot. imbecile. idiot. and other awful words by gaol guards in order to mortify them ( Higham & A ; Stephens. 2004 ) . Higham and Stephens ( 2004 ) add that “some of the detainees described are being abused as penalty or subject after they were caught contending or with a prohibited item” ( Higham & A ; Stephens. 2004 ) .
Harmonizing to the Idaho Observer ( 2006 ) . the guards tend to believe that the inmates ever do something incorrect. One of the guards admitted that if they catch the prisoners’ lips traveling. they assume that the latter are non stating the truth ( Idaho Observer. 2006 ) .
Wordss that are normally thrown by gaol guards to inmates are frequently rough and difficult to take. These words are more discriminating and mortifying. There are besides cases when captives who commit errors in forepart of their fellow captives are being shouted at by gaol guards and employees. These are truly improper ways of handling captives because it amendss their self-esteem and has bad consequence on their outlook ( Higham & A ; Stephens. 2004 ) .
Discipline is far different from anguish. However. some gaol governments resort to utilizing psychological maltreatment and dissemble it as a method of subject for captives. This happens to captives by agencies of teasing. white noise. and non leting them to kip. Such instances of psychological maltreatment may take to mental upsets. There are besides menaces given out to captives which cause paranoia and mental and emotional anguish. Drug use in prison may besides take to psychological upsets ( Idaho Observer. 2006 ) .
One good illustration of psychological maltreatment in prison is cited in the May 2006 Idaho Observer study. The said study provinces that the maltreatment in the prison may attest subtly. Alternatively of bring downing physical injury on captives. they are being abused by dallying with them psychologically and emotionally. For case. the gaol employees leave the visible radiations on for 17-and-a-half hours straight ( 4:30 in the forenoon to 10 in the eventide ) . The guards besides disturb the prisoner’s slumber by indicating the torchs on the latter’s faces every 60 proceedingss or so. banging the doors. and talking aloud ( Idaho Observer. 2006 ) . Obviously. deficiency of slumber will do one’s head non to work decently. This sort of ill-treatment in prisons is still rampant until today.
The most popular maltreatment among captives is sexual maltreatment. There are many instances of forced sexual intercourse inside corrections. This maltreatment leads to diseases like AIDS and HIV. Sexual maltreatment is done by coercing captives to hold sexual brush with gaol guards. gaol employees and even their co-inmates. Sexual maltreatment is non merely limited to prison guards and employees. It besides occurs inside gaol bars. the co-inmate being the culprit. Male to male sexual brush occurs because they don’t have any pick but to fulfill their sexual demands by mistreating their fellow male inmates. On the instance of female captives who were sexually abused. deficiency of power hinders them to describe the incident. There are times when sexual maltreatment to female captives occurs with the consent of the victim. However. this is still a misdemeanor of the jurisprudence ( Idaho Observer. 2006 ) .
Types of Prison Abuse
Cases of ill-treatment and mistreatment inside corrections take topographic point when gaol guards. any prison employee. or co-prisoner does something inappropriate to other captives. It comes in many opprobrious signifiers depending on the type. Although something bad is done by the inmate it is still improper to handle them like animate beings. It is still a instance of maltreatment of power by gaol forces and a misdemeanor of human rights.
Drugs in Prison
Using illegal drugs. drug trafficking and other drug related instances cause persons to be imprisoned. To stop the announcement of drugs. the drug thrusters are detained in gaols. However. the issue on drugs does non stop here. Some correctional tolerate the usage of drugs among captives. Others are forced to utilize it while those who are already users before come ining the bars continue to utilize it. Addiction among inmates of the forbidden drugs is besides attributed to emphasize that they experience in such environment ( Uchtenhagen. 2007 ) .
Because of drugs being trafficked in gaols. inmates who used to utilize drugs mildly prior to being imprisoned may go extremely addicted to drugs. On the other manus. those who do non hold any history of drug usage may turn out to be drug users as their method of get bying with emphasis and depression ( Pull offing Drugs in Prison. 2007 ) . Beginning of prohibited drugs are jail employees. gaol guards. and those inmates who still have contacts on drug providers outside.
Other causes of drug maltreatment inside prison are related to other types of maltreatment. When one captive is abused sexually. he/she is bribed by things like drugs to avoid kicking about the incident. Those captives who are users of drugs being incarcerated are blackmailed by utilizing the victim’s personal cravings to drugs to acquire their consent and hold to be molested. Those captives who are weak are being bullied and forced to utilize drugs by those who are superior inside their cells ( Pull offing Drugs in Prison. 2007 ) .
The effects of drug maltreatment to captives are truly permeant. They can non move and believe usually because of substance maltreatment. Their relationship with each other is besides affected every bit good as their relations outside the prison environment ( Pull offing Drugs in Prison. 2007 ) .
Overpopulation in Prison
Every twelvemonth. more and more people are being incarcerated because of many grounds. Some are guilty of their offenses while others are victims of unfairness. The addition in the figure of captives equates to greater demands for resources and infinite inside the prison locality. However. the inmates are being abused by corrupt prison forces who ask aid from the authorities to help the scarceness of prison resources like nutrient. beds and others. In some instances. normal and mentally sick captives are combined in one topographic point which makes the state of affairs worse. Prisons which are overcrowded are. more frequently than non. insecure as they warn of a public violence break outing any clip ( Idaho Observer. 2006 ) .
One of the grounds for prison overcrowding is the captivity of pregnant adult females. Womans who are giving birth in prisons besides increase at the same clip. The job here is non merely the status of the female captive but the status of the baby being born in that sort of environment. The job arises earlier and during the bringing since medical support is besides unaccessible inside prisons.
Sexual Abuse in Prison
In some instances of sexual maltreatment in prison. graft is included to avoid describing the bad incident made to captives. Those who were abused are given coffin nails. drugs. vesture. entree to telephone and other prison privileges in replace of sexual brushs. Offering goods to captives makes the sexual maltreatment possible because captives crave things that they merely experience outside.
Food and drugs are normally used to commit the maltreatment. Threats is besides involved when forced sexually maltreatment is done. However. sexual maltreatment perpetrated by female inmates does non fall in the context of colza. This is because there is no force used to execute the maltreatment. “Girls are frequently framed by probation officers as being sloppy and needy” ( Gaarder et Al. . 2005. p. 578 ) .
Male colza is a common thing inside prisons. but as for female captives. the enemy is non their fellow captives but much worse. They are the male prison guards and correctional staff. Female captives who are sexually coerced by gaol guards give in because of fright. Sexual maltreatment is besides used in most prisons to cover up more serious jobs like drug dependence and carrying of deathly arms behind bars. There are besides instances when sexual maltreatment serves as the key to get away from gaol. Correctional employees assist the flight of female captives with whom they have sexual engagement ( Human Rights Watch 1996 ) .
The job of sexual maltreatment among adult females captives is much worse exactly because of their sheer figure. Research shows that the United States has earned the differentiation of imprisoning the most figure of captives. Most of these captives are adult females and their figure is increasing dramatically at a fast rate. Harmonizing to surveies. since 1980. the figure of adult females come ining U. S. prisons has been raised to about 400 % . which is approximately double the captivity rate addition of males. Harmonizing to current statistics. about “half of all female captives have experienced some signifier of sexual maltreatment prior to incarceration” ( Human Rights Watch 1996 ) .
The most common sexual maltreatment in prison ever incorporates force in it. In a study made by the Department of Justice in 2004. there are 8. 210 allegations of sexual force harmonizing to correctional governments. “the equivalent of 3. 2 allegations per 1. 000 inmates and young persons incarcerated in 2004” ( Department of Justice 2005 ) . When force is assorted with sexual maltreatment. it is truly damaging on the portion of the victim. There are physical disablements that may happen. including broken castanetss and articulations. tegument hurts. and many more. The worst instances of prison colza lead to the decease of captives.
Rape instances besides happen to male captives. There are male prison guards and correctional staffs that take advantage of the important power and force male captives to hold sex intercourse with them. Then they disguise their revolting act. by feigning as defenders of the captives. It frequently involves group of captives in order to frighten the mark captive to be raped. It is a apparatus made by holding group of captives bully the victim and endangering him with organic structure injury. At the point that they will ache the victim. the alleged “protector” will seek to support the victim and frighten the groups off. In order to refund the Jesus ( a gaol guard. a jail staff or a co-inmate ) . the inmate will be asked to make favours and be repaid sexually.
Causes of Prison Abuse
Maltreatment of power is the chief ground why there is such thing as prison maltreatment. Those who are in authorization take advantage of their power and demands many things from others. Such laterality causes maltreatment and anguish to hapless convicted felons trapped behind bars. The deficiency of bravery to talk for the truth and cry for justness is besides a ground why the maltreatment is done over and over to captives. Cases of sexual maltreatment are included in this illustration and cited in the Human Rights Watch web site. These are the words of a male captive who was raped inside the establishment. As he recalls:
“I’ve been sentenced for a D. U. I. discourtesy. My 3rd 1. When I foremost came to prison. I had no thought what to anticipate. I’m a tall white male. who unluckily has a little sum of feminine features. And really diffident. These features have got me raped so many times I have no more feelings physically. I have been raped by up to 5 black work forces and two white work forces at a clip. I’ve had knifes at my caput and throat…There is no supervising after lockdown” ( Human Rights Watch 2006 ) .
When a captive looks appealing among the remainder. there is a great opportunity of being molested by prison guards. Some captives use their appeals to hold entree to other things like phone calls and excess nutrient during repast times ( Human Rights Watch 2006 ) .
Effectss of Prisoner Abuse
The effects of captive maltreatment can last a life-time. The injury and depression can be inculcated in the heads of captives who were physically. psychologically. verbally and sexually abused and go forth them scarred for good.
Those who were viciously abused through physical agencies have hints of cicatrixs and bone hurts that can non be treated any longer. There are besides instances of physical maltreatment when one inmate is forced to hold a tattoo by their fellow inmates. The denial phase comes in when they are visited by their relations and inquire what happened to them. They will seek to conceal the fact that they are abused by people who should hold looked after them and merely train them alternatively of giving them anguish. Most captives are afraid of stating the truth because harder penalties will be given to them by their culprits ( Men in Prison. 2008 ) .
Mental unwellnesss are besides developed as old ages go by inside prisons. This is because the broad spread of drug maltreatment is rampant. It is evidently known that prohibited drugs cause malfunction in the encephalon. Other diseases like STDs ( Sexually Transmitted Disease ) and AIDS are attributed to sexual maltreatment inside prisons. This is the world in the prison system which has been institutionalized in the society—a sort of system that contributes to the prolongation of force inside prisons ( Men in Prison. 2008 ) .
Prisoner maltreatment besides has sociological effects on the captive. The traumatic experience causes fear and trauma that will do him divide himself from everyone. The issue of adult females inmates giving birth to their kid is besides included because of captive maltreatment. The kid is automatically separated from the female parent one time born inside the prison. In consequence. the kid may turn up without the necessary attention and attending which is expected to be given by the biological female parent.
There are even instances of pregnant captives who are raped by prison guards. Such sexual maltreatment is truly intolerable for the victim and their households. It does non merely impact the captives but the establishment as a whole. The ground why they are incarcerated is for them to be disciplined and non to be tortured and abused ( Acoca & A ; Austin. 1996 ) . Sexual maltreatment makes the establishment non believable in training the captives. Alternatively. they themselves should be incarcerated every bit good.
When captives experience maltreatment. the effects can last a life clip. The incubus will forever stalk them and may take to mental incapacitation or decease at the worst. Those who experience sexual maltreatment and accumulate diseases find themselves perpetrating suicide than endure the illness day-to-day. On instances of female captives who are raped. there is greater possibility of being pregnant. Bing mentally ailment is besides an extra hazard of being sexually abused ( Acoca & A ; Austin. 1996 ) .
Rights of Prisoners
Although a individual is found guilty of a offense. there is still no ground for him/her to be abused inside prisons. There are several surveies demoing assorted alterations sing state of affairss of captives. Most of the said study involve maltreatment without due penalty given to the culprits. Everyone has the right to seek for justness even if you are already set behind the bars. Inmates do non merit any sort of maltreatment inside the correctional. They are placed there to be rehabilitated and disciplined. non to be punished twice for their misbehavior.
Harmonizing to the study made by the Justice Department’s Bureau of Justice. prison population in the United States has grown to 2 million inmates ( Longley. 2007 ) . The said research besides shows that the intensifying figure of inmates heightens the job of sexual maltreatment while incarcerated. Such demands about this job should no longer be ignored ; preventative steps need be done eradicate this job.
The rights of captives as cited in the Human Rights Website ( 2008 ) are based from the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ( ICCPR ) in 1992. These rights address the followers:
( 1 ) All individuals deprived of their autonomy shall be treated with humanity and with regard for the built-in self-respect of the human individual.
( 2 ) The penitentiary system shall consist intervention of captives the indispensable purpose of which shall be their reformation and societal rehabilitation ( Fathi. 2008 ) .
ICCPR besides guarantees captives who were abused that there are redresss at manus to counter such misdemeanor of their human rights. The said compact includes the followers:
( a ) To guarantee that any individual whose rights or freedoms as herein recognized are violated shall hold an effectual redress. notwithstanding that the misdemeanor has been committed by individuals moving in an official capacity ;
( B ) To guarantee that any individual claiming such a redress shall hold his right thereto determined by competent judicial. administrative or legislative governments. or by any other competent authorization provided for by the legal system of the State. and to develop the possibilities of judicial redress ;
( degree Celsius ) To guarantee that the competent governments shall implement such redresss when granted ( ICCPR. Art. 2. sec. 3. as cited in Fathi. 2008 ) .
Solutions to Prison Abuse
Aside from the rights and privileges mentioned supra. there are a assortment of solutions to stop this maltreatment among captives. There are organisations and authorities groups that help victims of prison maltreatment. There are besides preventative steps that can be followed so as to halt the happening of any sort of maltreatment. Peoples against captive maltreatment are comprised of persons who seek for justness for those abused captives.
One of the organisations that have been contending for inmate rights is the People Against Prison Abuse. organisation established in 1994 to assist inmates and their household. The said organisation purposes to help the households and friends who are presently imprisoned ( Peoples Against Prison Abuse. 2008 ) . It attempts to turn to the undermentioned concerns:
- The revenue enhancement being paid by taxpayers over the past several old ages are said to be spent more on prison inmates than public instruction but it is non visibly seen.
- The medical attention of inmates
- Overcrowding is ever ignored which should non go a norm.
- Mentally sick captives are non decently taken attention of and are frequently abused by guards because they are non trained on how to cover with such conditions.
- The physically challenged inmates do non hold the medical attention. equipment. and/or installations to enable them to be a functional human inside the prison system
( 6 ) The huge figure of industrial prison complex staff ( wardens. guards. and medical staff ) commit worse offenses than bulk of inmates so they should be punished. ( People Against Prison Abuse. 2008 ) .
The aforesaid concerns are few of the many entreaties of people who want justness for prison maltreatment. It is besides of import to back up organisations like this to do all people cognizant and to convert the authorities to “investigate conditions within our prisons and to go through statute law to protect captives from abuse” ( Stop Prison Abuse. 2008 ) .
It is saddening to observe that the judicial system which is supposed to protect the laden likewise offers no solution to this job as it would see this job as an internal affair and would instead let prison functionaries to manage this affair amongst themselves. The apathetic attitude of the correctional functionaries to one inmate raping another is similarly dejecting. It renders much harmful effects on the status of the captive and the credibleness of justness.
Prisoner maltreatment is so a pervasive in penal establishments. This job nevertheless is preventable and governable if preventative steps will be enacted and the authorities will responsibly turn to the issue. The response need non be limited to their rigorous penalty as turning away steps may be instituted as a affair of prison policy. “The authoritiess frequently have limited resources on giving the right prosecution procedure for victims and offenders” ( Hoffman. 1993. p. 1552 ) .
Prisoner maltreatment should be given immediate action so that it will ne’er go on once more. Abuse of authorization should non be tolerated. This is a serious job needed to be solved instantly. Not merely because the victim is already convicted. but because the victim is a human. Every human being has unerasable rights. Conviction for a offense no affair how flagitious it is will non deprive him or her of these rights.
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