Prebles’ Artforms 8th Ed.

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Many artists use their work to criticize or manipulate
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PUBLIC OPINION
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Professional art critics follow one or more of three basic theories, these include
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formal, expressive, contextual.
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The Dish from _______ illustrates the function of art in daily life as both utilitarian object and religious inspiration. The embellishments on the plate include Arabic writing of Muslim scripture.
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Iran
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This artist, who made Rocket to the Moon, paid tribute to the richness of the African-American experience through art.
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Romare Bearden
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To evaluate a work of art properly, we must deal with it in the context of:
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the society that produced it
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Traditional Chinese criticism declared that artists should try to go beyond _______ of the subject matter.
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representation
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Global Warning, the graphic design poster by Chaz Maviyane-Davies, presents an issue of concern for the artist as well as the global population. This work is an example of art as a vehicle for:
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all
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The term _____________________ refers to making discriminating judgments, both favorable and unfavorable.
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art criticism
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A _______ is a particular material, along with its accompanying technique
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medium
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Art criticism involves making _______, both favorable and unfavorable.
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judgements
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Art made with a combination of different materials, such as a collage, is referred to as:
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mixed media
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Evaluation of Art is always _______.
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subjective
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When we look at a work of art and we are pleased or displeased is is useful to ask
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why, what are we looking for\”
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Professional art critics follow one or more of three basic theories
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formal theories, contextual theories, and expressive theories
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One way to have a positive experience in a museum is to
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research the museum collection in advance and make a selection of what to see before you go.
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Not all art is meant to
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express the personality of the maker.
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Rembrandt was obsessed with the expressive possibilities of the human body. As a result he created and extensive collection of works using
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himself as a model because he was the most readily available
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Romare Bearden created his works of art using a technique made famous by Picasso. This technique is known as
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collage on board
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The arts have a/an ___________________ component in many societies to aid in ceremonial practices and contemplation.
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spiritual
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In _______ balance, the two sides of a composition on either side of an imaginary vertical dividing line correspond to one another in size, shape, and placement of form.
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symmetrical
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In his image Untitled Keith Haring has used _______ colors.
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complementary
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Raphael’s The School of Athens provides the viewer with the illusion of the three-dimensional world on a two-dimensional surface by the use of:
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linear perspective
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Repetition of similar elements in a work of art creates the illusion of:
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rhythm
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The juxtaposition of strongly dissimilar elements is referred to as
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contrast
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The phenomenon when positive and negative space change places, as seen in M.C. Escher’s Sky and Water I woodcut print, is called:
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figure-ground reversal
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The term \”format\” refers to the size and shape of a _______ picture plane.
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two-dimensional
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The term \”value,\” in the sense of art, refers to the:
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lightness and darkness of surfaces
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The term for purity, brilliance, or saturation, of a color is:
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intensity
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is the appearance or condition of oneness in a work of art.
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Unity
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Going Home illustrates this artist’s skillful use of abstraction, unity and variety.
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Jacob Lawrence
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Jack-in-the-Pulpit No. V is typical in style and content of the artist:
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Georgia O’Keeffe
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Claus Oldenburg’s and Coosje van Bruggen’s art, as seen in Shuttlecocks, affects us immediately by its:
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scale
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In The Kiss, the artist Rodin expressed the _______ of love, while the artist Brancusi expressed the —- of love
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feeling; idea
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Objective or figurative art is considered:
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representational art
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The method of creating the illusion of depth on a 2-D surface through the appearance of converging parallel lines and one or more vanishing points is called _______.
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linear perspective
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The organization of visual elements in a work of art is referred to as _______.
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the composition
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The realistic manner in which William Harnett painted A Smoke Backstage is called
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trompe l’oeil
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The result of the process of arranging, selecting and ordering is called the:
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design
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The symbolic meaning of visual signs and imagery is called:
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iconography
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A type of painting utilizing egg yolk as a binder is _______.
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tempera
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A type of painting utilizing plaster as a medium is _______.
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fresco
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At various stages in the printmaking process, artists make what are called _______ to check on the developing image.
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proofs
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Engraving, etching and _______ are intaglio processes.
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drypoint
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In buon fresco the pigments, combined with water, are applied to _______.
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wet plaster
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Lithography is a surface or _______ printing process.
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planographic
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The _______ cut is a modern development in relief printing.
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linoleum
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Which of the following is a type of relief printing?
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wood engraving
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Madonna and Child with the Chancellor Rolin, by the Flemish artist Jan van Eyck, is an excellent example of a(n) _______ painting.
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oil and tempera
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Sharecropper by Elizabeth Catlett is an example of:
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a linoleum cut
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A very thin, transparent film of color painted over an already-painted surface is called
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glaze
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A(n) _______ work of art is one in which an artist is physically involved with the production of the work of art.
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original
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American artist and illustrator _______ is best known for his watercolors, such as Sloop, Nassau.
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Winslow Homer
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In which of the following media does the artist draw an image with a greasy crayon directly on a flat stone slab?
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lithography
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Large paintings done in this technique require that the artist finish sections completely before they move to a newly prepared area.
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fresco
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Opaque watercolor is sometimes called:
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gouache
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Original prints are produced in quantities called
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limited editions
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The Chinese believe that painting is derived from the art of:
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calligraphy
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The fraction that appears in the center of a print below the image is referred to as the ______number
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edition
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The poster Jane Avril Jardin de Paris, which was created using the lithographic process, was made by this French artist.
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Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
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An identifying mark or trademark is referred to as a(n) _______.
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logo
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Edward Muybridge is best known for photographing people and animals in:
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motion
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Film depends on a phenomenon called _______ in which the human brain retains a visual image for a fraction of a second longer than the human eye records, making everything we see continuous and uninterrupted.
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persistence of vision
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One of the earliest forms of photographic images was a:
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daguerreotype
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Perfecting the photographic process, Louis Daguerre was able to include _______ in his photographs, as seen in his 1839 photo Le Boulevard du Temple.
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people
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The art of composing printed material from letterforms is called:
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typography
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The device invented in the 16th century as a means of capturing and fixing images from the natural world whose name means \”dark room\” is:
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camera obscura
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The work Absolute Power is typical of the designer:
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Chaz Maviyane-Davies
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_______ was an early advocate of photography as an art form. He/she opened a gallery in New York City in 1905.
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Steiglitz
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A(n) _______ is a picture or decoration created to enhance displayed written material, inform the public and catch the viewer’s eye.
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Poster
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A promoter of environmentalism and social problems, this artist is known primarily for photographs of the natural environment, such as Clearing Winter Storm, Yosemite National Park, California.
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Ansel Adams
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An illustration is commonly used alongside:
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written material
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In filmmaking, each unbroken sequence of movie frames, with the camera still rolling, is called a:
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shot
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Many contemporary photographers use new _______ technology, exemplified by Andreas Gursky’s Statesville, Illinois.
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digital
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The method of photography that first allowed families in the United States and Europe to collect photos of themselves was: Answer
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daguerreotype
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This artist is best known for expanding the traditional limitations of artistic media by incorporating video and electronic media into his/her artwork, as can be seen in Video Flag Z.
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Nam June Paik
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This photographer of Atop the Chrysler Building was associated with Life magazine.
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Margaret Bourke-White
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This still from Oskar Fischinger’s film Circles is considered to be the first
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experimental film
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_______ invented the Polaroid camera.
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Edwin Land
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_______ is credited with introducing the concept of the photo essay.
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Bourke-White
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According to experts’ contemporary theory, Stonehenge was possibly created to:
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all ; solar lunar etc
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During the Neolithic period, art went from:
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natralistic to abstract
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The Wall Painting of Animals is located in south central France at:
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Chauvet Cave
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The Mesopotamians built their temples, such as that of Ur-Nammu, on this type of structure, called:
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ziggurat
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The ancient Sumerians developed the world’s first wheel, plow and
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writing system
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The image Woman (Venus) of Willendorf is thought to be associated with:
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the Great Mother Goddess
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The sizing of figures as determined by social rank is called:
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hierarchic scale
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The word \”Neolithic\” means:
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New stone age
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Two million years ago, the first stone tools enabled our ancestors to:
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gain some control over their relationship to their surroundings
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_______________, the best-known Egyptian ruler, has the only royal tomb discovered in modern times with most of the contents intact.
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Tutankhamen
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The vessel Earthenware Beaker is from the _______ period.
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New Stone Age
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The term petroglyph refers to
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rock art carvings
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These kinds of objects found in ancient graves indicated a ritual burial practice.
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embalmed bodies of royalty, artifacts, tools and furniture
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The stylistic characteristics of ancient Egyptian art changed relatively little over time because of
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lack of accessibility due to the Nile dessert on both sides of the Nile River.
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Tutankhamen the best-known pharaoh today due to
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the discovery of his royal tomb in modern times
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Stonhenge, a neolithic structure in England, was built
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in layers over more than a millennium
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As a part of the Mesopotamian culture, _________________________, were built to link the heavens and the earth.
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ziggurats
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Hierachic scale illustrates
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social rank, the largest being the most important.
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This three dimensional work of art titled Head of an Akkadian Ruler, portrays
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the image of an absolute monarch.
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The earliest major civilizations were those in four fertile river valleys. They are the
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Tigris, Euphrates, Nile and Indus rivers.
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Head of an Old Man is an example of sculpture from the _______ portrait tradition.
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Roman
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Byzantine Emperor Leo ordered the destruction of all images of Christ, Mary, the saints and the angels to discourage ___________________.
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the worship of the images as opposed to the divine being.
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Early Christian Art was created in private homes and underground burial chambers called:
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catacombs
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Early Christian churches were built with a/an ________________, their plain exteriors gave no hint as to what was to be seen within.
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inward focus
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One feature that set Gothic architecture apart from Romanesque was the extensive use of:
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stained glass
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The Parthenon was designed to honor:
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athena
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The Purse Cover from the Sutton Hoo ship burial illustrates one distinguishing characteristic of the art of migrating peoples of the Middle Ages that is based on:
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animals
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The first Christian churches were patterned after Roman basilicas used by the Romans as:
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government buildings
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The first large sculpture since Roman times can be found _______ in Romanesque churches.
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over the central doorway
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_______ is an excellent example of Gothic architecture.
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Chartres Cathedral
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Greek sculptors were famous for their figures known as \”kore\” and \”kouros.\” These figures represented
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freestanding statues of a nude male and a clothed female.
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The Iconoclastic Controversy was a tumultuous period during the Byzantine empire. Emperor Leo III ordered the desctruction of all images of Christ, Mary, the saints and the angels. The reasoning behind this was
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the emperor and his party believed these images encouraged idolatry, worship of the image, rather than worship of the divine being.
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The three different periods in Greek art are known as
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Classical, Archaic and Hellenistic
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The Roman Colosseum was built between 68 and 80 C.E., with the intention of it being used as a/an
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place of amusement for the Roman rulers and citizens.
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The Pantheon was built by ________________, and it was intended as a/an ______________________ for it’s function?
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Romans; major temple to all the gods
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Greek architectural orders have become a standard for architectural design through the ages. The image below is and example of _______________ order.
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Corinthian
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The style of art produced during the end of the 4th century B.C.E. is called _______________________. This style is considered more dynamic and less idealized of other styles of Greek art.
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Hellenistic
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The Acropolis in the city-state of Athens is the home of several sacred buildings. The most prominent of these buildings is the ______________________ and is dedicated to the god/goddess ___________________.
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Parthenon; Athena
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The Greek focus on ________________ and ___________________ led to the development of democracy and naturalistic human figures in art.
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human potential; achievement
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Greek sculptors were known for their close adaptation of life-like figures. One of the most commonly used techniques is known as _________________, which refers to a shift of weight in the figure’s pose.
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contrapposto
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The Holy Trinity fresco, by Masaccio, is considered to be the first painting based on the use of:
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linear perspective
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Caravaggio’s dramatic portrayal of scenes at night, as seen in The Conversion of Saint Paul, was called:
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chiaroscuro
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In Jan van Eyck’s The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami, the woman is wearing green because:
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it symbolized fertility
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In the Netherlands, the major patrons of such artists as Vermeer and Rembrandt were:
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the middle and upper classes
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Leonardo da Vinci’s technique of blurred edges, called _______, can be seen in his Mona Lisa.
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chiaroscuro
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Many Baroque characteristics developed as propaganda for the:
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Counter Reformation
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Many Renaissance artists benefited from the patronage of the _______ family.
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Medici
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Michelangelo’s David has a pose influenced by the sculpture of the ancient:
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Greeks
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Rococo paintings mainly showed:
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life without troubles
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The first woman to gain widespread notoriety as an artist in the Renaissance was:
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Sofonisba Anguissola
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Bernini’s The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa is an excellent example of the style known as Baroque. The elements of the Baroque style Bernini used are
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moment of greatest feeling, spiritual passion and departure from the naturalistic style.
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Women artists from the Middle Ages onward faced many difficulties, some of these issues include
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negative attitudes of families and patrons toward female artists.
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The three cities where High Renaissance art flourished include
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Florence, Rome and Venice
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What was the significance of linear perspective for Renaissance artists?
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This applied use of geometry brought a more realistic illusion of implied space to their paintings.
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What was the primary subject matter for Rococo artists?
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portrayal of the aristocratic lifestyle of ease, gaiety and carefree activities.
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The Renaissance period of art is considered one of the most significant periods in art history. The term Renaissance means
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rebirth
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Jan van Eyck’s Arnolfini Portrait makes use of ordinary object portraying spiritual significance. These objects include
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all
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Masaccio used linear perspective in the Trinity with the Virgin to create the illusion
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of a deep barrel vault extending behind the figures of the Trinity.
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Leonardo da Vinci, a significant figure during the Renaissance period, believed __________________________________.
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art and science are two means to the same end: knowledge
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Donatello’s David is a significant work of sculpture because
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it is the first life-size, freestanding nude statue since ancient Roman times.

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