Pre-AP World History; Hinduism VS Buddhism Essay Prompts

question

Syncretism (Hinduism)
answer

– Caste System – Buddha was identified as one of the 10 reincarnations of Vishnu by some Hindus, others viewed him as a holy man -Hinduism grew more and more personal as it developed into a religion and appealed to the masses as a result of the popularity of Buddhism~ Focused on Brahman, spirit of everything, and devotion
question

Syncretism (Buddhism)
answer

– NO Caste System – Buddhist teachings stem from Hinduism (Karma, Reincarnation) -Upanishads also helped create Buddhism – Therevada School; stricter interpretation of Buddha’s teachings, with emphasis on self-sacrifice and meditation, elites – Mahayana School; “The Greater Vehicle”, emphasizes devotion, more focused on the masses reaching salvation, Buddha as a God – Changed from a religion that emphasized individual discipline to a mass religion that offered salvation to all and popular worship
question

Syncretism Overarching Similarity and Difference
answer

S = Both religions influenced each other (Buddha, Karma, Reincarnation, Upanishads) D = Buddhism became a mass religion and Hinduism evolved to become an individual religion
question

Belief (Hinduism)
answer

– Brahman (The World Soul); Brahma (The Creator), Vishnu (The Protector), and Shiva (The Destroyer) – Moksha- perfect understanding – Dharma- duty -Reincarnation – Veda, Agamas, Upanishads, and Bhagavad Gita – Multiple Gods – Cyclical History- Samsara – Good Karma = upper-caste male (Brahmin, Warrior, or Merchant) – Bad Karma = female, laborer, or untouchable
question

Belief (Buddhism)
answer

– Buddha/The Enlightened One – Nirvana- “like blowing out a candle” – Dharma- duty – Reincarnation – Four Noble Truths; 1. Everything in life is suffering and sorrow 2. Suffering is caused by selfishness 3. To end suffering, you must end desires 4. Follow the 8-Fold Path/ The Middle way; Right Views, Right Resolve, Right Speech, Right Conduct, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, and Right Concentration – 3 Jewels of Buddhism; ~Religious Community ~The Buddha ~The Dharma – Rejected Multiple Gods – Cyclical History
question

Belief Overarching Similarity and Difference
answer

S = Reincarnation D = Buddhism rejected multiple gods, unlike Hinduism
question

Spread (Hinduism)
answer

-Trade
question

Spread (Buddhism)
answer

– Most wide-spread religion of East Asia – Trade – Missionaries in Asia – No foothold in India -Spread in India during reign of Asoka
question

Spread Overarching Similarity and Difference
answer

S = Both spread through trade D = Buddhism spread further than Hinduism
question

Founder/Origin (Hinduism)
answer

– Cannot be traced back to one founder with a single set of ideas – Indian Subcontinent -Began between 750 and 550 B.C. when priests tried to interpret the Vedas
question

Founder/Origin (Buddhism)
answer

– Siddhartha Gautama/ Buddha (The Enlightened One) – Promoted by Asoka (Chandragupta Maurya’s grandson)
question

Founder/Origin Overarching Similarity and Difference
answer

S = Both came from Northern India D = Buddhism has a definite founder, unlike Hinduism

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member