Politics Exam 6 MC

question

The emergence of hyperpartisanship has brought the American party system ______ the standards for a responsible party system.
answer

farther away from
question

Of the following choices, party discipline applies only to the ______.
answer

party-in-government
question

Which of the following is NOT true regarding issue positions of the major parties?
answer

Democrats are more likely than Republicans to believe that government should let each person get ahead on his or her own rather than guaranteeing jobs and standards of living.
question

The statement that third parties are irrelevant in modern-day politics is ______.
answer

less accurate than in the past due to the Tea Party victories of the 2010 midterm elections
question

The current party era is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT this:
answer

A weakening in party identification among voters
question

Realignments are significant because they ______.
answer

usually result in a change in policy direction
question

Party officials complain about the open primary because ______.
answer

members of the other party can contaminate the nomination process
question

Party organizations engage in recruiting candidates ______.
answer

for races they think they can win but that are not attractive to ambitious politicians
question

In contrast to the ideas of James Madison, political observers today argue that political parties ______.
answer

are essential to the maintenance of democracy
question

Which of the following is NOT a reason the United States has a two-party system?
answer

The American public strongly supports a two-party system.
question

Parties help to overcome the problem of ______ created by the Constitution.
answer

fragmented government
question

The responsible party model ______.
answer

makes it easier for voters to hold parties accountable for their actions
question

Since the 1960s, ______.
answer

Republicans and Democrats have become more consistent with respect to their ideologies
question

The Democratic Party has become more liberal and the Republican Party more conservative because of the ______.
answer

movement of conservative, southern Democrats to the Republican Party
question

The election of 1828 was significant to the development of electoral politics because ______.
answer

it was the first election in which mass participation occurred
question

An election signaling a significant change in popular allegiance from one party to another is a ______ election.
answer

critical
question

Electioneering refers to ______.
answer

the process of getting a person elected to public office
question

The two functions of parties are ______.
answer

electioneering and governing
question

The third party mentioned in the text that had a significant impact on the 2010 midterm elections is the ______.
answer

Tea Party
question

According to the textbook, the relationship between citizens and parties today is best reflected by ______.
answer

citizens’ growing dissatisfaction with parties because moderates find themselves poorly represented and frustrated at the emergence of hyperpartisanship
question

All of the following statements concerning party identification in the electorate are true EXCEPT this one:
answer

Most people who are registered members of a party work actively for their party organization.
question

Election campaigns changed during the twentieth century in all of the following ways EXCEPT this one:
answer

The voters became less important in the nomination process.
question

Party activists are important to the parties for all of the following reasons EXCEPT this one:
answer

They are the source of the drive to capture moderate voters and win elections.
question

Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding party machines?
answer

Party machines were strongest in rural areas.
question

The party activity of governing involves ______ and ______.
answer

controlling government; enacting the party’s policy agenda
question

One impact of televising the national conventions is that ______.
answer

political parties choreograph events during prime time
question

The positive aspect of partisanship is that it ______.
answer

keeps politicians honest and allows the best political ideas and policies to emerge
question

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the responsible party model?
answer

Each party should act in a polarized fashion to such an extent that their behavior impedes government functions.
question

Why would the two American parties feel the need to take more extreme issue positions?
answer

To satisfy the party activists
question

Parties appeal to moderate voters by all of the following EXCEPT this:
answer

Publicly denouncing the more extreme wing of their own party
question

All of the following statements are true of party eras EXCEPT this one:
answer

Throughout American history, the balance of parties has usually resulted in different parties controlling the executive and legislative branches of the federal government.
question

A critical election leads to a(n) ______.
answer

realignment
question

American political parties are decentralized for all of the following reasons EXCEPT this one:
answer

Americans resist efforts of the parties to become more centralized.
question

All of the following statements concerning parties in American democracy are true EXCEPT this one:
answer

They have become an impediment to the operation of modern democracy.
question

Which of the following statements is NOT true about the American party system?
answer

American parties are more ideologically extreme than many of their European counterparts.
question

The party ______ are the members of a political party who consistently vote for that party’s candidates.
answer

base
question

Which of the following questions is NOT one that needs to be asked by a critical reader of party platforms?
answer

Do public opinions polls show this party’s platform was the one supported by the voters at the time it was written?
question

Primary voters, party activists, and big-money donors ______.
answer

tend to be more ideological and issue oriented than the voters in the general election
question

The current state of American political parties can be described as ______.
answer

being in a period of both realignment and dealignment
question

Media coverage of the general election process has ______.
answer

made campaigns more candidate centered
question

According to the text, ______ should find it easiest to band together to pursue common goals due to the nature of their goals.
answer

business owners
question

At the time the health care bill was being debated in Congress, the insurance industry was in a tough position because ______.
answer

if it stayed outside of the political process but was unable to stop health care reform, it risked being stuck with a policy it hated
question

Selective incentives are necessary for some interest groups because ______.
answer

collective benefits cannot be kept from those who do not join the group, and the group needs paying members to join
question

Expressive benefits are ______.
answer

selective incentives that derive from the opportunity to express values and beliefs and to be committed to a greater cause
question

Which statement best reflects the political influence of labor unions?
answer

Labor union membership has decreased, but unions still provide a formidable political force.
question

Corporate and business interest groups are the most numerous and powerful of all interest groups because ______.
answer

the government plays a key role in regulating the economy and setting the rules for economic competition
question

Based on the definitions in the textbook, the difference between factions and other interest groups is that factions ______.
answer

have goals that are opposed to the rights of other citizens or to the interests of the whole community
question

The part of the federal government that is least subject to the revolving-door phenomenon is ______.
answer

the courts
question

So-called 527 groups are important because they can ______.
answer

raise unlimited amounts of money to mobilize voters with issue advocacy ads
question

Traditional social protest has been used most effectively by ______.
answer

civil rights leaders
question

The likelihood that people with a shared interest will form a group is increased when each of the following occurs EXCEPT this:
answer

The potential members are unemployed and have a great deal of time to engage in politics.
question

A common feature of all interest groups is that they ______.
answer

are organized around shared interests among members
question

______ are interest groups that try to influence government to produce collective goods or services that benefit the general public.
answer

Public interest groups
question

The text indicates that ______ are the type of interest group that is least likely to meet Madison’s definition of \”factions.\”
answer

public interest groups
question

After reading the sections of the textbook on group formation and on types of interest groups, one could conclude all of the following EXCEPT this:
answer

Worthy interests will be served regardless of whether or not they are organized.
question

The only way an interest group can directly lobby the judiciary is to ______.
answer

challenge the legality of laws or administrative regulations by filing suit or filing amicus briefs in courts
question

PAC money is directed primarily toward ______.
answer

congressional incumbents
question

In addition to the usual goals of other types of indirect lobbying, demonstrations and spontaneous protests seek to ______.
answer

recruit those who have not formed an opinion on a certain topic or change the minds of those who have
question

Interest groups perform all of the following roles in politics EXCEPT this one:
answer

Electing members to public office
question

An interest group ______ is an effective leader who is likely to have organized an interest group and can effectively promote its interests.
answer

entrepreneur
question

The argument that there is a \”free rider problem\” means that ______.
answer

people obtain the benefits provided by an interest group without being part of it because the benefit is available to everyone
question

What is often the most important triggering mechanism that causes interest groups to form?
answer

An external threat that causes citizens to band together to protect their well-being
question

AARP is very large because ______.
answer

AARP provides a wide variety of selective benefits for a small cost
question

To be a critical consumer of direct mail, one should ask all of the following questions EXCEPT this one:
answer

Are they registered with the federal government as a lobbying organization?
question

Political action committees contribute to congressional campaign funds largely to influence ______.
answer

only members of relevant congressional committees because the contributions directly shape the process of specific legislation
question

_______ is/are crucial to helping interest groups form, sustain, and achieve policy goals, regardless of the group’s financial resources.
answer

Effective leadership
question

Political action committees were created as a result of ______.
answer

interest group restrictions in the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974
question

The ______ is the interest group that argued a number of key civil rights cases in court, including Brown v. Board of Education.
answer

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
question

Economic interest groups include all of the following EXCEPT this:
answer

Consumer groups
question

When directly lobbying Congress, interest groups may make use of all of the following EXCEPT this:
answer

Public relations campaigns
question

The \”revolving door\” exists because ______.
answer

some of the most effective lobbyists are former government officials
question

The ______ role of interest groups is reflected in MADD’s attempts to increase public awareness of problems related to drunk driving and to direct legislative attention to the issue.
answer

agenda-building
question

The ability to make sizable and strategically placed campaign contributions helps interest groups ______.
answer

buy access to representatives, senators, the White House, and their staffs
question

Interest groups are formed with the common goal of ______.
answer

altering public policy
question

The Eagle Forum is an interest group that ______.
answer

advocates a more traditional role for women in society
question

This type of interest group can trace its origin back to Earth Day in 1970:
answer

Environmental groups
question

______ is a nonpartisan defender of individual rights against the encroachment of a powerful government.
answer

The American Civil Liberties Union
question

Astroturf lobbying refers to ______.
answer

indirect lobbying efforts that manipulate public sentiment
question

Pluralists believe that interest groups ______.
answer

give more power to citizens and enhance democratic life
question

Liberals who criticized President Obama’s strategy for getting the health care bill passed say he ______ when he dealt with interest groups from the health insurance industry.
answer

\”gave away the store\” by not insisting on inclusion of the public option
question

When a group provides a collective good or service, ______.
answer

the group will inevitably confront the free rider problem
question

Many interest groups face the ______ when recruiting members who can gain the benefits of their activities whether or not they join.
answer

free rider problem
question

Second Amendment groups lobby for or against ______.
answer

gun control
question

Political action committees, or PACs, are ______.
answer

the fundraising arm for interest groups
question

Issue advocacy advertisements are ______.
answer

legal only if they do not tell citizens how to vote
question

Interest groups overcome the free rider problem by doing all of the following EXCEPT ______.
answer

providing collective goods only to people who join the group
question

Interest groups often provide selective incentives, which are ______.
answer

benefits available only to group members
question

The 2010 decision in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission had the effect of ______.
answer

lifting the prior financial contribution restrictions on issue advocacy advertisements, such as the McCain-Feingold Act
question

Following the stricter rules on gifts and travel established by the 1995 Lobbying Disclosure Act, over the past decade, Congress has ______.
answer

eased the restrictions on gifts and travel provided for representatives and senators by lobbyists

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member