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Postmodern Therapy

question

A solution-oriented therapist might ask her client, a compulsive shopper, which of the following questions?​ ​ Who has the best shoe sale this week, Macy’s or Nordstrom’s? ​ If a miracle happened and your shopping compulsion was solved overnight, how would you know it was solved, and what would be different? ​ Who in your family is most affected when you go on a spending spree? ​ At what point in your life did you develop this fixation on shopping?
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​ If a miracle happened and your shopping compulsion was solved overnight, how would you know it was solved, and what would be different?
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The postmodern view incorporates all of the following concepts except for the notion that:​ ​ reality is objectively defined. ​ reality is based on the use of language. ​ reality is socially constructed. ​ each individual experiences their own unique reality.
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reality is objectively defined.
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Donna feels certain that no one will ever want to hire her because she has a timid personality. Her solution-oriented therapist would be most inclined to:​ ​ explore her early childhood experiences with being rejected. ​ consider her irrational belief to be indicative of psychopathology. ​ ask Donna to examine another side of the story she is presenting about herself and think of times when she was accepted by others. ​ prescribe medication for her anxiety issues.
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​ ask Donna to examine another side of the story she is presenting about herself and think of times when she was accepted by others.
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In the view of the postmodern therapist, the most essential element of therapy is: ​ assessment. ​ the collaborative therapeutic relationship. ​ diagnosis. ​ brief course of treatment.
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​ the collaborative therapeutic relationship.
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All of the following are techniques used in solution-focused therapy except for: ​ using the reflecting team. ​ scaling questions. ​ the miracle question. ​ formula first session task.
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​ using the reflecting team.
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Social constructionism explains how values are transmitted through language by the social milieu and suggests that individuals are constantly changing with the ebb and flow of the influences of all of the following except: ​family. ​culture. ​behavior. ​society.
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​behavior.
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All are true of solution-focused brief therapists except that they: ​ have little interest in a client exploring past problems. ​ focus on the client’s early childhood experiences. ​ believe that the cause of a problem is not necessarily related to its solution. ​ expect that two clients may have different solutions to the same problem.
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focus on the client’s early childhood experiences.
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​ In the solution-oriented approach, which is not considered one of the three basic parts to the structure of summary feedback? ​ Compliments ​ A bridge ​ Expressing concern ​ Suggesting a task
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Expressing concern
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Which of the following is false as it applies to the practice of solution-focused brief therapy?​ ​ Individuals who come to therapy have the capability of behaving effectively. ​ There are advantages to a positive focus on solutions and on the future. ​ Clients want to change, have the capacity to change, and are doing their best to make change happen. ​ Using techniques in therapy is a way of discounting a client’s capacity to find his or her own way.
answer

Using techniques in therapy is a way of discounting a client’s capacity to find his or her own way.
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​ Narrative therapy has been found to be particularly effective with diverse client populations for all of the following reasons except: ​ it was founded in a sociocultural context. ​ it allows clients to tell their unique stories from their perspective. ​ it defines problems within a social, cultural, political, and relational context. ​ it teaches diverse clients to replace their own narratives with ones that conform more closely to the ideals and values of mainstream culture.
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it teaches diverse clients to replace their own narratives with ones that conform more closely to the ideals and values of mainstream culture.
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The role of the leader in solution-focused therapy groups is not: ​ ​ to set the tone of focusing on solutions. ​ to provide clients with simple solutions to their problems. ​ to create a setting where the client feels resourceful and capable. ​ to skillfully ask questions to guide clients to finding solutions to their problems.
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to provide clients with simple solutions to their problems.
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​ Which of these solution-focused therapy techniques involves asking clients to describe times in their lives when they were able to solve their problem or when their problem was less severe? ​ Pre-therapy change ​ The miracle question ​ Exception questions ​ Scaling
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Exception questions
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Solution-focused brief therapy has parallels with______________, which concentrates on what is right and what is working for people rather than dwelling on deficits, weaknesses, and problems.​ ​ brief psychodynamic therapy ​ positive psychology ​ Adlerian therapy ​ REBT
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positive psychology
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Which of the following statements about creating alternative stories is not true? ​ Constructing new stories goes hand in hand with deconstructing problem-saturated narratives. ​ The narrative therapist analyzes and interprets the meaning of a client’s story. ​ The therapist works with clients collaboratively by helping them construct more coherent and comprehensive stories that they live by. ​ The development of alternative stories is an enactment of ultimate hope.
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​ The narrative therapist analyzes and interprets the meaning of a client’s story.
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From a social constructionist perspective, change begins with: ​ deconstructing the power of cultural narratives. ​ understanding the roots of a problem. ​ the therapist’s skill in using confrontational techniques. ​ understanding and accepting objective reality.
answer

deconstructing the power of cultural narratives.
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Of the following, what is an interest that social constructionists tend to share? ​ ​ Helping clients better understand objective reality Incorrect Response ​ Using paradoxical techniques ​ Using a genogram to teach families about conflicts ​ Generating new meaning in the lives of individuals
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Generating new meaning in the lives of individuals
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The techniques of externalization and developing unique events are associated primarily with: ​ solution-oriented therapy. ​ the linguistic approach. the narrative approach. ​ the reflecting team.
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the narrative approach.
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Narrative therapists attempt to do all of the following except: ​ ​ engage people in deconstructing problem-saturated stories. ​ discover preferred directions and new possibilities. ​ create new stories. ​ encourage free association.
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encourage free association.
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The creation of the self, which dominated the modernist search for human essence and truth:​ ​ is being replaced by postmodernists with the concept of socially storied lives. ​ is also a key concept of the postmodern approaches. ​ is more relevant in the narrative approach than it is in solution-oriented therapy. ​ has proven to be completely irrelevant to all counselors and therapists practicing today.
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is being replaced by postmodernists with the concept of socially storied lives.
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A limitation of the postmodern approaches is: ​ therapists require extensive training in providing brief therapy. ​ inexperienced therapists may over rely on techniques and appear mechanistic. ​ the use of open-ended questioning. ​ its lack of applicability to group counseling.
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​ inexperienced therapists may over rely on techniques and appear mechanistic.
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The founder(s) of solution-focused brief therapy is (are):​ ​ Michael White and David Epston. ​ Insoo Kim Berg and Steve de Shazer. ​ Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck. ​ Donald Meichenbaum.
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Insoo Kim Berg and Steve de Shazer.
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The founder(s) of narrative therapy is (are): ​ ​ Michael White and David Epston. ​ Insoo Kim Berg and Steve de Shazer. ​ Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck. ​ Donald Meichenbaum.
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Michael White and David Epston.
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The solution-focused brief therapy therapeutic process rests on the foundation that clients are: ​ ​ in need of an expert. ​ unable to make decisions. ​ the experts on their own lives. ​ passive participants in their journey.
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the experts on their own lives.
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​ A main task of the narrative therapist is to help clients construct a: ​ negative story line. ​ preferred story line. ​ new faΓ§ade. ​ second personality.
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preferred story line.
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There are three kinds of solution-focused therapeutic relationships. The client and therapist jointly identify a problem and a solution to work toward describes which relationship?​ ​Customer ​Complaint ​Visitor ​Shopper
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​Customer
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From the very first solution-focused interview, the therapist is mindful of working toward:​ ​ the miracle question. ​ pretherapy change. ​ formula first session task. ​ termination.
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​ termination.