Politics Mid-Term

Flashcard maker : Steven Ramirez
Politics is defined in your text as:
Who gets what, when, and how
Power is defined in your text as:
The ability to get others to do what you want
When those in government exercise power recognized by citizens as right and proper, they are exercising:
Authority
The market controls economic decisions in a ____ economy
capitalist
Government assurances that the rules will work smoothly and treat everyone fairly, with no promises of particular outcomes are:
Procedural guarantees
In socialist economies, control over economic decisions is exercised by:
The government
Government assurances of particular outcomes or results are:
Substantive guarantees
All of the following statements concerning popular sovereignty are true EXCEPT:
It is the basis for anarchy as a form of Government
The key concept of a pluralist theory of democracy is that the following is the key to political power:
Citizen participation groups
The doctrine that society is based on an agreement between government and the governed in which people agree to give up some rights in exchange for the protection of others is called:
Social contract theory
What is the key difference between a citizen and a subject?
Citizens have rights as well as obligations, but subjects have only obligations.
which of the following reflects the type of economic system found in the United States?
Regulated capitalism, in which business has substantial freedom from government interference, but the government does step in and regulate the economy to guarantee individual rights.
The two competing views of citizenship that exist today in the United States see humans acting out of:
Self-Interest Vs. common good
_____ Can be described as a system or an organization for exercising authority over a body of people:
Government
The major difference between elitist, pluralist, and participatory theories of democracy is related to the:
Role of the people in decision making
Individuals born in the United States are American citizens, even if there parents are not, following principle of:
Jus soli
Citizens or subjects of other countries who come to the United States to live or work are known as:
Immigrants
The legal process of acquiring citizenship for a person who was not born a U.S. citizen is known as:
Naturalization
The Importance of Political culture is that:
Reduces conflict in society
Americans tend to believe in ___ guarantees by government.
Procedural
The United States’ representative democracy is based on:
Majority rule and the consent of the governed
Compared with the situation in most other
western democracies, voter turnout in America is:
Much lower
The American concept of equality tends to consist of ensuring:
That the rules treat everyone the same
Individualism means or implies all of the following EXCEPT:
Democracy, freedom, and equality should be understood in terms of procedures
Americans believe that ___ is the most appropriate procedure for making public policy decisions:
Democracy
The procedural character of equality for Americans causes them to argue that equality should be measured as:
Equality of opportunity
Compared with most countries, in the United states the range of the idealogical spectrum is:
Narrower because of our shared political culture
Which of the following statements is true regarding political culture and political ideology:
Political culture unites us whereas political ideology divides us
The major disagreement among Americans on the idealogical economic dimension is over:
How much the government should become involved in modifying the effects of the free market
The three core values of American political culture include all of the following EXCEPT:
English as the official language
Political culture tends to unite society because:
Most citizens believe the ideas that make up their culture are true.
Early colonists came to America:
For a wide range of economic and political agendas as well as for religious and philosophical reasons
All of the following statements concerning life in the colonies are true EXCEPT:
The colonies were places of absolute freedom whereas England had many restrictions
Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress had all of the following powers EXCEPT:
Tax
The founders adopted a federal political system:
As a compromise between those who wanted a strong central government and those who wanted to retain strong state governments
The Great Compromise:
Established a legislature with equal state representation in the Senate and representation by state population in the House
According to Federalists, the advantage of federalism over a confederation was that it:
Divides power between the federal and state governments
Under the Three-Fifths Compromise
Each slave would count as three-fifths of a person for purposes of representation in the House of Representatives
Which of the following best reflects the contradiction within the new citizenship of the early American republic?
A belief in citizenship conferring equal rights but the unavailability of this citizenship to a major portion of the population
In the United States:
Legislative, executive, and judicial powers are handled by separate institutions
The Supreme Court has interpreted the ___ clause of the Constitution so broadly that there are very few restrictions on what Congress can do.
necessary and proper
The powers of the president include all of the following EXCEPT he/she:
Can declare war
All of the following comparisons between the American presidential and parliamentary systems are true EXCEPT
The prime minister is not chosen directly by the people, whereas the president is chosen directly by the people via a \”one person-one vote system\”
In federalist No. 78, Hamilton argued that the judiciary would be the least threatening branch of government because:
It does not control the military or the budget of the nation
The Constitutional safeguard that places legislative, executive, and judicial powers in different hand is called:
Separation of powers
Aspects of the system of checks and balances include all of the following EXCEPT:
Presidents can force congress to adjourn
Which of the following is not a consequence of federalism?
It creates a more uniform environment for business activity across the country
two trends evident in the development of the American federalism throughout history are
expansion of American government in general and the gradual strengthening of the federal government.
The New Deal increased the scope of both national and state powers by:
redefining the American purpose of government to include solving nationwide economic and social problems
the ways the national government tries to influence states include:
no influence combined with no funding on an issue, categorical grants, Block grants, unfunded mandates.
Federal funds provided to states for a broad purpose and unrestricted by detailed requirements are called
Block grants
Federal orders that require states to operate and pay for programs created at the national level are called
Unfunded mandates
Federalism in the United States:
Was a compromise for how power should be distributed between national and state governments
The amendment process for the Constitution:
Was designed to allow growth and change but not to be too easy
The establishment clause guarantees:
that the government will not create and support an official state church
According to the textbook, free speech is valuable for all of the following reasons EXCEPT it:
Is good for economic development
Separationists differ from accommodationists in that
Separationists favor a stricter separation of church and state than accommodationists
Written defamation of character is known as:
Libel
The Supreme Court has most recently ruled that the second amendment:
establishes and individuals right to bear arms
The exclusionary rule is the Supreme Court rule that:
Illegally seized evidence cannot be used to obtain a conviction
Miranda V. Arizona held that:
police have to advise people of their constitutional rights prior to questioning
The Supreme court has most recently ruled that what happens between consenting adults:
is protected by the right to privacy
The difference between civil rights and civil liberties is
That civil rights involve government action to secure rights of citizenship, whereas civil liberties involve individual freedoms that limit the power of government.
Individual actions come into conflict with the collective good of society:
because individual actions often have important consequences and costs for society
The rights the founders believed were essential to maintain a representative democracy included all of the following EXCEPT:
Establishment of religion
The test that seemed to provide the most protection for free speech is the
Imminent lawless action test
it is difficult for the Supreme Court to determine the exact meaning of obscenity because:
the whole area is so subjective that wide disagreement exists
The supreme court’s ruling in Griswold v. Connecticut is significant because it:
opened the door for a variety of claims regarding the right to privacy

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