Prefix and Suffix part 1

alkene
-ene
Example: ethene
Alkyne
-yne
ex: ethyne
Armomatic Ring (Arene)
None
Halide
none, but the name is affected by the halogen attached to it.

Ex: chloromethane

Alcohol
-ol
Ex: ethanol
Ether
ether

example: dimethyl ether

monophosphate
phosphate
Ex: methyl phosphate
Amine
-amine
Ex: methylamine
imine
none
nitrile
-nitrile
ex:ethanenitrile
nitro
none
thiol
-thiol
ex: methanethiol
sulfide
sulfide
ex: dimethyl sulfide
disulfide
disulfide
ex: dimethyl disulfide
aldehyde
-al
Ex: ethanal

Note that Formaldehyde is still an aldehyde.

ketone
-one
Ex: acetone
carboxylic acid
-oic acid
ex: ethanoic acid (acetic acid)
ester
-oate
ex: methyl ethanoate
amide
-amide
ex: ethanamide
carboxylic acid anhydride
-oic anhydride
ex: ethanoic anhydride
carboxylic acid chloride
-oyl chloride
ex: ethanoyl chloride
Numeric Naming: One
meth-
Numeric Naming: two
eth-
Numeric Naming: three
prop-
Numeric Naming: four
but-
Numeric Naming: five
pent-
Numeric Naming: six
hex-
Numeric Naming:seven
hept-
Numeric Naming: eight
oct-
Numeric Naming: nine
non-
Numeric Naming: ten
dec-
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